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Jersey facts for kids

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Bailiwick of Jersey

  • Bailliage de Jersey  (French)
  • Bailliage dé Jèrri  (Narom)
Flag of Jersey
Coat of arms of Jersey
Coat of arms
Anthem: God Save the Queen  (official)
Island Home  (official) a
Location of  Jersey  (dark green)
Location of  Jersey  (dark green)
and largest city
Saint Helier
Official languages
Recognised regional languages Jèrriais
Ethnic groups
Government Crown dependencyb
• Duke
Elizabeth II
• Lieutenant Governor
John McColl
• Bailiff
Michael Birt
• Administative separation from mainland Normandy

• Liberation from German occupation

9 May 1945
• Total
118.2 km2 (45.6 sq mi) (227th)
• Water (%)
• 2013 100,000 estimate
97,857 (199th)
• Density
819/km2 (2,121.2/sq mi) (13thc)
GDP (PPP) 2005 estimate
• Total
$5.1 billion (166th)
• Per capita
$57,000 (6th)
Currency Pound sterlingd (GBP)
Time zone GMTe
• Summer (DST)
Driving side left
Calling code +44
ISO 3166 code JE
Internet TLD .je
  1. by Gerard Le Feuvre; official for occasions when distinguishing anthem required.
  2. Parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchy.
  3. Rank based on population density of Channel Islands, i.e. including the Bailiwick of Guernsey.
  4. The States of Jersey issue their own sterling notes and coins (see Jersey pound).
  5. In a referendum on 16 October 2008, voters rejected a proposal to adopt Central European Time by 72.4%.

Jersey, officially the Bailiwick of Jersey, is a Crown dependency located near the coast of Normandy, France. Jersey was part of the Duchy of Normandy, whose dukes went on to become kings of England from 1066. After Normandy was lost by the kings of England in the 13th century, and the title surrendered to France, Jersey and the other Channel Islands remained attached to the English crown.

Map of islands of Bailiwick of Jersey

Jersey is a self-governing parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy, with its own financial, legal and judicial systems, and the power of self-determination. The Lieutenant Governor on the island is the personal representative of the Queen.

The Bailiwick of Jersey is not a part of the United Kingdom or of the European Union. It has its own parliament called the States of Jersey which passes laws for the island. Jersey is divided into 12 parishes which elect their own administration.

Haûlîngu'thie d'la couleu d'Jèrri l'7 d'Avri 2011 11
A Channel Television crew interview the Bailiff of Jersey

Jersey is a member of the British-Irish Council, the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association and the Assemblée parlementaire de la Francophonie. Jersey wants to become a full member of the Commonwealth in its own right.

British cultural influence on the island is evident in its use of English as the main language and the British pound as its primary currency, even if some people still speak the Norman language. Additional cultural commonalities include driving on the left, access to the BBC and ITV regions, a school curriculum following that of England, and the popularity of British sports, including football, cricket and rugby.

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