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Ittigen
Coat of arms of Ittigen
Coat of arms
Country Switzerland
Canton Bern
District Bern-Mittelland
Area
 • Total 4.21 km2 (1.63 sq mi)
Elevation 526 m (1,726 ft)
Population (Dec 2015 )
 • Total 11,390
 • Density 2,705/km2 (7,007/sq mi)
Postal code 3063
Surrounded by Bern, Bolligen, Moosseedorf, Münchenbuchsee, Ostermundigen, Zollikofen
Twin towns Dobrusch (Belarus)

Ittigen is a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

The municipality was formed in 1983 when it and Ostermundigen were separated from territory once part of Bolligen.

History

Its placename is derived from the Alemannic German "at the people of the Ito", and first appeared in print in 1318 as Yttigen. Traces of prehistoric settlements have been found at Worblaufen (La Tene vessel with cremated remains, Roman coins and Early Medieval graves), in the Papiermühle neighborhood (5th or 6th century Early Medieval cemetery with about 30 graves), Neuhaus (Early Medieval graves) and in Wydacker (Seax).

Geography

Ittigen has an area, as of 2009, of 4.21 km2 (1.63 sq mi). Of this area, 1.03 km2 (0.40 sq mi) or 24.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.6 km2 (0.23 sq mi) or 14.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.54 km2 (0.98 sq mi) or 60.3% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.04 km2 (9.9 acres) or 1.0% is either rivers or lakes.

Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 5.0% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 33.7% and transportation infrastructure made up 18.5%. Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 1.4% of the area while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 1.7%. 12.4% of the total land area is heavily forested and 1.9% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 18.5% is used for growing crops and 5.5% is pastures. All the water in the municipality is in rivers and streams.

Demographics

Ittigen has a population (as of 31 December 2015) of 11,390. As of 2007, 18.3% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -0.6%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (86.2%), with Italian being second most common ( 2.6%) and French being third ( 2.5%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 26.9% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (21.2%), the SPS (19.8%) and the Green Party (12.6%).

The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 19.7% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 65.5% and the seniors (over 64 years old) make up 14.8%. The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Ittigen about 75.8% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).

Ittigen has an unemployment rate of 2.08%. As of 2005, there were 48 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 11 businesses involved in this sector. 912 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 80 businesses in this sector. 7669 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 358 businesses in this sector.

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