kids encyclopedia robot

Interior design facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Lobby Hotel Bristol w Warszawie
The lobby of Hotel Bristol, Warsaw
Balliol College Dining Hall, Oxford - Diliff
A historical example: Balliol College Dining Hall, Oxford

Interior design is the art and science of enhancing the interiors of a space or building to achieve a healthier and more aesthetically pleasing environment for the end user. An interior designer is someone who plans, researches, coordinates, and manages such projects. Interior design is a multifaceted profession that includes conceptual development, space planning, site inspections, programming, research, communicating with the stakeholders of a project, construction management, and execution of the design.

Interior designer

Vlkolínec, Slovakia 020
Typical interior of one of the houses in the Folk Architecture Reservation in Vlkolínec (Slovakia)
Michelin two-starred Shang Palace main dining hall
Interior design in a restaurant

An interior designer is a person who creates a solution of any interior space. Also, he works on layout spaces of building and technical issues such as lighting, sounds, and temperature (air ducts).

Important things in interior designing include color balancing (matching colors), understanding how colors affect space and moods, knowledge of fabrics, building and electrical codes, and styles and trends.

These steps are required for an interior designer to do a perfect job.

  • First step the designer must prepare: Feasibility (prospect) studies, space planning, check budget, design idea, finish selections, what the character of furniture is, art is and accessory selection and placement, project management, move management, and bid management.
  • Next the schematic (planning) design step is the following activities: Drawings and sketches (quick drawing) of proposed floor plans, details, elevations, and perspectives. Then the interior designer discusses all plans with the customer. The drawings most often made by interior designers are floor plans, architectural details, electrical plans, ceiling plans, and furniture plans.


Firepit AIMCO community
The interior of a private residence
Electric wire reel reused in a furniture ecodesign
An electric wire reel reused as a center table in a Rio de Janeiro decoration fair

There are specific types of interior design and specializations. Some types of interior design are residential design, commercial design, hospitality design, healthcare design, universal design, exhibition design, and spatial branding.

Residential design

The designer tries to help customers look after their needs at home, their personality, and style and goals which make the home more comfortable. The designer should dose what the home needs, such as security and convenience.

Commercial design

Commercial interior designers design public spaces such as office buildings, community centers, museums, hotels, stores, warehouses, and libraries. In commercial design the designer have to create an environment that includes function and aesthetics. A commercial interior designer's work includes selecting paint colors, choosing artwork, accounting for acoustics and lighting, picking appropriate furniture, and placing all these together in the manner most appropriate to the venue. Recently commercial interior designers have worked with indoor plants and agro-inventions such as the Grofie Greenwall, which allows firms to bring a tropical forest, vegetable or herb garden right into the office, in order to reconnect office workers with nature.

Hospitality design

Вариант оформления кухонного фартука керамической плиткой с сублимационной печатью
Kitchen interior design
Dude Rancher Lodge Lobby 01
Dude Rancher Lodge Lobby interior

Hospitality designers design the places which have any relationship between guest and host such as hotels. This includes the reception and entertainment of guests, visitors or strangers, resorts, membership clubs, conventions, attractions, special events, and other services for travelers and tourists.

Healthcare design

Healthcare design is related to hospitals and how to make a good space to make the patient and staff very comfortable. Healthcare designers compare the evidence-based design with evidence-based medicine; that knowledge can help ensures that future healthcare facilities are built to improve clinical outcomes. In addition deeper understanding of the relationship between the built environment and quality of care will help ensure that healthcare facilities are designed to meet the diverse needs of patients, families, and staff.

Universal design

Universal design is the design for all people around the world and to creating environments and products those are usable by all people to the greatest extent possible.

Exhibition design

There are many different types of exhibit, ranging from museum exhibitions, to retail and trades show spaces, to themed attractions, zoos and visitor centers. All types of exhibits aim to communicate a message through engaging their audiences in meaningful and compelling interactions. Use a wide range of technologies and techniques to develop experiences that will resonate with diverse audiences–enabling these targeted audiences to access the messages, stories and objects of an exhibit.

Famous interior designers

Frank Lloyd Wright - Fallingwater interior 3
Kitchen interior design
Kitchen interior design
Pink theme bedroom interior design
Interior of Nova Express Cafe
Interior of Nova Express Cafe
Early interior designers
  • Jean-Henri Jansen (1854–1928)
  • Elsie de Wolfe (1865–1950)
  • Ogden Codman (1863–1951)
  • Frances Elkins (1888–1953)
  • Frank Lloyd Wright (1867–1959)
  • Fritz August Breuhaus (1883–1960)
  • Stephan Bouldin (1880–1967)
  • Emilio Terry (1890–1969)
  • Dorothy Draper (1889–1969)
Modern interior designers
Celebrity interior designers
  • Rachel Ashwell
  • Laurence Llewelyn-Bowen
  • Linda Barker
  • Nina Campbell
  • Tara Bernard

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Diseño interior para niños

kids search engine
Interior design Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.