Edinburg, Texas facts for kids

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Edinburg, Texas
City
City of Edinburg
The Hidalgo County Courthouse as seen from University Drive in late 2002.
The Hidalgo County Courthouse as seen from University Drive in late 2002.
Nickname(s): "Gateway City to the Rio Grande Valley"
Location of Edinburg, Texas
Location of Edinburg, Texas
Country  United States
State  Texas
County Flag of Hidalgo County, Texas.png Hidalgo
Area
 • Total 37.4 sq mi (96.9 km2)
 • Land 37.4 sq mi (96.8 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 95 ft (29 m)
Population (2012 Census Estimate)
 • Total 81,029
 • Density 1,296.9/sq mi (500.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 78539-78541
Area code(s) 956
FIPS code 48-22660
GNIS feature ID 1335095
Website CityOfEdinburg.com

Edinburg (/ˈɛdnbərɡ/ EDD-in-berg) is a city in and the county seat of Hidalgo County, Texas, United States. The population was 81,029 according to the 2012 census estimate.

Edinburg is part of the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission and Reynosa–McAllen metropolitan areas.

History

In 1908, John Closner, William Briggs, Argyle McAllen, Plutarco de la Viña and Dennis B. Chapin developed a new community (the town square of which is now located at the crossroads of U.S. Highway 281 and State Highway 107). The town was named Chapin in honor of one of the developers. It is a local myth that Edinburg became the county seat of Hidalgo County in a dramatic, nighttime covert operation in which the county records were removed from the previous county seat. However, historical records show more practical reasons. The original Hidalgo County Courthouse in the City of Hidalgo was under frequent danger of flooding because of the town's proximity to the Rio Grande, which sometimes encroached on the building. Additionally, Texas law required that the courthouse be close to the geographic center of the county. When Dennis Chapin was involved in the shooting death of Oscar J. Rountree at the Dan Breen Saloon in San Antonio, Texas, the community changed its name to Edinburg to honor John Young, a prominent businessman who was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. The town was officially named in 1911 and incorporated in 1919.

Geography

Edinburg is located at 26°18′15″N 98°9′50″W / 26.30417°N 98.16389°W / 26.30417; -98.16389 (26.304225, -98.163751).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.4 square miles (97 km2), of which 37.3 square miles (97 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.13%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 1,406
1930 4,821 242.9%
1940 6,718 39.3%
1950 12,383 84.3%
1960 18,706 51.1%
1970 17,163 −8.2%
1980 24,075 40.3%
1990 29,885 24.1%
2000 48,465 62.2%
2010 77,100 59.1%
Est. 2015 84,497 9.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

Population as of the census of 2000, there were 48,465 people, 14,183 households, and 11,417 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,296.9 people per square mile (500.7/km²). There were 16,031 housing units at an average density of 429.0 per square mile (165.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.32% White, 0.58% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 22.67% from other races, and 2.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 88.68% of the population. About 95% of those who selected the "other race" were Hispanic or Latino.

There were 14,183 households out of which 46.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.5% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.29 and the average family size was 3.71.

In the city, the population was spread out with 33.0% under the age of 18, 13.1% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,938, and the median income for a family was $30,634. Males had a median income of $27,505 versus $21,010 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,854. About 25.2% of families and 29.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.2% of those under age 18 and 23.0% of those age 65 or over.

Sights

The Edinburg Scenic Wetlands is one of nine sites of the World Birding Center, a native habitat site and wildlife refuge.

Transportation

McIntyre Street Project plans also include a bus transportation hub for Valley Metro,

Highways

  • Texas 107.svg State Highway 107
  • Texas 336.svg State Highway 336
  • US 281.svg U.S. Route 281
  • I-69C.svg Interstate 69C

Airports

There are two major commercial airports near Edinburg: McAllen-Miller International Airport (MFE) at McAllen, 20 minutes from Edinburg and Valley International Airport, (HRL) in Harlingen, 40 minutes from Edinburg. The South Texas International Airport at Edinburg (KEBG) is a public use airport owned and operated by the City of Edinburg.

Nearby cities and communities

Nearest cities


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