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Eureka County, Nevada facts for kids

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Eureka County
Eureka County
Eureka County Court House
Map of Nevada highlighting Eureka County
Location within the U.S. state of Nevada
Map of the United States highlighting Nevada
Nevada's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Nevada
Founded 1873; 148 years ago (1873)
Named for Eureka
Seat Eureka
Largest city Eureka
Area
 • Total 4,180 sq mi (10,800 km2)
 • Land 4,176 sq mi (10,820 km2)
 • Water 4.3 sq mi (11 km2)  0.1%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 1,987
 • Estimate 
(2019)
2,029
 • Density 0.4754/sq mi (0.18354/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−7 (PDT)
Congressional district 2nd

Eureka County is a county in the U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,987, making it the second-least populous county in Nevada. Its county seat is Eureka.

Eureka County is part of the Elko Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Eureka County was established in 1873 and formed from Lander County after silver was discovered more than 100 miles (160 km) east of Austin. The residents of the new mining camp complained that Austin was too far to go for county business and a new county was created. It was named for the ancient Greek term, Eureka, meaning, "I have found it." This term was used earlier in California and other locations. Eureka has always been the county seat.

Geography

A342, Crescent Valley, Nevada, USA, utility poles, 2011
Utility poles crossing Crescent Valley east of State Route 306

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,180 square miles (10,800 km2), of which 4,176 square miles (10,820 km2) is land and 4.3 square miles (11 km2) (0.1%) is water.

The highest point in the county is the 10,631 ft (3240 m) summit of Diamond Peak in the Diamond Mountains along the border with White Pine County.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest (part)

Major highways

  • I-80 (NV).svg Interstate 80
  • US 50.svg U.S. Route 50
  • Nevada 278.svg State Route 278
  • Nevada 306.svg State Route 306
  • Nevada 766.svg State Route 766
  • Nevada 781.svg State Route 781

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 7,086
1890 3,275 −53.8%
1900 1,954 −40.3%
1910 1,830 −6.3%
1920 1,350 −26.2%
1930 1,333 −1.3%
1940 1,361 2.1%
1950 896 −34.2%
1960 767 −14.4%
1970 948 23.6%
1980 1,198 26.4%
1990 1,547 29.1%
2000 1,651 6.7%
2010 1,987 20.4%
2020 1,855 −6.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2018

2010 census

At the 2010 census, there were 1,987 people, 836 households, and 495 families living in the county. The population density was 0.5 inhabitants per square mile (0.19/km2). There were 1,076 housing units at an average density of 0.3 per square mile (0.12/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.3% white, 2.4% American Indian, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% black or African American, 5.1% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 12.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 43.3% were American, 14.8% were German, 11.4% were Irish, 7.3% were English, and 6.9% were Italian.

Of the 836 households, 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 4.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.8% were non-families, and 33.0% of households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 42.4 years.

The median household income was $61,400 and the median family income was $75,179. Males had a median income of $54,625 versus $42,321 for females. The per capita income for the county was $30,306. About 9.9% of families and 16.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.6% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

There are no incorporated places in Eureka County.

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated places

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