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Juan Luis Vives
LuisVives.jpg
Anonymous portrait of Juan Luis Vives, Museo del Prado
Born (1493-03-06)6 March 1493
Died 6 May 1540(1540-05-06) (aged 47)
Bruges, Habsburg Netherlands
Era Renaissance philosophy
Region Western philosophy
School Renaissance humanism
Main interests
Psychology, education
Notable ideas
Study of the psyche
Signature
Juan L. Vives.jpg

Juan Luis Vives March (6 March 1493 – 6 May 1540) was a Spanish (Valencian) scholar and Renaissance humanist who spent most of his adult life in the Southern Netherlands. His beliefs on the soul, insight into early medical practice, and perspective on emotions, memory and learning earned him the title of the "father" of modern psychology. Vives was the first to shed light on some key ideas that established how we perceive psychology today.

Life

Vives was born in Valencia to a family which had converted from Judaism to Christianity. As a child, he saw his father, grandmother and great-grandfather, as well as members of their wider family, executed as Judaizers at the behest of the Spanish Inquisition; his mother was acquitted but died of the plague when he was 15 years old. Shortly thereafter, he left Spain never to return.

While still in Spain, he attended the Valencia Academy.

Vives studied at the University of Paris from 1509 to 1512, and in 1519 was appointed professor of humanities at the University of Leuven. Soon afterwards, he was invited to England, and acted as tutor to the Princess Mary.

While in England, he resided at Corpus Christi College, Oxford. Vives was made doctor of laws and lectured on philosophy. After leaving he devoted the rest of his life to the composition of numerous works directed against the scholastic philosophy and the unquestioning authority of Aristotle.

1993 200 Pesetas
1993 200 Pesetas - Featuring Juan Luis Vives

During the Middle Ages, poor relief was usually the responsibility of the Church and individuals through giving. As society became more advanced, these efforts became inadequate. In 1525, the Dutch city of Bruges requested Vives to suggest means to address the issue of relief for the poor. He set out his views in an essay. Vives argued that the state had a responsibility to provide some level of financial relief for the poor, as well as craft training for the unskilled poor. The city of Bruges did not use Vives's suggestions until 1557, but his proposals influenced social relief legislation enacted in England and the German Empire during the 1530s.

He died in Bruges in 1540, at the age of 47, and was buried in the St. Donatian's Cathedral.

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