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Hartwell, Georgia
Buildings on Howell Street in 2018
Buildings on Howell Street in 2018
Location in Hart County and the state of Georgia
Location in Hart County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 34°21′10″N 82°55′52″W / 34.35278°N 82.93111°W / 34.35278; -82.93111Coordinates: 34°21′10″N 82°55′52″W / 34.35278°N 82.93111°W / 34.35278; -82.93111
Country United States
State Georgia
County Hart
Area
 • Total 5.05 sq mi (13.08 km2)
 • Land 5.04 sq mi (13.05 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
801 ft (244 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 4,469
 • Estimate 
(2019)
4,437
 • Density 880.71/sq mi (340.03/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
30643
Area code(s) 706
FIPS code 13-37144
GNIS feature ID 0331924

Hartwell is a city in Hart County, Georgia, United States. The population was 4,469 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Hart County.

History

Hartwell was founded in 1854 as seat of the newly formed Hart County. It was incorporated as a town in 1856 and as a city in 1904. The town was named for Revolutionary War figure Nancy Morgan Hart.

Geography

Hartwell is located at 34°21′10″N 82°55′52″W / 34.35278°N 82.93111°W / 34.35278; -82.93111 (34.352738, -82.931161). It sits upon the southern border of Lake Hartwell, which acquired its name from the city.

Hartwell is in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains and lies 78 miles from Georgia's highest peak, Brasstown Bald.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.6 square miles (12 km2), all land. Hartwell is part of the Upland South region.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 154
1880 443 187.7%
1900 1,672
1910 2,007 20.0%
1920 2,323 15.7%
1930 2,048 −11.8%
1940 2,372 15.8%
1950 2,964 25.0%
1960 4,599 55.2%
1970 4,865 5.8%
1980 4,855 −0.2%
1990 4,555 −6.2%
2000 4,188 −8.1%
2010 4,469 6.7%
2019 (est.) 4,437 −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,469 people. There were 2,266 housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 61.33% White, 34.53% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 1.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.07% of the population.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,128 and the median income for a family was $45,909. The per capita income for the city was $18,937. About 15.4% of families and 23.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.5% of those under age 18 and 20.6% of those age 65 or over.

Climate

Monthly normal and record high and low temperatures
Mon. Avg.
High
Avg.
Low
Avg. Rec.
High
Rec.
Low

Jan 53 °F 31 °F 41 °F 81 °F -5 °F
Feb 58 °F 35 °F 47 °F 80 °F 4  °F
Mar 65 °F 40 °F 53 °F 88 °F 5 °F
Apr 73 °F 49 °F 61 °F 94 °F 24 °F
May 81 °F 58 °F 70 °F 100 °F 33 °F
Jun 88 °F 67 °F 78 °F 106 °F 42 °F
Jul 91 °F 71 °F 81 °F 108 °F 53 °F
Aug 90 °F 70 °F 80 °F 106 °F 52 °F
Sep 83 °F 63 °F 73 °F 102 °F 34 °F
Oct 74 °F 51 °F 63 °F 98 °F 25 °F
Nov 65 °F 41 °F 53 °F 88 °F 11 °F
Dec 55 °F 33 °F 44 °F 80 °F 2 °F

Hartwell is located in the humid subtropical climate zone of the Southeastern United States. It is in the Piedmont Plateau region, along the eastern side of the Appalachian Mountains, at an elevation just above 800 feet. Due to some of the highest of elevations in the Appalachians being between Hartwell and Canada, this allows for slightly warmer conditions than areas further south such as Atlanta. One exception to this rule is called the "wedge" or cold air damming. This is due to a large high pressure system in eastern Canada driving colder drier air down against the eastern side of the Appalachian Mountain range. When this phenomenon is joined by gulf moisture, it frequently causes ice storms or freezing rain in the region. This same geographical feature can also cause frequent drought.

Hartwell averages 51.96 inches of precipitation annually. The average snowfall is two inches, although more can fall, and the city is just as likely to have no measurable snowfall in any given year. The Storm of the Century (1993) brought six inches of snow to the area.

Education

Hart County School District

The Hart County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of three elementary schools, a middle school, a high school, and an academy school. The district has 230 full-time teachers and over 3,564 students.

  • Hartwell Elementary School
  • North Hart Elementary School
  • South Hart Elementary School
  • Hart County Middle School
  • Hart County High School
  • Hart County Academy

Hart County Public Library

The Hart County Public Library was begun in 1938 with rooms over Homer Herndon's drug store, then moved to the County Courthouse in 1941 until 1968 when the courthouse burned down. It was then located in the County School Board building until funds were raised for a permanent building in 1975.

Notable people

See also: Category:People from Hartwell, Georgia
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