Hood River, Oregon facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Hood River, Oregon
City
Aerial photo of the city of Hood River
Aerial photo of the city of Hood River
Official seal of Hood River, Oregon
Seal
Nickname(s): Windsurfing Capital of the World
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Country United States
State Oregon
County Hood River
Incorporated 1895
Area
 • Total 3.35 sq mi (8.68 km2)
 • Land 2.55 sq mi (6.60 km2)
 • Water 0.80 sq mi (2.07 km2)
Elevation 160 ft (50 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,167
 • Estimate (2012) 7,292
 • Density 2,810.6/sq mi (1,085.2/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97031
Area code(s) 458 and 541
FIPS code 41-34900
GNIS feature ID 1136388
Website www.ci.hood-river.or.us

The city of Hood River is the seat of Hood River County, Oregon, United States. It is a port on the Columbia River, and is named for the nearby Hood River. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 7,167.

History

Hood River (originally called Dog River) post office was established (named by Mary Coe) at the site of the present city on September 30, 1858, and the city itself was incorporated in 1895. Originally, the city was part of Wasco County, but it became the seat of Hood River County when the county was first established in 1908.

Geography

Hood River is at the confluence of the Hood River and the Columbia River in the heart of the Columbia River Gorge. The city is about 30 miles (48 km) north of Mount Hood, the tallest peak in the state. It is across the Columbia River from White Salmon, Washington. South of the city is the Hood River Valley, known for its production of apples, pears, and cherries.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.35 square miles (8.68 km2), of which, 2.55 square miles (6.60 km2) is land and 0.80 square miles (2.07 km2) is water.

Climate

Located at the transition zone between wet temperate rainforest to the west, and dry shrub-steppe desert to the east, Hood River has a moderate climate with rainy winters and warm summers, although rainfall there is somewhat less than Portland and other nearby areas in the Willamette Valley. Hood River averages around 30 inches (760 mm) of precipitation a year, while Cascade Locks, 20 miles (32 km) west, receives over 75 inches (1,900 mm), and The Dalles, 20 miles (32 km) east, less than 15 inches (380 mm). The area is known for its consistently high winds channeling down the Columbia River Gorge.

Temperatures for the year as a whole are slightly cooler than most other low-elevation towns in the region, especially at night due to air drainage off the surrounding mountains. As a rule of thumb, Hood River temperatures are similar to those of Portland in the summer, but more like The Dalles in the winter.

Climate data for Hood River, Oregon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 42.1
(5.61)
47.1
(8.39)
54.8
(12.67)
61.2
(16.22)
68.7
(20.39)
74.4
(23.56)
81.7
(27.61)
82.2
(27.89)
76.1
(24.5)
63.5
(17.5)
49.4
(9.67)
40.2
(4.56)
61.8
(16.56)
Daily mean °F (°C) 36.1
(2.28)
38.8
(3.78)
44.9
(7.17)
50.0
(10)
56.8
(13.78)
62.3
(16.83)
68.0
(20)
67.7
(19.83)
61.0
(16.11)
50.8
(10.44)
41.7
(5.39)
34.8
(1.56)
51.08
(10.597)
Average low °F (°C) 30.2
(-1)
30.6
(-0.78)
34.9
(1.61)
38.8
(3.78)
44.8
(7.11)
50.3
(10.17)
54.4
(12.44)
53.3
(11.83)
45.9
(7.72)
38.0
(3.33)
34.1
(1.17)
29.4
(-1.44)
40.4
(4.67)
Precipitation inches (mm) 5.21
(132.3)
3.97
(100.8)
2.98
(75.7)
1.76
(44.7)
1.30
(33)
0.87
(22.1)
0.29
(7.4)
0.31
(7.9)
0.95
(24.1)
2.26
(57.4)
5.41
(137.4)
5.98
(151.9)
31.30
(795)
Snowfall inches (cm) 8.3
(21.1)
6.0
(15.2)
0.8
(2)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
2.1
(5.3)
8.2
(20.8)
25.5
(64.8)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in.) 18.6 14.9 15.4 12.7 9.3 6.2 2.2 2.2 4.7 10.7 19.2 18.1 134.1
Source: NOAA

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 200
1890 201 0.5%
1900 766 281.1%
1910 2,331 204.3%
1920 3,195 37.1%
1930 2,757 −13.7%
1940 3,280 19.0%
1950 3,701 12.8%
1960 3,657 −1.2%
1970 3,991 9.1%
1980 4,329 8.5%
1990 4,632 7.0%
2000 5,831 25.9%
2010 7,167 22.9%
Est. 2015 7,624 6.4%
source:

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 7,167 people, 2,972 households, and 1,728 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,810.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,085.2/km2). There were 3,473 housing units at an average density of 1,362.0 per square mile (525.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was:

  • 62.9% White
  • 24.4% Hispanic or Latino,
  • 0.5% African American,
  • 0.6% Native American,
  • 1.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander,
  • 7.4% from other races, and
  • 3.0% from two or more races.

There were 2,972 households of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.9% were non-families. 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.12.

The median age in the city was 36.3 years. 25.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.6% were from 25 to 44; 23.5% were from 45 to 64; and 12.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,831 people, 2,429 households, and 1,442 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,839.4 people per square mile (1,098.2 per km²). There were 2,645 housing units at an average density of 1,288.0 per square mile (498.2 per km²). The racial makeup of the city was:

  • 57.66% White
  • 23.17% Hispanic or Latino
  • 1.15% Asian
  • 0.99% Native American
  • 0.60% African American
  • 0.19% Pacific Islander
  • 13.58% from other races
  • 2.66% from two or more races.

There were 2,429 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.6% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city, the population was spread out with:

  • 26.2% under the age of 18
  • 9.7% from 18 to 24
  • 32.6% from 25 to 44
  • 18.5% from 45 to 64
  • 13.1% 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,580, and the median income for a family was $35,568. Males had a median income of $31,583 versus $24,764 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,609. About 12.1% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.7% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

Hood River Bicyclists (Hood River County, Oregon scenic images) (hooD0006a)
Hood River bicyclists

Annual events

Annual cultural events include the Hood River Valley Blossom Festival, which takes place in April, the Hood River Hops Fest, and the Hood River Valley Harvest Fest, both in October. FoodandWine.com identified the Harvest Fest as one of the Best Harvest Festivals in 2012. The annual Gorge Games, aired on Fox Sports in August, feature professional competitions in ten sports such as windsurfing, kitesurfing, outrigger canoeing, and rock climbing. Hood River hosted the US Windsurfing National Championships in 2009 and the Mount Hood Cycling Classic from 2002 to 2013.

Museums and other points of interest

Columbia Gorge Hotel rear - Hood River Oregon
Columbia Gorge Hotel, listed on the National Register of Historic Places

Hood River is home to the History Museum of Hood River County, the International Museum of Carousel Art, and the Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum (WAAAM). Hood River has over two dozen sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including the Columbia Gorge Hotel, built in 1920 by Portland timber baron and Columbia Gorge booster Simon Benson. The oldest house in the city is the Ezra L. Smith home, which he built in 1886 for his family.

Parks and recreation

Hood River is the western gateway to the Mount Hood Scenic Byway and to a major section of the Historic Columbia River Highway. Hood River is considered a "sports mecca" and offers some of the best spots for windsurfing, kitesurfing, kayaking, stand up paddleboarding, skiing and mountain biking—all for which it draws considerable national attention from many media outlets, such as National Geographic Adventure. The Port Commission has built a protected harbor for learning windsurfing called "The Hook". The city also features the family and wind-sport friendly Waterfront Park, a public pool, skate park, biking trails, and several small public parks and ball fields. The valley is also home to two 18-hole golf courses.

Sister cities

Hood River has one sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Images for kids


Hood River, Oregon Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.