James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose facts for kids
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The Most Honourable
The Marquess of Montrose
|Died||21 May 1650
|Resting place||St. Giles' Cathedral, Edinburgh, Scotland|
|Other names||The Great Montrose|
|Alma mater||University of St Andrews|
|Occupation||Chief of Clan Graham, soldier, poet|
|Title||Lord Lieutenant and captain-general of Scotland, 1st Marquess of Montrose, 5th Earl of Montrose|
|Children||James Graham, 2nd Marquess of Montrose|
|Parent(s)||John Graham, 4th Earl of Montrose
James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose (1612 – 21 May 1650) was a Scottish nobleman, poet and soldier, lord lieutenant and later viceroy and captain general of Scotland. Montrose initially joined the Covenanters in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, but subsequently supported King Charles I as the English Civil War developed. From 1644 to 1646, and again in 1650, he fought in the civil war in Scotland on behalf of the King. He is referred to as the Great Montrose.
Following his defeat and capture at the Battle of Carbisdale, Montrose was tried by the Scottish Parliament and sentenced to death. After the Restoration, Charles II paid £802 sterling for a lavish funeral in 1661, when Montrose's reputation changed from traitor or martyr to a romantic hero and subject of works by Walter Scott and John Buchan. His spectacular victories, which took his opponents by surprise, are remembered in military history for their tactical brilliance.
Images for kids
Miniature (1838), after Van Dyck original owned by the present-day Duke of Montrose
James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.