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Coryell County, Texas facts for kids

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Coryell County
The Coryell County Courthouse in Gatesville, Texas. The courthouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places on August 18, 1977.
The Coryell County Courthouse in Gatesville, Texas. The courthouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places on August 18, 1977.
Map of Texas highlighting Coryell County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1854
Seat Gatesville
Largest city Copperas Cove
Area
 • Total 1,057 sq mi (2,740 km2)
 • Land 1,052 sq mi (2,720 km2)
 • Water 4.7 sq mi (12 km2)  0.4%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 75,388
 • Density 72/sq mi (28/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 25th

Coryell County ( KOR-yel) is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 75,388. The county seat is Gatesville. The county is named for James Coryell, a frontiersman and Texas Ranger who was killed by Comanche Indians while protecting settlers.

Coryell County is part of the KilleenTemple metropolitan statistical area.

History

The habitation of Coryell County dates as far back as 4500 BC. The Tonkawa, Lipan Apache, Kiowa and Comanche were among the tribes who migrated through the area at various periods. When the General Colonization Law went into effect in 1824, followed by the 1825 State Colonization Law of Coahuila y Tejas, Robert Leftwich obtained a grant to settle 800 families in Texas. The grant went through several legal challenges, and later became Robertson's Colony, named for Sterling C. Robertson. The grant encompassed all or parts of thirty present-day Texas counties Settlers began moving into the area after Fort Gates was established at Gatesville. The Texas state legislature created the county in 1854, naming it after James Coryell.

Originally Coryell was to be named Pierce County but was changed to Coryell after James' Coryell's death.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,057 square miles (2,740 km2), of which 1,052 square miles (2,720 km2) is land and 4.7 square miles (12 km2) (0.4%) is water.

Major highways

  • I-14.svg Interstate 14
  • US 84.svg U.S. Highway 84
  • US 190.svg U.S. Highway 190
  • US 281.svg U.S. Highway 281
  • Texas 36.svg State Highway 36

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 412
1880 10,924 2,551.5%
1890 16,873 54.5%
1900 21,308 26.3%
1910 21,703 1.9%
1920 20,601 −5.1%
1930 19,999 −2.9%
1940 20,226 1.1%
1950 16,284 −19.5%
1960 23,961 47.1%
1970 35,311 47.4%
1980 56,767 60.8%
1990 64,213 13.1%
2000 74,978 16.8%
2010 75,388 0.5%
2019 (est.) 75,951 0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, 74,978 people, 19,950 households, and 15,780 families were residing in the county. The population density was 71 people per square mile (28/km2). The 21,776 housing units averaged 21 per sq mi (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 65.28% White, 21.80% African American, 0.88% Native American, 1.75% Asian, 0.49% Pacific Islander, 6.26% from other races, and 3.54% from two or more races. About 12.57% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.

Of the 19,950 households, 47.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.80% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.90% were not families. About 16.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91, and the average family size was 3.27.

In the county, the age distribution was 26.20% under 18, 17.90% from 18 to 24, 36.30% from 25 to 44, 13.80% from 45 to 64, and 5.70% who were 65 or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,999, and for a family was $38,307. Males had a median income of $24,236 versus $21,186 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,410. About 7.80% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 9.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

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