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Hoover, Alabama
Riverchase Galleria
Riverchase Galleria
Location of Hoover in Jefferson County and Shelby County, Alabama.
Location of Hoover in Jefferson County and Shelby County, Alabama.
Country United States
State Alabama
Counties Jefferson, Shelby
Settled 1850s
Incorporated (city) April 28, 1967
Area
 • City 49.04 sq mi (127.01 km2)
 • Land 48.07 sq mi (124.50 km2)
 • Water 0.97 sq mi (2.51 km2)
Elevation
577 ft (166 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • City 92,606
 • Rank US: 397th
AL: 6th
 • Density 1,926.48/sq mi (743.81/km2)
 • Metro
1,151,801 (US: 49th)
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
35216, 35226, 35236, 35242, 35244
Area code(s) 205 & 659
FIPS code 01-35896
GNIS feature ID 0120346

Hoover is a city in Jefferson and Shelby counties in north central Alabama, United States. The largest suburb of Birmingham, the city had a population of 92,606 as of the 2020 US Census. Hoover is part of the Birmingham-Hoover, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area and is also included in the Birmingham-Hoover-Talladega, AL Combined Statistical Area. Hoover's territory is along the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains.

The Birmingham Barons Minor League Baseball team, which traces its history to 1885, played its home games at the 10,800-seat Hoover Metropolitan Stadium until 2013, when it moved to Regions Field in the Parkside District of Birmingham.

History

Hoover AL Public Library hallway
Hoover Public Library

The City of Hoover was incorporated in 1967. It was named after William H. Hoover, a local insurance company owner. The area had been known as the Green Valley community since the 1930s and was mostly a residential community. In the late 1970s and early 1980s the city was still mostly residential with a small City Hall that included space for the police department. The annexation of the Riverchase business and residential community on September 8, 1980 provided a base of large office buildings and employers to the city. A significant change to the city occurred when Interstate I-459 was opened with a major interchange with Interstate I-65 within the city. The most dramatic change occurred in 1986 when the Riverchase Galleria shopping-hotel-office complex opened. This significantly increased the tax revenue for the city. It was the catalyst to bring new residents and businesses to the city. The city has grown extremely fast with annexations and new developments. The city now provides services from many large city facilities including a Municipal Center, a Library, and a Public Safety Center. Residents and businesses are drawn to the city because of the rolling hills and nice residential areas, schools, city services, shopping, and business communities. The city will likely continue to boom population wise; the population has risen significantly in Hoover from 2008 and is now 81,619 as of the 2010 Census.

Geography

Hoover is located at 33°23′11″N 86°48′18″W / 33.386435°N 86.804938°W / 33.386435; -86.804938.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 43.65 square miles (113.1 km2), of which 43.13 square miles (111.7 km2) is land and 0.51 square miles (1.3 km2) (1.17%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970 688
1980 18,996 2,661.0%
1990 39,788 109.5%
2000 62,742 57.7%
2010 81,619 30.1%
2020 92,606 13.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
2018 Estimate

At the 2000 census, there were 62,742 people in 25,191 households, including 17,406 families, in the city. The population density was 1,454.6 people per square mile (561.7/km2). There were 27,150 housing units at an average density of 629.4 per square mile (243.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.66% White, 6.77% Black, 0.16% Native American, 2.89% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.40% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 3.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 25,191 households 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 25.9% of households were one person and 6.3% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.00.

The age distribution was 24.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, The median household income was $75,365, and the median family income was $89,513. Males had a median income of $55,660 versus $34,836 for females. The per capita income for the city was $33,361. About 2.1% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

At the 2010 census, there were 84,126 people in 32,478 households, including 22,476 families, in the city. The population density was 1,870.3 people per square mile (722.3/km2). There were 35,474 housing units at an average density of 812.9 per square mile (313.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 75.1% White, 14.8% Black, 0.2% Native American, 5.1% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 3.2% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. 6.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 32,478 households 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.8% were non-families. 25.8% of households were one person and 7.6% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.02.

The age distribution was 25.0% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% 65 or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.

The median household income was $72,960 and the median family income was $94,066. Males had a median income of $65,023 versus $44,525 for females. The per capita income for the city was $39,141. About 3.4% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Hoover is served by two interstate highways, 65 and 459, with a major interchange near the center of the city. Major arterial roads include U.S. Route 31 as a north-south route through the middle of the city, U.S. Route 280 in the eastern portion of the city, Route 150 as an east-west road connecting the city center to the western side, and Valleydale Road connecting Route 31 and Route 280. Hoover is also served by the Metropolitan Area Express (MAX) bus system.

Communities

  • Acton
  • Altadena
  • Bluff Park
  • Caldwell Mill
  • Chace Lake
  • Country Club Highlands
  • Deer Valley
  • Georgetown
  • Green Valley
  • Greystone
  • Inverness
  • Lake Cyrus
  • Patton Chapel
  • Riverchase
  • Rocky Ridge
  • Ross Bridge
  • Russet Woods
  • Shades Mountain
  • Shoal Creek
  • Southlake
  • The Preserve
  • Trace Crossings

Parks

  • Aldridge Gardens
  • Bluff Park Community Center and Playground
  • Blue Ridge Park
  • Georgetown Park
  • Howard Lake Park
  • Inverness Park
  • Loch Haven Park
  • Moss Rock Preserve
  • Ross Park
  • Russet Woods Park
  • Star Lake Park
  • Veterans Park
  • Wildflower Park

Points of interest

  • Aldridge Botanical Gardens
  • Hoover Metropolitan Stadium (formerly Regions Park), home of the SEC baseball tournament
  • Riverchase Galleria
  • Ross Bridge Golf Resort and Spa, which boasts the third-longest golf course in the world

Economy

The Riverchase Galleria shopping-hotel-office complex generates tax revenues for the city; it is also the location of numerous retail, hotel, and office workers. The Riverchase Office Park, and other office parks and buildings throughout Hoover, house many large corporations. Major shopping centers in the city include Riverchase Galleria on US 31, Patton Creek on SR 150, and Village at Lee Branch on US 280. The Central Business District is intersected by US 31, SR 150, and US 280. I-65 and I-459 intersect in the city.

Largest taxpayers

Hoover 2015 annual financial report, ranking by largest sales and use taxpayers:

  • Costco
  • Wal-Mart
  • Sam's Club
  • Belk
  • Target
  • Regions Bank
  • Publix
  • Home Depot
  • Best Buy
  • Macy's

Largest employers

  • Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Alabama (company headquarters) - 3,000
  • Hoover Board of Education - 1,773
  • Regions Financial (operations center) - 1,765
  • AT&T Inc. (data center) - 1,143
  • City of Hoover - 745
  • Walmart (two supercenters and two Neighborhood Market stores) - 650
  • T-Mobile 500
  • BE&K - 302

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Hoover High School Facade
Hoover High School

Hoover is served by Hoover City Schools. It has ten elementary schools, three middle schools, and two high schools, Spain Park High School and Hoover High School. Both schools have ranked high for excellent academics, being rated close to the top five-hundred schools in the country. During the 2005–2006 school year, some 2,451 students enrolled in Hoover High School, 1,400 in Spain Park High School, with a total of 11,433 students in the Hoover City School system. Spain Park received the National Blue Ribbon Award in 2008.

Berry Middle School, which served as the city's first high school before the present Hoover High was constructed, was closed after the 2005–2006 academic year. Students were moved to a new Berry Middle School constructed near the site of Spain Park High School. A poll of residents in 2007 favored selling the school, possibly to the independent Shades Mountain Christian School. Simmons Middle School and Bumpus Middle School are the city's other middle schools.

Given the population expansion, the city built Riverchase Elementary to relieve overcrowding of some schools. The student population bubble is advancing in the system, and in the 2011–2012 academic year, Bumpus Middle School and its students were relocated to the former freshman center of Hoover High School. The former Bumpus site became Brock's Gap Intermediate School in 2011. The former Berry site became the current Bumpus Middle School in 2011. Brock's Gap served 5th and 6th graders until 2018 when Hoover Rezoning went into effect. They now serve 3rd, 4th, and 5th graders. Bumpus Middle School served only 7th and 8th graders until 2018 because of Hoover Rezoning. They now serve 6th, 7th, and 8th graders.

Colleges and universities

The Shelby-Hoover campus of the Jefferson State Community College is in Shelby County, is in Hoover, near Spain Park High School. Faulkner University has a campus on Valleydale Road; The University of Alabama in Birmingham (UAB) in downtown Birmingham is only 8–10 miles away, and features the premier medical school of Alabama.

Miscellaneous education

The Birmingham Supplementary School Inc. (BSS, バーミングハム日本語補習校 Bāminguhamu Nihongo Hoshūkō), a part-time Japanese school, holds its classes at the Shelby-Hoover campus. Its office is at the Honda Manufacturing of Alabama, LLC facility in unincorporated Talladega County, near Lincoln. The school opened on September 1, 2001.

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