Haut-Rhin facts for kids
Prefecture building of the Haut-Rhin department, in Colmar
Location of Haut-Rhin in France
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• Total||3,525.2 km2 (1,361.1 sq mi)|
|• Density||215.629/km2 (558.476/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-68|
Haut-Rhin is a department in the Grand Est region of France, named after the Rhine river that flows along its eastern border. Its name means Upper Rhine. The prefecture (capital) of Haut-Rhin is Colmar.
In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the three districts were changed into five arrondissements: Colmar, Altkirch, Belfort, Delémont and Porrentruy. The arrondissements Delémont and Porrentruy were eliminated in 1814 and transferred to Switzerland.
The subprefecture of Altkirch was moved to Mulhouse in 1857.
In 1919, Haut-Rhin is again an department when the territory became part of France with the arrondissements Colmar-Ville, Colmar-Campagne, Altkirch, Guebwiller, Mulhouse, Ribeauvillé and Thann. Its capital is Colmar.
The arrondissements Colmar-Ville and Colmar-Campagne were combined in 1934 to form the arrondissement of Colmar.
In 2015, the arrondissements of Guebwiller and Ribeauvillé were eliminated and the name of the arrondissements of Thann and Colmar were changed to Thann-Guebwiller and Colmar-Ribeauvillé.
|Territoire de Belfort||Switzerland|
Haut-Rhin has an area of 3,525.2 km2 (1,361 sq mi). Its highest point is Grand Ballon () in the Vosges Mountains, in the eastern part of the department; it is 1,424 m (4,672 ft) high. The lowest point is 179 m (587 ft) high along the Rhine river.
The main river in the department is the Rhine that forms the eastern border of the department, and of France.
The area around Colmar, at an altitude of about 210 m (690 ft), is characterized by climates with few extremes of temperature. The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Strasbourg is a "Marine West Coast Climate" and of the subtype "Cfb".
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Strasbourg is 594.4 mm (23.4 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is June with 71.1 mm (2.8 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 33 mm (1.3 in).
The average temperature for the year in Strasbourg is 10 °C (50 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 18.9 °C (66.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 1.1 °C (34.0 °F).
- Altkirch (6801)
- Brunstatt (6802)
- Cernay (6803)
- Colmar-1 (6804)
- Colmar-2 (6805)
- Ensisheim (6806)
- Guebwiller (6807)
- Kingersheim (6808)
- Masevaux (6809)
- Mulhouse-1 (6810)
- Mulhouse-2 (6811)
- Mulhouse-3 (6812)
- Rixheim (6813)
- Saint-Louis (6814)
- Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines (6815)
- Wintzenheim (6816)
- Wittenheim (6817)
The inhabitants of the Haut-Rhin department are known, in French, as Haut-Rhinois or (women: Haut-Rhinoises),
Haut-Rhin had a population, in 2014, of 760,134, for a population density of 215.6 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Mulhouse, with 350,032 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.
Evolution of the population in Haut-Rhin
The 10 communes with more inhabitants in the Haut-Rhin department are:
Images for kids
Haut-Rhin Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.