El Segundo, California facts for kids
|El Segundo, California|
|City of El Segundo|
Location of El Segundo in Los Angeles County, California
|Incorporated||January 18, 1917|
|• Total||5.465 sq mi (14.152 km2)|
|• Land||5.463 sq mi (14.148 km2)|
|• Water||0.002 sq mi (0.004 km2) 0.03%|
|Elevation||115 ft (35 m)|
|Population (April 1, 2010)|
|• Estimate (2013)||16,924|
|• Density||3,047.4/sq mi (1,176.79/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1660605, 2410417|
El Segundo is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. El Segundo, from Spanish, means The Second in English. Located on the Santa Monica Bay, it was incorporated on January 18, 1917, and part of the South Bay Cities Council of Governments. The population was 16,654 at the 2010 census, up from 16,033 at the 2000 census.
The El Segundo and Los Angeles coastal area was first settled by the Tongva (or Gabrieleños) and Chumash Native American tribes hundreds of years ago. The area was once a part of Rancho Sausal Redondo ("Round Willow Patch Ranch"). Rancho Sausal Redondo extended from Playa Del Rey in the North to Redondo Beach in the South. Originally a Mexican land grant owned by Antonio Ygnacio Avila, the rancho was later purchased by a Scottish baronet named Sir Robert Burnett. After his return to Scotland, the property was purchased by then current manager of the rancho, Daniel Freeman. Daniel Freeman sold portions of the rancho to multiple owners. George H. Peck owned the 840 acres (3.4 km2) of land the Chevron Refinery now sits on. Peck also developed land in neighboring El Porto where a street still bears his name. The city earned its name ("the second" in Spanish) as it was the site of the second Standard Oil refinery on the West Coast (the first was at Richmond in Northern California), when Standard Oil of California purchased the 840 acres (3.4 km2) of farm land in 1911.
The company was renamed Chevron in 1984, and the El Segundo refinery will soon enter its second century of operation. The city was incorporated in 1917.
The Douglas Aircraft Company plant in El Segundo was one of the major aircraft manufacturing facilities in California during World War II. It was one of the major producers of SBD Dauntless dive bombers, which achieved fame in the Battle of Midway. The facility, now operated by Northrop Grumman, is still an aircraft plant.
Pollution and toxic waste cleanup remain issues as El Segundo converts industrial sites to shopping malls and sports facilities. The north and south boundaries of the town are Los Angeles International Airport and Manhattan Beach, with the Pacific Ocean as the western boundary. Aircraft noise from LAX is a major issue for residents on the north side of El Segundo. Residents are currently active in tree-planting along Imperial Highway.
El Segundo is located at (33.921313, -118.406233).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14 km2), over 99% of which is land.
The 2010 United States Census reported that El Segundo had a population of 16,654. The population density was 3,047.9 people per square mile (1,176.8/km²). The racial makeup of El Segundo was 12,997 (78.0%) White (69.1% Non-Hispanic White), 337 (2.0%) African American, 68 (0.4%) Native American, 1,458 (8.8%) Asian, 38 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 799 (4.8%) from other races, and 957 (5.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,609 persons (15.7%).
The Census reported that 16,578 people (99.5% of the population) lived in households, 66 (0.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 10 (0.1%) were institutionalized.
There were 7,085 households, out of which 2,183 (30.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,050 (43.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 729 (10.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 326 (4.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 369 (5.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships. 2,254 households (31.8%) were made up of individuals and 570 (8.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34. There were 4,105 families (57.9% of all households); the average family size was 3.02.
The population was spread out with 3,719 people (22.3%) under the age of 18, 1,120 people (6.7%) aged 18 to 24, 5,182 people (31.1%) aged 25 to 44, 4,955 people (29.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,678 people (10.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.2 years. For every 100 females there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.8 males.
There were 7,410 housing units at an average density of 1,356.1 per square mile (523.6/km²), of which 3,034 (42.8%) were owner-occupied, and 4,051 (57.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.1%. 8,177 people (49.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 8,401 people (50.4%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the 2010 United States Census, El Segundo had a median household income of $84,341, with 4.8% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
As of the 2000 Census, the population density was 2,894.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,117.4/km²). There were 7,261 housing units at an average density of 1,310.9 per square mile (506.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.61% White, 1.17% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 6.41% Asian, 0.29% Pacific Islander, 3.51% from other races, and 4.55% from two or more races. 11.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 7,060 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.6% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city, the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 38.7% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $61,341, and the median income for a family was $74,007. Males had a median income of $52,486 versus $41,682 for females. The per capita income for the city was $33,996. About 3.1% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.
Parks and recreation
El Segundo has its own beach, as well as three public pools, including two outdoor pools open only during the summer months. The El Segundo Parks and Rec staff are the basis for the hit NBC program Parks and Rec. El Segundo has two full-sized turf fields named Campus El Segundo Athletic Fields in which is open to the public.
State Route 1, California's Pacific Coast Highway, passes through the city as Sepulveda Boulevard, while Interstate 105 begins its journey at Sepulveda Boulevard just outside the northern city limits of El Segundo and heads east to Norwalk.
Amtrak's El Segundo Bus Stop (ESG) is located at the Los Angeles County Metro Green Line Douglas Station and is serviced by Thruway Motorcoach. The stop is on Amtrak's 1c bus route that runs four times a day between Amtrak's Torrance Bus Stop (Alpine Village) and the Bakersfield Amtrak Station where passengers transfer to and from trains on Amtrak's San Joaquin route; passengers can also connect with Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner route at the Van Nuys Amtrak Station.
Los Angeles International Airport is located immediately to the north of El Segundo. In 2014, an air quality study found harmful ultrafine particles from the takeoffs and landings at Los Angeles International Airport to be of much greater magnitude than previously thought.
In popular culture
- The movie Dude, Where's My Car? was filmed in El Segundo, in front of the ice cream parlor formerly known as Scoops.
- The El Segundo Parks and Rec staff are the basis for the hit NBC program Parks and Rec.
- CSI: Miami is filmed in parts of El Segundo.
- A single appearing on hip hop group A Tribe Called Quest's 1990 album People's Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm is entitled "I Left My Wallet in El Segundo."
- Although filmed in British Columbia, the music video for the song "First Date" by pop-punk band Blink-182 takes place in El Segundo in 1974.
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