Denmark-Norway facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Denmark–Norway

Danmark–Norge
1524–1814
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Royal Coat of arms
Map of Denmark–Norway, c. 1780
Map of Denmark–Norway, c. 1780
Status Unitary personal union (1524-1536) and (1660-1814)
Dualistic unitary state (1536-1660)
Capital Copenhagen
Common languages Official use: Danish, German, Latin
Minority: Norwegian, IcelandicFaroese, Norn, Frisian, Greenlandic, Western Sami languages, Low German
Religion
Lutheran
Government Elective monarchy (Denmark) 1524-1660, Absolute monarchy from 1660.
King  
• 1524–1533
Frederick I
• 1588–1648
Christian IV
• 1648–1670
Frederick III
• 1808–1839a
Frederick VI
Historical era Early modern Europe
• Gustav Vasa elected
    king of Sweden

6 June 1523
• Kalmar Union collapsed
1524
• Danish rigsråd
    abolished

14 October 1660
• Lex Regia confirms
    absolutism

14 November 1665
• Treaty of Brömsebro
13 August 1645
• Treaty of Roskilde
26 February 1658
• Treaty of Kiel
14 January 1814
• Congress of Vienna
September 1814 – June 1815
Area
1780b 487,476 km2 (188,216 sq mi)
Population
• 1645c
1315000
• 1801d
1859000
Currency
  • D: Danish rigsdaler
  • N: Norwegian rigsdaler
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kalmar Union
Denmark
Norway in 1814
Today part of

As territory

As colonies

  • a: Frederick VI was regent for his father, so ruled as de facto king from 14 April 1784. He continued to rule Denmark after the Treaty of Kiel until his death on 3 Decembe 1839.
  • b: Denmark (43,094 km2 or 16,639 sq mi), Schleswig-Holstein (15,763 km2 or 6,086 sq mi), Norway (mainland: 324,220 km2 or 125,180 sq mi), Faroes (1,399 km2 or 540 sq mi), Iceland (103,000 km2 or 40,000 sq mi). (With Greenland: additional 2,175,600 km2 or 840,000 sq mi.)
  • c: Estimated 825,000 in Denmark, 440,000 in Norway and 50,000 in Iceland
  • d: 929,000 in Denmark, 883,000 in Norway and 47,000 in Iceland

The Kingdom of Denmark-Norway was a union between the two kingdoms Denmark and Norway, which lasted from 1536 to 1814. During this time, the capital of both countries was Copenhagen, and they shared the same military. The kingdom also possessed colonies in Greenland, Iceland, Africa, the Caribbean and India.

Monarchs

  • 1524–1533: Frederick I
  • 1588–1648: Christian IV
  • 1648–1670: Frederick III
  • 1808–1814: Frederick VI

Images for kids


Denmark-Norway Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.