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Jefferson, Texas facts for kids

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Not to be confused with Jefferson County, Texas.
Quick facts for kids
Jeffersan, Texas
The Old Post Office, Jefferson's most recognized landmark
The Old Post Office, Jefferson's most recognized landmark Downtown Jefferson, Texas
Location of Jefferson, Texas
Location of Jefferson, Texas
Map of the city in 1872
Map of the city in 1872
Country United States
State Texas
County Marion
Area
 • Total 4.4 sq mi (11.4 km2)
 • Land 4.3 sq mi (11.3 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation
194 ft (59 m)
Population
 (2000)
 • Total 2,024
 • Density 465.7/sq mi (179.8/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
75657
Area code(s) 903
FIPS code 48-37528
GNIS feature ID 1338692
Website City of Jefferson

Jefferson is a historic city in Marion County in northeastern Texas, United States. The population was 2,024 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Marion County, Texas, and is situated in East Texas. The city is a tourism center, with popular attractions including: Jay Gould's Railroad car, the Sterne Fountain, Jefferson Carnegie Library, Excelsior House, the House of the Four Seasons, and the bayous formed by Big Cypress Bayou located in and around the city.

Events

Tourism in Jefferson is enhanced by a number of events that are held throughout the year. Major annual events include:

Geography

Jefferson is located at 32°45′40″N 94°20′58″W / 32.76111°N 94.34944°W / 32.76111; -94.34944 (32.761013, -94.349331).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.4 square miles (11 km2), of which, 4.3 square miles (11 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (1.58%) is water.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Jefferson has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 988
1870 4,190 324.1%
1880 3,260 −22.2%
1890 3,072 −5.8%
1900 2,850 −7.2%
1910 2,515 −11.8%
1920 2,549 1.4%
1930 2,329 −8.6%
1940 2,797 20.1%
1950 3,164 13.1%
1960 3,082 −2.6%
1970 2,866 −7.0%
1980 2,643 −7.8%
1990 2,199 −16.8%
2000 2,024 −8.0%
2010 2,106 4.1%
Est. 2015 2,048 −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,024 people, 871 households, and 544 families residing in the city. The population density was 465.7 people per square mile (179.6/km²). There were 1,042 housing units at an average density of 239.7 per square mile (92.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 62.80% White, 34.68% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.84% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.54% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.63% of the population.

There were 871 households out of which 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the city, the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 21.8% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 24.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 80.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $17,034, and the median income for a family was $26,250. Males had a median income of $28,929 versus $14,583 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,558. About 29.4% of families and 32.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 54.1% of those under age 18 and 22.7% of those age 65 or over.

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