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Giuseppe Mazzini
Lama, Domenico (1823-1890) - Giuseppe Mazzini.jpg
Photograph of Mazzini by Domenico Lama
Triumvir of the Rome
In office
5 February 1849 – 3 July 1849
Serving with Aurelio Saffi, Carlo Armellini
Preceded by Aurelio Saliceti
Succeeded by Aurelio Saliceti
Personal details
Born (1805-06-22)22 June 1805
Genoa, Gênes, French Empire
Died 10 March 1872(1872-03-10) (aged 66)
Pisa, Italy
Political party Young Italy (1831–48)
Action Party (1848–67)
Alma mater University of Genoa
  • Lawyer
  • Journalist
  • Writer

Philosophy career
Era 19th-century
School Romanticism
Main interests
History, theology, politics
Notable ideas
Pan-Europeanism, irridentism, popular democracy, class collaboration
Giuseppe Mazzini Signature.png

Giuseppe Mazzini (22 June 1805 – 10 March 1872) was an Italian patriot, philosopher, Freemason and politician. His efforts helped bring about the modern Italian state in place of the several separate states, many dominated by foreign powers, that existed until the 19th century. He also helped define the modern European movement for popular democracy in a republican state.


Karl Marx, on an interview by R. Landor in 1871, said that Mazzini's ideas represents "nothing better than the old idea of a middle-class republic." Marx believed, especially after the Revolutions of 1848, that this middle class point of view had become reactionary and the proletariat had nothing to do with it.

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