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Jackson Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Jackson
Kingda Ka, the world's tallest roller coaster at Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson
Kingda Ka, the world's tallest roller coaster at Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson
Official seal of Jackson Township, New Jersey
Seal
Motto: A Place for All Seasons
Map of Jackson Township in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Jackson Township in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Jackson Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Jackson Township, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Ocean
Incorporated March 6, 1844
Named for Andrew Jackson
Area
 • Total 100.624 sq mi (260.616 km2)
 • Land 99.244 sq mi (257.041 km2)
 • Water 1.380 sq mi (3.575 km2)  1.37%
Area rank 4th of 566 in state
1st of 33 in county
Elevation 118 ft (36 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 54,856
 • Estimate (2015) 56,416
 • Rank 28th of 566 in state
4th of 33 in county
 • Density 552.7/sq mi (213.4/km2)
 • Density rank 436th of 566 in state
27th of 33 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08527
Area code(s) 732
FIPS code 3402934680
GNIS feature ID 0882079
Website www.jacksontwpnj.net

Jackson Township, named after Andrew Jackson, is a township in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township population was 54,856. The population increased by 12,040 (+28.1%) from the 42,816 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 9,583 (+28.8%) from the 33,233 counted in the 1990 Census. The 2010 population was the highest recorded in any decennial census. The township is located within the New Jersey Pine Barrens.

Jackson is the site of Six Flags Great Adventure, home to the 456-foot (139 m) Kingda Ka, which as of 2017 is the tallest roller coaster in the world. Jackson is also home to Six Flags Hurricane Harbor and the 350-acre (140 ha) Safari Off Road Adventure, which replaced Six Flags Wild Safari in 2013.

Jackson Township was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 6, 1844, from portions of Dover Township (now Toms River Township), Freehold Township and Upper Freehold Township, while the area was still part of Monmouth County. It became part of the newly created Ocean County on February 15, 1850. Portions of the township were taken to form Plumsted Township on March 11, 1845.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 100.624 square miles (260.616 km2), including 99.244 square miles (257.041 km2) of land and 1.380 square miles (3.575 km2) of water (1.37%). Jackson is the largest municipality by area in Ocean County.

Vista Center (with a 2010 population of 2,095) is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located within Jackson Township. Other unincorporated communities, localities and populated places located completely or partially within the township include Archers Corner, Bennetts Mills, Burksville, Butterfly Bridge, Cassville, Colliers Mills, DeBow Corner, Francis Mills, Grayville, Harmony, Holmansville, Hyson, Jackson Mills, Kapps Corner, Leesville, Legler, Maryland, Midwood, New Prospect, Pleasant Grove, Prospertown, Ridgeway State Forest, Success, The Alligator, Van Hiseville, Webbsville, Whitesbridge and Whitesville.

The township borders Lakewood Township, Manchester Township, Plumsted Township and Toms River Township in Ocean County, and Freehold Township, Howell Township, Millstone Township and Upper Freehold Township in Monmouth County.

Colliers Mills Wildlife Management Area is a 12,906.63-acre (5,223.13 ha) wildlife management area located within portions of both Jackson Township and Plumsted Township operated by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection's Division of Fish and Wildlife. Several man-made lakes are located within the township, including Success Lake in the Colliers Mills Wildlife Management Area.

Climate

Jackson Township, New Jersey, gets 45 inches of rain per year. Snowfall is 23 inches and the number of days with any measurable precipitation is 115. On average, there are 206 sunny days per year in Jackson. The July high is around 86 degrees and the January low is 23. The comfort index is 45 out of 100.

Climate data for Jackson, NJ
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 41
(5)
44
(6.7)
51
(10.6)
61
(16.1)
71
(21.7)
80
(26.7)
85
(29.4)
83
(28.3)
77
(25)
67
(19.4)
57
(13.9)
46
(7.8)
63.6
(17.55)
Average low °F (°C) 22
(-5.6)
24
(-4.4)
30
(-1.1)
39
(3.9)
49
(9.4)
59
(15)
64
(17.8)
62
(16.7)
55
(12.8)
43
(6.1)
35
(1.7)
27
(-2.8)
42.4
(5.79)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.92
(99.6)
3.30
(83.8)
4.79
(121.7)
4.07
(103.4)
3.73
(94.7)
3.80
(96.5)
4.60
(116.8)
4.69
(119.1)
3.79
(96.3)
3.90
(99.1)
4.11
(104.4)
4.51
(114.6)
49.21
(1,249.9)

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 1,333 *
1860 1,606 20.5%
1870 1,755 9.3%
1880 1,803 2.7%
1890 1,717 −4.8%
1900 1,595 −7.1%
1910 1,325 −16.9%
1920 1,268 −4.3%
1930 1,719 35.6%
1940 2,153 25.2%
1950 3,513 63.2%
1960 5,939 69.1%
1970 18,276 207.7%
1980 25,644 40.3%
1990 33,233 29.6%
2000 42,816 28.8%
2010 54,856 28.1%
Est. 2015 56,416 31.8%
Population sources: 1850-2000
1850-1920 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1890-1910 1910-1930
1900-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 54,856 people, 19,417 households, and 15,048 families residing in the township. The population density was 552.7 per square mile (213.4/km2). There were 20,342 housing units at an average density of 205.0 per square mile (79.2/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 88.90% (48,765) White, 4.86% (2,664) Black or African American, 0.10% (57) Native American, 2.95% (1,616) Asian, 0.03% (18) Pacific Islander, 1.27% (696) from other races, and 1.90% (1,040) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.83% (4,295) of the population.

There were 19,417 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.5% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the township, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 29.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.6 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 91.4 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $86,327 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,941) and the median family income was $96,171 (+/- $2,734). Males had a median income of $68,985 (+/- $4,126) versus $45,714 (+/- $2,238) for females. The per capita income for the township was $34,521 (+/- $912). About 2.8% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 42,816 people, 14,176 households, and 11,269 families residing in the township. The population density was 427.9 people per square mile (165.2/km²). There were 14,640 housing units at an average density of 146.3 per square mile (56.5/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 91.26% White, 3.90% African American, 0.13% Native American, 2.06% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.97% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.78% of the population.

There were 14,176 households out of which 44.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.7% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.5% were non-families. 16.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.38.

In the township the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 34.2% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $65,218, and the median income for a family was $71,045. Males had a median income of $51,276 versus $33,882 for females. The per capita income for the township was $23,981. About 2.5% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 312.39 miles (502.74 km) of roadways, of which 201.70 miles (324.60 km) were maintained by the municipality, 101.77 miles (163.78 km) by Ocean County and 8.92 miles (14.36 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

CR 527, CR 528, CR 547, CR 537, CR 526, and CR 571 pass through the township. CR 539 also passes through the township, but in the southwest corner, for less than half a mile. Interstate 195 is a major artery that travels through the northern section of Jackson (it just so happens that Jackson is the only municipality in Ocean County that hosts any interstate). While the expressway travels into Howell and Millstone Townships, it is also a vital link for Six Flags since it grants access to the Garden State Parkway, Interstate 295 and the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95).

Public transportation

NJ Transit bus service is provided on the 139 to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, and to Philadelphia on the 317 route. Seasonal service is offered to Great Adventure on routes 308 (from the Port Authority Bus Terminal) and 318 (from Philadelphia).

Academy Bus offers service to Port Authority New York and to Wall Street in Lower Manhattan, with a stop at the Brook Plaza on County Road 526.

Ocean Ride local service is provided on the Shopper's Loop route.


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