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G minor
B-flat Major key signature.png
Relative key B major
Parallel key G major
Notes in this scale
G, A, B, C, D, E, F, G

G minor is a minor scale based on G.

Its relative major is B-flat major. G minor is one of two flat key signatures that needs a sharp for the seventh note (the other is D minor).

During the Baroque period, music in G minor was usually written with a one-flat key signature.

Mozart's use of G Minor

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart thought that G minor was the most suitable key for showing sadness and tragedy, and many of his minor key works are in G minor, such as the Piano Quartet No. 1 and the String Quintet in G minor. G minor is the only minor key he used as a main key for his numbered symphonies (No. 25, and the famous No. 40). In the Classical period, symphonies in G minor almost always used four horns, two in G and two in B-flat alto. G minor symphonies like Mozart's No. 25 often used E flat major for the slow movement, including Haydn's No. 39 and Vanhal's G minor symphony from before 1771 (Bryan Gm1).

Famous classical music in G minor

See also: List of symphonies in G minor.

Variations

There are many variations of G minor.

Variation Description
G minor 7th a g minor chord containing G, Bb/A#, D, and F
G minor major 7th a G minor chord with a Major 7th.
G minor major a combination of G minor and G major.
G minor 6th a G minor chord with a Major 6th.
G minor 9th G minor 7th containing A.
G minor 2nd a G minor with Ab or G#.
G augmented minor the augmented version of G minor.
G diminished has C#/Db instead of D.
G minor 7th-5 G diminished with minor 7th.
G diminished 7th a G diminished with a major 6th.
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