kids encyclopedia robot

Mills County, Texas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Mills County
The Mills County Courthouse in Goldthwaite
The Mills County Courthouse in Goldthwaite
Map of Texas highlighting Mills County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 610: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1887
Named for John T. Mills
Seat Goldthwaite
Largest city Goldthwaite
 • Total 750 sq mi (1,900 km2)
 • Land 748 sq mi (1,940 km2)
 • Water 1.5 sq mi (4 km2)  0.2%%
 • Total 4,936
 • Density 6.6/sq mi (2.5/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 11th

Mills County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in Central Texas, USA. At the 2010 census, its population was 4,936. The county seat is Goldthwaite. The county is named for John T. Mills, a justice of the Texas Supreme Court.


Confederate statue in Goldthwaite IMG 0778
Confederate statue in front of Mills County Courthouse
  • Among first inhabitants were the Apache and Comanche.
  • 1786–1789: Pedro Vial explores a route from San Antonio to Santa Fe for Spain and passes through the county.
  • 1828: Capt. Henry Stevenson Brown passes through the county to recover stock stolen by Indians.
  • 1852: Dick Jenkins becomes the county's first permanent settler.
  • 1857: A Methodist circuit rider holds the county's first religious service in the cabin of Charles Mullin.
  • 1858: Mr. and Mrs. Mose Jackson and two of their children are killed by Indians at Jackson Springs, while two other children were carried into captivity. After a force of settlers rout the Indians at Salt Gap, their pursuers and a company of Texas Rangers recover the captive Jackson children.
  • 1869–1897: Lawlessness is rampant in post–Civil War Mills County. Vigilante committees create a reign of terror. The Texas Rangers are brought in to restore law and order.
  • 1885: Goldthwaite is established as the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway builds tracks into the region.
  • 1887: The Texas state legislature forms Mills County from Brown, Comanche, Hamilton, and Lampasas counties. Goldthwaite becomes the county seat.
  • 1890: The county courthouse is erected.
  • 1905: A Confederate Reunion is held in Goldthwaite.
  • 1912: The courthouse burns down arson suspected.
  • 1913: A new brick, stone and concrete courthouse is erected in the Classical Revival style by architect Henry Phelps.
  • 1915: The Confederate Memorial Monument is placed on the courthouse grounds in Goldthwaite. The statue was funded by public donations, the civic organization Self Culture Club, Jeff Davis Camp 117, and United Confederate Veterans.
  • 1982: Oil is discovered in Mills County.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 750 square miles (1,900 km2), of which 748 square miles (1,940 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (0.2%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 84.svg U.S. Highway 84
  • US 183.svg U.S. Highway 183
  • Texas 16.svg State Highway 16


Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 5,493
1900 7,851 42.9%
1910 9,694 23.5%
1920 9,019 −7.0%
1930 8,293 −8.0%
1940 7,951 −4.1%
1950 5,999 −24.6%
1960 4,467 −25.5%
1970 4,212 −5.7%
1980 4,477 6.3%
1990 4,531 1.2%
2000 5,151 13.7%
2010 4,936 −4.2%
2019 (est.) 4,873 −1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

At the 2000 census, there were 5,151 people, 2,001 households and 1,398 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 per square mile (2.7/km2). There were 2,691 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1.5/km2). The racial make-up was 89.24% White, 1.26% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 7.73% from other races and 1.34% from two or more races. Of the population, 13.03% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,001 households, of which 27.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.20% were married couples living together, 7.00% had a female householder with no husband present and 30.10% were non-families. Of all households, 27.80% were made up of individuals and 17.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.90.

25.50% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.70% from 18 to 24, 20.50% from 25 to 44, 26.10% from 45 to 64 and 23.10% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 102.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.20 males.

The median household income was $30,579 and the median family income was $37,519. Males had a median income of $25,933 and females $20,076. The per capita income was $15,915. About 12.70% of families and 18.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.40% of those under age 18 and 17.80% of those age 65 or over.




Unincorporated communities

Ghost Town

kids search engine
Mills County, Texas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.