Internal conflict in Myanmar facts for kids

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Internal conflict in Myanmar
Date 1948 – present
(71 years)
Location Myanmar (Burma)
Status Ongoing
  • Fighting since Myanmar separated from the United Kingdom in 1948
  • Major ethnic fighting in Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Rakhine, and Shan State
  • In 2011, the military government stops their rule over Myanmar
  • Numerous peace deals signed by many groups since 2011
  • Ongoing violence between government soldiers and rebels
Territorial
changes
Semi-independent "self-administered zones" created for ethnic minorities in 2010
Participants
Myanmar Republic of the Union of Myanmar
  • Myanmar Armed Forces Emblem.svg Myanmar Armed Forces

Past combatants:
Flag of Burma (1948-1974).svg Union of Burma (1948–1962)

  • AFPFL

Flag of Myanmar (1974-2010).svg Military governments (1962–2011)

  • Burma Socialist Programme Party flag.svg BSPP (1962–1988)
  • SPDC (1988–2011)

DKBA (1994–2010)

Rebel groups

Fighting Peacock Flag.png ABSDF (since 1988)
AA Flag.png Arakan Army (since 2009)
Flag of DKBA-5.png DKBA-5 (since 2010)
Kachin Independence Army flag.svg KIO (since 1961)

  • KIA

Karen National Union Flag.png KNU (since 1949)

  • Karen National Liberation Army flag.svg KNLA

Karenni National Progressive Party flag.png Karenni Army (since 1949)
New Mon State Party flag.png MNLA (since 1958)
Flag of Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army-2015.png MNDAA (since 1989)
Flag of the NDAA.png NDAA (since 1989)
Shan State Army-North flag.png SSAN (since 1971)
SSA-S.svg SSAS (since 1996)
Ta'ang National Liberation Army Flag.png TNLA (since 1992)
United Wa State Party flag2.png UWSP (since 1989)

  • United Wa State Army flag.png UWSA

...and others
Supported by:
 China (alleged)

Commanders and leaders
Myanmar Htin Kyaw
(President of Myanmar)

Myanmar Sein Win
(Minister of Defence)
MyanmarMyanmar Armed Forces Emblem.svg Min Aung Hlaing
(Commander-in-Chief)
MyanmarMyanmar Armed Forces Emblem.svg Soe Win
(Deputy Commander-in-Chief)

AA Flag.png Twan Mrat Naing

Karen National Union Flag.png Naw Zipporah Sein
Karen National Union Flag.png Saw Mutu Say Poe
Flag of Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army-2015.png Pheung Kya-shin
Flag of Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army-2015.png Yang Mao-liang
United Wa State Army flag.png Bao Youxiang
United Wa State Army flag.png Wei Hsueh-kang

Strength
Myanmar Armed Forces Emblem.svg 492,000 Fighting Peacock Flag.png 600–1,000

AA Flag.png 1,500–2,500
Flag of DKBA-5.png 1,500
Kachin Independence Army flag.svg 8,000
Karen National Liberation Army flag.svg 6,000
Karenni National Progressive Party flag.png 500
New Mon State Party flag.png 800+ (2,000 reserves)
Flag of Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army-2015.png 3,000–4,000
Flag of the NDAA.png 4,000
Shan State Army-North flag.png 8,000
SSA-S.svg 6,000–8,000
Ta'ang National Liberation Army Flag.png 1,500+
United Wa State Army flag.png 20,000–25,000
Unknown numbers of various other factions


Total:
70,000–80,000

Casualties and losses
130,000–250,000 total killed

600,000–1,000,000 displaced or fled abroad

The internal conflict in Myanmar (also known as Burma) refers to fighting between government soldiers and rebels in Myanmar, which started shortly after the country separated from the United Kingdom in 1948. The government of Myanmar has fought different rebel groups from different ethnic minorities. The cause of the conflict is the government's refusal to give minority groups such as the communists and the Karen people the amount of political representation that they want. Since the beginning of the fighting, hundreds of thousands of civilians in Myanmar have been killed and millions have become refugees.


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