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Mulhouse
Assemblage mulhouse.jpg
Flag of Mulhouse
Flag
Coat of arms of Mulhouse
Coat of arms
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Haut-Rhin
Arrondissement Mulhouse
Canton Mulhouse-1
Mulhouse-2
Mulhouse-3
Intercommunality Mulhouse Alsace Agglomération
Area
1
22.18 km2 (8.56 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)
111,167
 • Density 5,012.0/km2 (12,981.1/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Mulhousiens
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
68224 /68100
Elevation 231–336 m (758–1,102 ft)
(avg. 284 m or 932 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Mulhouse is a commune in Alsace in north-eastern France, in the Haut-Rhin department, of which it is a subprefecture. It is in the Grand Est region.

The commmune is in the historical and cultural region of Alsace, close to the Swiss and German borders.

History

Mulhouse dates back to the XIIth century. Medieval Mulhouse consists of an upper and a lower town.

  • The upper town developed from the 18th century on.
  • The lower town used to be the quarter of merchants and craftsmen. It developed around the Place de la Réunion (which commemorates its reunion with France). Nowadays this area is for pedestrians.

Geography

Mulhouse is in the southern part of the plain of Alsace in the Haut-Rhin department. Two rivers run through Mulhouse, the Doller and the Ill, both tributaries of the Rhine.

It has an area of 22.2 km2 (8.6 sq mi). Its average altitude is 284 m (932 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 255 m (837 ft).

The distances from Mulhouse to other cities are:

Mulhouse and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Mulhouse

The commune of Mulhouse is surrounded by the communes Riedisheim, Rixheim, Morschwiller-le-Bas and Pfastatt.

Climate

The area around Mulhouse, at an altitude of about 270 m (890 ft), is characterized by climates with few extremes of temperature. The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Strasbourg is a "Marine West Coast Climate" and of the subtype "Cfb".

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Mulhouse is 817.9 mm (32.2 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is June with 99.1 mm (3.9 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is January with an average of 40.6 mm (1.6 in).

The average temperature for the year in Mulhouse is 10 °C (50 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.4 °C (66.9 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 0.6 °C (33.1 °F).

Climate data for Mulhouse, Haut-Rhin, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3
(37)
6
(43)
11
(52)
15
(59)
20
(68)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
21
(70)
15
(59)
8
(46)
3
(37)
14.6
(58.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) --- 2
(36)
6
(43)
9
(48)
14
(57)
17
(63)
19
(66)
19
(66)
15
(59)
10
(50)
5
(41)
1
(34)
10
(50)
Average low °C (°F) -2
(28)
-1
(30)
1
(34)
4
(39)
8
(46)
11
(52)
13
(55)
13
(55)
10
(50)
6
(43)
2
(36)
-1
(30)
5.3
(41.6)
Rainfall mm (inches) 40
(1.57)
40
(1.57)
50
(1.97)
60
(2.36)
80
(3.15)
90
(3.54)
80
(3.15)
80
(3.15)
70
(2.76)
70
(2.76)
50
(1.97)
50
(1.97)
760
(29.92)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Population

Place de la Réunion in Mulhouse.

The inhabitants of Mulhouse are known, in French, as Mulhousiens (women: Mulhousiennes).

With a population of 111,167, Mulhouse has a population density of 5,012 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Mulhouse

Mulhouse forms, together with 19 other communes, the urban area of Mulhouse with a population of 246,693 inhabitants (2014) and an area of 239.1 km2 (92.3 sq mi). This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Mulhouse, formed by 60 communes with a population of 285,603 inhabitants and an area of 505.3 km2 (195.1 sq mi).

Administration

Mulhouse is a subprefecture of the Haut-Rhin department since 1857. It is the capital of the Mulhouse arrondissement and is also the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of 3 cantons:

  1. Mulhouse-1, formed with a part of Mulhouse, with 40,752 inhabitants (2014).
  2. Mulhouse-2, formed with a part of Mulhouse, with 42,558 inhabitants (2014).
  3. Mulhouse-3, formed with a part of Mulhouse and the commune Illzach, with 42,305 inhabitants (2014).

It is part of the intercommunality Mulhouse Alsace Agglomération.

Twin towns

Mulhouse is twinned with:

  • United Kingdom Walsall, England, since 1953
  • Belgium Antwerp, Belgium, since 1956
  • Germany Kassel, Germany, since 1965
  • Italy Bergamo, Italy, since 1989
  • United States Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States of America
  • Germany Chemnitz, Germany, since 1990
  • Israel Giv'atayim, Israel, since 1991
  • Romania Timişoara, Romania, since 1991 (Coopération décentralisée)
  • Russia Arkhangelsk, Russia, since 1992
  • Algeria El Khroub, Algeria, since 1999 (Coopération décentralisée)
  • Mali Sofara, Mali, since 2003 (Coopération décentralisée)

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