Jersey facts for kids
|Bailiwick of Jersey
|Anthem: God Save the Queen (official)
Island Home (official) a
Location of Jersey (dark green)
and largest city
|Recognised regional languages||Jèrriais|
|Ethnic groups (2011)|
|-||Lieutenant Governor||John McColl|
|-||Chief Minister||Ian Gorst|
|Status British Crown dependency|
|-||Administative separation from mainland Normandy||
|-||Liberation from German occupation||
9 May 1945
|-||Total||118.2 km2 (227th)
46.13 sq mi
|-||2013 100,000 estimate||97,857 (199th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2005 estimate|
|-||Total||$5.1 billion (166th)|
|-||Per capita||$57,000 (6th)|
|Currency||Pound sterlingd (GBP)|
|Drives on the||left|
|Patron saint||St. Helier|
|a.||by Gerard Le Feuvre; official for occasions when distinguishing anthem required.|
|b.||Parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchy.|
|c.||Rank based on population density of Channel Islands, i.e. including the Bailiwick of Guernsey.|
|d.||The States of Jersey issue their own sterling notes and coins (see Jersey pound).|
|e.||In a referendum on 16 October 2008, voters rejected a proposal to adopt Central European Time by 72.4%.|
Jersey, officially the Bailiwick of Jersey, is a Crown dependency located near the coast of Normandy, France. Jersey was part of the Duchy of Normandy, whose dukes went on to become kings of England from 1066. After Normandy was lost by the kings of England in the 13th century, and the title surrendered to France, Jersey and the other Channel Islands remained attached to the English crown.
Jersey is a self-governing parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy, with its own financial, legal and judicial systems, and the power of self-determination. The Lieutenant Governor on the island is the personal representative of the Queen.
The Bailiwick of Jersey is not a part of the United Kingdom or of the European Union. It has its own parliament called the States of Jersey which passes laws for the island. Jersey is divided into 12 parishes which elect their own administration.
Jersey is a member of the British-Irish Council, the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association and the Assemblée parlementaire de la Francophonie. Jersey wants to become a full member of the Commonwealth in its own right.
British cultural influence on the island is evident in its use of English as the main language and the British pound as its primary currency, even if some people still speak the Norman language. Additional cultural commonalities include driving on the left, access to the BBC and ITV regions, a school curriculum following that of England, and the popularity of British sports, including football, cricket and rugby.
Images for kids
Jersey Airport greets travellers with "Welcome to Jersey" sign in Jèrriais
Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.