Hopkinton, Massachusetts facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
|• Type||Open town meeting|
|• Total||28.2 sq mi (72.9 km2)|
|• Land||26.6 sq mi (68.8 km2)|
|• Water||1.6 sq mi (4.2 km2)|
|Elevation||410 ft (125 m)|
|• Density||529.3/sq mi (204.73/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern)|
(Woodville P.O. Boxes)
|Area code(s)||508 / 774|
|GNIS feature ID||0619400|
|Established by Edward Hopkins|
Hopkinton is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, less than 30 miles (48 km) west of Boston. The town is best known as the starting point of the Boston Marathon, held annually on Patriots' Day in April, and as the headquarters for the enterprise-oriented Dell EMC. At the 2010 census, the town had a population of 14,925. The US Census recognizes a village within the town known as Woodville, reporting a population of 2,550.
- Points of interest
- Places of worship
- Public buildings
- Historic homes
The town of Hopkinton was incorporated on December 13, 1715. Hopkinton was named for an early colonist of Connecticut, Edward Hopkins, who left a large sum of money to be invested in land in New England, the proceeds of which were to be used for the benefit of Harvard University. The trustees of Harvard purchased land from the Native American residents with money from the fund and incorporated the area, naming it in honor of its benefactor. During King George's War, natives raided the town, taking captives to Quebec.
Grain was the first production crop grown in the area, while fruit and dairy industries were developed later. Agriculture predominated until 1840 when the boot and shoe industries were introduced into the town. By 1850 eleven boot and shoe factories were established in Hopkinton. Fires in 1882 and the migration of those industries to other parts of the country eliminated these industries from Hopkinton.
There are 215 Hopkinton properties listed in the State Register of Historic Places. The majority, 187, are located within the Cedar Swamp Archaeological District in Hopkinton and Westborough. The properties are also listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
Twenty-three properties are included within the Hopkinton Center Historic District, a local historic district which comprises properties around the Town Common, on East Main St. and the south side of Main St. The district was expanded in 2000 to include the Town Hall and in 2001 to include Center School. The Hopkinton Supply Company Building on Main St., located slightly west of the district, is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Former factory worker housing in the center of town, contrasted against the more rural areas surrounding it, are visual reminders of Hopkinton’s past.
In 2005 the town established a second historic district in the village of Woodville. Ninety-seven properties are included within this district. The village of Woodville has retained its distinctive village atmosphere and strong architectural connection to Hopkinton’s industrial development and growth from the mid-to-late 19th century. The area was an early cotton clothmaking center and the site of a major shoe factory. When Boston seized Lake Whitehall for its water supply in 1894, the factories along its shores were closed or moved to other sites, as they were considered sources of pollution. Remaining factories and other buildings were destroyed in a fire in 1909. In the 18th century, it was an agricultural area with a few farms scattered north of the much smaller Lake Whitehall and its accompanying cedar swamp, and was the site of a grist mill on Whitehall Brook as early as 1714.
Within or near the Miscoe-Warren-Whitehall Watersheds ACEC (Area of Critical Environmental Concern), remains of large pits have been found. The pits were lined with bark by the Native Americans and used to store corn over the winter months.
At one time, it was believed that the waters flowing from the large swamp south of Pond St., under Pond St. and into Lake Whitehall contained magical healing powers. As a result, the area quickly was built up as a resort area. Visitors came by stagecoach to the Hopkinton Hotel, which was located between Pond St. and the lake. The mineral baths and their powers lured the visitors to the area. The baths can still be viewed by the edge of the stream that drains from the swamp. Within the ACEC area are also two beehive shaped stone structures, about 6 feet (1.8 m) tall. Their origin and use are unknown.
Hopkinton gains national attention once a year in April as it hosts the start of the Boston Marathon, a role the town has enjoyed since 1924. The town takes pride in its hospitality as runners from all over the world gather in Hopkinton to begin the 26.2-mile (42.2 km) run to Boston.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.2 square miles (73.0 km2), of which 26.6 square miles (68.9 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), or 5.82%, is water.
Hopkinton is 17 miles (27 km) east of Worcester, 26 miles (42 km) west of Boston, and 195 miles (314 km) from New York City.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the census-designated place for the village has a total area of 1.5 square miles (4.0 km2), of which 1.5 square miles (4.0 km2) is land and 0.22% is water.
Hopkinton is located in eastern Massachusetts, bordered by six towns:
The climate in Hopkinton tends to be quite warm during the summer, with daily high temperatures averaging in the 80s. Temperatures in the 90s are also known to occur between June and August as high-pressure air masses push in from the south. Winters are typical of areas inland and west of Boston. Snowfall averages near 60" but can vary tremendously from season to season.
The warmest month of the year is July with an average minimum and maximum temperature of 65 °F (18 °C) and 84 °F (29 °C) respectively. The coldest month of the year is January with an average minimum and maximum temperature of 16 and 35 °F (−9 and 2 °C) respectively.
Temperature variations between night and day tend to be fairly limited during summer with a difference that can reach 18 °F (10 °C), and fairly limited during winter with an average difference of 16 °F (8.9 °C).
The annual average precipitation at Hopkinton is 51.25 inches (1,302 mm). Rainfall is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year. The wettest month of the year is November with an average rainfall of 4.69 inches (119 mm).
|Normal temperature in January (max/min average)||25.5 °F (−3.6 °C)|
|Normal temperature in July (max/min average)||74.5 °F (23.6 °C)|
|Normal annual precipitation||44.9 inches (1,140 mm)|
- See also: List of Massachusetts locations by per capita income
|* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.
As of the census of 2010, there were 14,925 people, 4,957 households, and 3,978 families residing in the town. The population density was 568.4 inhabitants per square mile (219.5/km2). There were 5,128 housing units at an average density of 195.3 per square mile (75.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 93.1% White, 0.8% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 4.4% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population.
There were 4,957 households out of which 48.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.5% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.7% were non-families. 16.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.38.
Population was well-distributed by age, with 33.6% under the age of 20, 3.4% from 20 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 33.0% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.3 years. For every 100 females there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.4 males.
As of 2000, the median income for a household in the town was $89,281, and the median income for a family was $102,550. Males had a median income of $71,207 versus $42,360 for females. The per capita income for the town was $41,469. About 1.3% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,628 people, 1,003 households, and 672 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 611.3/km² (1,584.3/mi²). There were 1,024 housing units at an average density of 238.2/km² (617.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 97.18% White, 0.34% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.91% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.05% of the population.
There were 1,003 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 85.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.3 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $52,250, and the median income for a family was $68,050. Males had a median income of $48,050 versus $37,862 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $23,878. About 2.9% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.
The Hopkinton Public Library was founded in 1867. It has been located in the heart of downtown, just steps away from the Town Common, since 1895. Until 1955, bequests were the only source of funding for the library. Since that time, the town government has been appropriating public funds for employee salaries, cost of cleaning the Library, utilities and assistance with the purchase of books. The library is now funded through various sources that include the Town Government, The McGovern Trust Fund, Annual State Aid and Friends of the Library.
The town library was established by the Young Men's Christian Association in 1867. Seven members served as the Trustees, incorporated the Library and adopted by-laws for the government of the Library in 1890. The current building was built in 1895 with contributions from local and former residents of Hopkinton. The second floor was used as a lecture hall and was remodeled later as a children’s room. A gallery was built to connect the Library building with the adjacent Episcopal Church after extensive renovation in 1967. This new section was named after the head librarian at the time, Mrs. Betty Strong. A special feature of the reading room is a stain glass window with a motif of water fountain bubbling water flowing over an open book and the inscription on the page reads "The fountain of wisdom flows through books.” The large hall clock that still stands near the circulation desk was presented to the Library by Mrs. F.V. Thompson and Mr. Abram Crooks.
The library was transferred to the town government in May 2010. Five members were appointed as the Library Trustees. Starting from May 2011, election will be held for the members of the Library Board of Trustees during the Annual Town Meeting.
In January 2016, the library moved to a temporary location at 65 South Street while the historic building on Main Street undergoes a major renovation and expansion.
Hopkinton is situated 26 miles (42 km) west of Boston in the MetroWest region of Massachusetts. Interstate Route 495 divides the town into east and west zones, which are connected by numerous spokes providing direct access to the airport and other communities in the Greater Boston Metropolitan Area.
Hopkinton is served by two interstate highways and two state highways. Interstates 90 (the Massachusetts Turnpike) and 495, form an interchange on the northern border of Hopkinton and neighboring Westborough. Proximity to Route 9 (The Boston/Worcester Turnpike) and Route 30 in Westborough, gives additional access to east/west destinations.
Principal highways are:
- Interstate 90 (Massachusetts Turnpike) (east/west) (the longest interstate highway in the United States)
- Interstate 495 (north/south)
- State Route 135 (east/west)
- State Route 85 (north/south)
Nearby major intersections
There is no passenger or freight rail service in Hopkinton.
Hopkinton is served by the Southborough MBTA Station, located on the border of Hopkinton and Southborough on Route 85 at Southville Road. MBTA commuter rail service is available to South Station and Back Bay Station, Boston, via the MBTA Framingham-Worcester Commuter Rail Line which connects South Station in Boston and Union Station in Worcester. Travel time to Back Bay is about 50 minutes.
Originally called the Framingham Commuter Rail Line, Framingham was the end of the line until rail traffic was expanded to Worcester in 1996. The line also serves the communities of Newton, Wellesley, Natick, Ashland, Southborough, Westborough and Grafton.
Direct rail service to Boston, to New York, and to many other points on the Amtrak network (National Railroad Passenger Corporation) is available through nearby Framingham.
CSX Transportation provides freight rail service and operates an auto transloading facility in nearby Framingham.
- Hopkinton is a Member Community of the MetroWest Regional Transit Authority, which provides local bus service to several towns in the MetroWest area, with service to the MBTA commuter rail station at Framingham.
- Big W Transportation provides service to Framingham.
- Peter Pan Bus Lines provides service to Worcester and Boston from Framingham.
Boston's Logan International Airport is easily accessible from nearby Framingham. MassPort provides public transportation to all airport terminals from Framingham via the Logan Express bus service seven days per week. The bus terminal and paid parking facility are located on the Shoppers' World Mall property, off the Massachusetts Turnpike Exit 13, between Route 9 and Route 30, at the intersections of East Road and the Burr Street connector.
The Worcester Municipal Airport, a Primary Commercial (PR) facility with scheduled passenger service, is easily accessible. It has two asphalt runways 5,500 and 6,900 ft (1,700 and 2,100 m) long. Instrument approaches available include precision and non-precision.
Park and ride services:
- MassDOT operates a free park and ride facility at the parking lot at the intersection of Flutie Pass and East Road on the south side of Shoppers' World Mall.
- MassDOT also operates a free park and ride facility at a parking lot adjacent to exit 12 of the Massachusetts Turnpike, across from California Avenue on the west side of Framingham.
Points of interest
- Hopkinton State Park, part of the Massachusetts State Park system is located on Route 85 (Cordaville Road).
- Whitehall State Park is located on Route 135/Wood Street in Hopkinton.
- June 2014 - Hopkinton made the 'SafeWise 50 Safest Cities in Massachusetts'
- 2013 National Citizen Survey results conducted by the National Research Center
- 2012 - Hopkinton ranked 4th in the Central MA's Best Communities 2012 round-up
- 2009 - Money magazine ranks Hopkinton 19th best place to live
- Start of the Boston Marathon - Starting in 1924, when the Boston Athletic Association moved the starting line from Ashland, Hopkinton has garnered worldwide attention.
Places of worship
- Community Covenant Church
- Faith Community Church of Hopkinton
- Islamic Masumeen Center
- Korean Presbyterian Church
- St John the Evangelist
- St Paul's Episcopal Church
- Vineyard Church of Hopkinton
- Woodville Baptist Church
Public buildings in Hopkinton:
|1775||13 Main St||Library|
|1850||98 Hayden Rowe St||Cultural Arts Alliance|
|1890||11 Ash St||Center School|
|1894||85 Main St||Old High School|
|1900||234 Wood St||Woodville Post Office|
|1902||18 Main St||Town Hall|
|1950||88 Hayden Rowe St||Middle School|
|1964||14 Elm St||Elmwood School|
|1973||83 Wood St||Dept of Public Works|
|1996||73 Main St||Fire Department|
|1997||104 Hayden Rowe St||Hopkins School|
|1999||5 Cedar St||Hopkinton Post Office|
|2001||90 Hayden Rowe St||High School|
|2003||74 Main St||Police Department|
|2005||28 Mayhew St||Senior Center|
The Town of Hopkinton established a historical commission which manages “the preservation, protection and development of the historical or archeological assets of such city or town”. Projects include conducting research for places of historic or archeological value, assisting cooperatively with others engaged in such research, and carrying out other initiatives for the purpose of protecting and preserving such places.
National Register of Historic Places
Hopkinton has two properties in the register.
- Cedar Swamp Archeological District, Address Restricted. Listed 1988-05-23
- Hopkinton Supply Company Building, 26-28 Main Street. Listed 1983-03-10
Homes built in the 1700's
The 26 homes below were built in Hopkinton in 18th century.
|1715||21||East Main Street|
|1730||5||East Main Street|
|1743||50||Hayden Rowe Street|
|1750||149||Hayden Rowe Street|
|1750||192||Hayden Rowe Street|
|1750||41||East Main Street|
|1750||123||East Main Street|
|1775||13||East Main Street|
|1785||152||Hayden Rowe Street|
|1790||47||East Main Street|
Homes built in the 1800's
The 188 homes below were built in Hopkinton in 19th century.
|1800||43||East Main St.|
|1800||11||West Main St.|
|1800||17||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1800||128||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1800||180||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1818||181||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1820||20||East Main St.|
|1820||109||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1828||140||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1830||2||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1830||157||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1830||1||West Main St.|
|1830||2||West Main St.|
|1840||82||East Main St.|
|1840||52||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1840||158||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1840||159||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1850||15||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1850||16||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1850||108||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1850||188||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1856||24||East Main St.|
|1860||103||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1860||106||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1860||146||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1860||177||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1860||195||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1863||112||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1865||4||West Main St.|
|1865||143||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1865||174||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1865||175||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1865||175||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1865||184||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1865||185||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1865||190||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1865||6||West Main St.|
|1870||7||West Main St.|
|1870||147||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1870||156||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1870||167||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1875||7||East Main St.|
|1875||83||East Main St.|
|1875||107||East Main St.|
|1875||28||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1880||19||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1880||48||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1880||121||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1880||145||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1880||151||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1880||16||West Main St.|
|1880||31||West Main St.|
|1890||9||West Main St.|
|1890||64||West Main St.|
|1890||86||West Main St.|
|1890||14||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1890||193||Hayden Rowe St.|
|1890||32||East Main St.|
|1890||111||East Main St.|
|1890||15||East Main St.|
Hopkinton, Massachusetts Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.