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Crystal Brook
South Australia
CrystalBrookSilos.jpg
The rising sun catching the Crystal Brook grain silos on a clear winter's morning; the town sports oval in the foreground
Population 1,185 (2006 census)
Postcode(s) 5523
Elevation 105 m (344 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Port Pirie Regional Council
State electorate(s) Frome
Federal Division(s) Grey

Crystal Brook is a town in South Australia, named after the spring-fed creek next to which it was founded. It is 197 kilometres (122 mi) north of Adelaide and in 2006 had a population of 1,185.

Crystal Brook is situated on Goyder's Line near the border of two climate systems. While apparently cold semi-arid, the town benefits from a temperate mediterranean climate zone near to the east, making possible slightly more intense farming in the region. To the west and north-west lies some marginal, semi-arid farmland. The local farming community still supports many small businesses in the town.

Crystal Brook (or creek) supplied water to the town until 1890 when the Beetaloo Reservoir was completed, which at the time was the largest concrete dam in the southern hemisphere.

Transport

The Sydney–Perth and the Adelaide–Darwin railways share the same approximately 530 kilometres (329 mi) of track between Crystal Brook and Tarcoola. There is a triangular junction at Crystal Brook which joins Tarcoola, Adelaide and Sydney. Another triangular junction at Tarcoola joins Crystal Brook, Darwin and Perth.

Crystal Brook Show

The Crystal Brook Show has been held annually since the early 1880s.

Heysen Trail

The town lies on the Heysen Trail, a 1,200 kilometres (746 mi)-long walking trail from Cape Jervis to Parachilna Gorge.

Close to the north-south midpoint of the trail, Crystal Brook marks a change in climate. Hot, dry summers and mild winters lie to the north, and more temperate conditions to the south.

Military History

During World War 2, Crystal Brook was the location of RAAF No.31 Inland Aircraft Fuel Depot (IAFD), built in 1942 and closed on 14 June 1944. Usually consisting of 4 tanks, 31 fuel depots were built across Australia for the storage and supply of aircraft fuel for the RAAF and the US Army Air Forces at a total cost of £900,000 ($1,800,000).

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