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Sir John Abbott
3rd Prime Minister of Canada
In office
June 16, 1891 – November 24, 1892
Monarch Victoria
Governor-General Lord Stanley of Preston
Preceded by John A. Macdonald
Succeeded by John Thompson
Personal details
John Joseph Caldwell Abbott

(1821-03-12)March 12, 1821
Saint-André, Lower Canada
Died October 30, 1893(1893-10-30) (aged 72)
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Resting place Mount Royal Cemetery, Montreal, Quebec
Political party Conservative
Mary Bethune
(m. 1849)
Children 8
Parents Joseph Abbott
Harriet Bradford
Education McGill University (1847)
Military service
Allegiance Canada
Branch/service Canadian Army
Years of service 1866–1874
Rank Lieutenant Colonel
Unit 11th Argenteuil Battalion

Sir John Joseph Caldwell Abbott (March 12, 1821 – October 30, 1893), was a Canadian lawyer and politician, who served as the third Prime Minister of Canada, in office from 1891 to 1892. He held office as the leader of the Conservative Party.

Abbott was born in what is now Saint-André-d'Argenteuil, Quebec. He studied law at McGill University and became one of Montreal's best-known lawyers, later returning to McGill as a professor of law and earning a Doctor of Civil Law degree. He was perhaps best known for his successful defence of the perpetrators of the St. Albans Raid.

Abbott involved himself in politics from a young age, signing the Montreal Annexation Manifesto in 1849 – which he later regretted – and winning election to the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada in 1860. In the lead-up to Confederation he was a strong advocate for the rights of English-speaking Quebecers.

In 1867, Abbott was elected to the new House of Commons of Canada as a member of the Conservative Party. He became prime minister in June 1891 following Macdonald's death in office. Abbott was 70 years old at the time, and served only until November 1892 when he retired due to ill health. He died the following year.

He was named a Person of National Historic Significance by the Government of Canada in 1938.

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