Englewood, Ohio facts for kids
Location in Montgomery County and the state of Ohio.
|Founded||May 6, 1841 (as Harrisburg)|
|Named||"Iamton" February 8, 1870
"Englewood" July 11, 1899
|Incorporated||May 15, 1914|
|• Total||6.59 sq mi (17.07 km2)|
|• Land||6.55 sq mi (16.96 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)|
|Elevation||915 ft (279 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||13,463|
|• Density||2,055.7/sq mi (793.7/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||45315, 45322|
|GNIS feature ID||1064624|
Although Englewood was not actually founded until 1841, many early settlers began to come to the area known as Randolph Township around 1800. Earliest settlers were the families of David Hoover, David Mast, Daniel Hoover, Robert Ewing, John and Abraham McClintock, John Rench, Martin Sheets, Jacob Smith, Daniel and Peter Fetters. Also among the early settlers were the families of the Ellers, Fouts, Frantzs, Wertzs and the Brumbaughs.
The early settlers made their living basically from agriculture. They shipped grain and bacon down the Stillwater River on flat bottom boats to Dayton and as far south as New Orleans. There was also a considerable amount of industry, including saw mills, gun smithing, wine distilling and pottery manufacturing.
There were many Native Americans in the area in the early days; however, they were not hostile and traded with the settlers. There was also an abundance of wildlife which afforded good hunting for the settlers’ food requirements.
Following primarily the path traced through this area by the Stillwater River, a group of settlers founded what is now the City of Englewood on May 6, 1841. These pioneers included Mathias Gish, Daniel Rasor and Samuel Herr. Some of these settlers came from the area around Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and thus named the community Harrisburg. Other residents came from Randolph County, North Carolina, and named this township accordingly.
Harrisburg’s first post office was opened on February 8, 1870, and discontinued on February 6, 1871. The post office was re-established on May 8, 1874, and the first postmaster was Harvey Iams. The town was then renamed Iamton. However, at that time the capital letters I and J were the same in the alphabet and the town became known as Jamton.
In 1898, the local businessmen conducted a contest to choose a new name for the town. The name Englewood was chosen as the winner of that contest and the town of Jamton was renamed Englewood. The Village of Englewood was incorporated on May 15, 1914, and Jacob Hoover was the first mayor. The population had risen to 415 by 1930 and over 600 by 1940. Englewood became a city in 1971.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.59 square miles (17.07 km2), of which 6.55 square miles (16.96 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 13,465 people, 5,555 households, and 3,687 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,055.7 inhabitants per square mile (793.7/km2). There were 5,898 housing units at an average density of 900.5 per square mile (347.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.3% White, 12.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.
There were 5,555 households of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.6% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.93.
The median age in the city was 42.1 years. 23% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.7% were from 25 to 44; 27.1% were from 45 to 64; and 19.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 12,235 people, 5,062 households, and 3,442 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,865.1 people per square mile (720.1/km2). There were 5,310 housing units at an average density of 809.4 per square mile (312.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.51% White, 4.61% African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.30% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.87% of the population.
There were 5,062 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.0% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $46,920, and the median income for a family was $60,978. Males had a median income of $41,312 versus $31,647 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,792. About 2.3% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.
Englewood, Ohio Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.