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Kawartha Lakes
City of Kawartha Lakes
Kawartha Lakes Logo
Kawartha Lakes city hall in Lindsay
Flag of Kawartha Lakes
Official logo of Kawartha Lakes
"Jump In"
Kawartha Lakes' location within Ontario
Kawartha Lakes' location within Ontario
Country Canada
Province Ontario
County (historical) Victoria
Formed by political merger January 1, 2001
Seat Lindsay
 • Land 3,084.38 km2 (1,190.89 sq mi)
 • Total 79,247
 • Density 26.1/km2 (68/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal Code
K0L, K0M, K9V, L0A, L0B, L0K
Area code(s) 705 / 249

The City of Kawartha Lakes (2021 population 79,247) is a unitary municipality in Central Ontario, Canada. It is a municipality legally structured as a single-tier city; however, Kawartha Lakes is the size of a typical Ontario county and is mostly rural. It is the second largest single-tier municipality in Ontario by land area (after Greater Sudbury).

The main population centres are the communities of Lindsay (population: 22,367), Bobcaygeon (population: 3,576), Fenelon Falls (population: 2,490), Omemee (population: 1,060) and Woodville (population: 718).


The city's name comes from the name of the Kawartha lakes. The term Kawartha is an anglicization of the word Ka-wa-tha (from Ka-wa-tae-gum-maug or Gaa-waategamaag, meaning), a word coined in 1895 by aboriginal Martha Whetung of the Curve Lake First Nations. The word meant "land of reflections" in the Anishinaabe language, according to Whetung. The word was later changed by tourism promoters to Kawartha, meaning "bright waters and happy lands."

Prior to its restructuring as a city, the area was known as Victoria County. The city was created in 2001, during the ruling provincial Progressive Conservative party's "Common Sense Revolution". Through provincial legislation, the former Victoria County and its constituent municipalities were amalgamated into one entity named the City of Kawartha Lakes.

This act was implemented by the Victoria County Restructuring Commission, led by commissioner Harry Kitchen. Despite a general opposition from residents of the area, the provincial government pushed forward with the amalgamation, which officially came into effect on January 1, 2001.

By a narrow margin (51% for, 49% against), the citizens of Kawartha Lakes voted to de-amalgamate in a November 2003 local plebiscite, but the provincial and municipal governments have not taken any steps since the vote to initiate de-amalgamation.


In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Kawartha Lakes had a population of 79,247 living in 32,708 of its 38,947 total private dwellings, a change of 5.1% from its 2016 population of 75,423. With a land area of 3,033.66 km2 (1,171.30 sq mi), it had a population density of 26.1/km2 (68/sq mi) in 2021.

Canada census – Kawartha Lakes community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 75,423 (3% from 2011) 73,219 (-1.8% from 2006) 74,561 (7.8% from 2001)
Land area: 3,084.38 km2 (1,190.89 sq mi) 3,083.06 km2 (1,190.38 sq mi) 3,059.47 km2 (1,181.27 sq mi)
Population density: 24.5/km2 (63/sq mi) 23.7/km2 (61/sq mi) 24.4/km2 (63/sq mi)
Median age: 46.7 (M: 45.8, F: 47.6) 48.4 (M: 47.6, F: 49.2) 45.1 (M: 44.3, F: 45.9)
Total private dwellings: 38,444 37,161 37,986
Median household income: $69,465 $52,955
References: 2016 2011 2006 earlier

In the 2016 census, the population of the Lindsay urban area was 20,713, up from 20,291 in 2011.

Town of Lindsay
Census Population Change (%)
2021 22,367 Increase8.0%
2016 20,713 Increase24.1%
1991 16,696 Increase22.8%
1981 13,596 Increase6.7%
1971 12,746 Increase11.8%
1961 11,399 Increase18.7%
1951 9,603 Increase15.1%
1941 8,345 Increase11.2%
1931 7,505 Decrease1.5%
1921 7,620 Increase9.4%
1911 6,964 Decrease0.6%
1901 7,003 Increase15.2%
1891 6,081 Increase19.7%
1881 5,080 Increase25.5%
1871 4,049 n/a

Ethnocultural and racial statistics

Only ethnic groups that comprise greater than 1% of the population are included. Note that a person can report more than one group

  • English: 45.2%
  • Canadian: 35.0%
  • Irish: 27.6%
  • Scottish: 20.3%
  • French: 10.4%
  • German: 9.4%
  • Dutch: 6.3%
  • First Nations: 2.9%
  • Welsh: 2.6%
  • Polish: 2.2%
  • Italian: 2.2%
  • Ukrainian: 2.2%
  • British Isles (other): 2.0%
  • Hungarian: 1.0%
  • Native: 2.9%
  • Non-European Ethnicities: 1.6%
Canada 2006 Census Population  % of Total Population
Non-European Ethnicities group
South Asian 365 0.5%
Chinese 95 0.13%
Black 250 0.34%
Filipino 55 0.07%
Latin American 70 0.1%
Arab 45 0.06%
Southeast Asian 20 0.03%
West Asian 0 0%
Korean 165 0.22%
Japanese 25 0.03%
Other Non-European Ethnicities 50 0.07%
Mixed Ethnicities 60 0.08%
Total Non-European Ethnicities population 1195 1.63%
Aboriginal group
First Nations 805 1.1%
Métis 420 0.57%
Inuit 0 0%
Total Aboriginal population 1255 1.71%
White 70915 96.66%
Total population 73365 100%


The following is a list of all the former incorporated villages, unincorporated hamlets and communities, rural post offices, and rural post offices abandoned after the start of rural mail delivery.

  • Ancona Point
  • Argyle
  • Aros
  • Avery Point
  • Baddow
  • Baker Trail
  • Ballyduff
  • Barclay
  • Bellevue
  • Bethany
  • Bethel
  • Birch Point
  • Bobcaygeon
  • Bolsover
  • Brunswick
  • Burnt River
  • Burton
  • Bury's Green
  • Cambray
  • Cameron
  • Camp Kagawong
  • Campbells Beach
  • Coboconk
  • Corson's Siding
  • Cowan's Bay
  • Crawfords Beach
  • Cresswell
  • Crosshill
  • Cunningham's Corners
  • Dalrymple
  • Dartmoor (ghost town)
  • Daytonia Beach
  • Dongola
  • Downeyville
  • Dunsford
  • East Emily
  • Eldon
  • Fairburn Corner
  • Fee's Landing
  • Feir Mill
  • Fell Station
  • Fenelon Falls
  • Fingerboard
  • Fleetwood (ghost town)
  • Fleetwood Station
  • Fowlers Corners
  • Fox's Corners
  • Frank Hill
  • Franklin
  • Gilsons Point
  • Glamorgan
  • Glandine
  • Glenarm
  • Glenway Village
  • Grasshill
  • Greenhurst-Thurstonia
  • Hartley
  • Head Lake
  • Hickory Beach
  • Hillhead Corners
  • Horncastle (ghost town)
  • Isaacs Glen
  • Islay
  • Janetville
  • Joyvista Estates
  • Kenedon Park
  • Kennedy Bay
  • Kenrei Park
  • Kenstone Beach
  • Keystone Beach
  • King's Wharf
  • Kinmount
  • Kirkfield
  • Lake Dalrymple
  • Lancaster Bay
  • Lifford
  • Linden Valley
  • Lindsay
  • Little Britain, Ontario
  • Long Beach
  • Long Point
  • Lorneville
  • Lotus
  • MacKenzie Point
  • Mallards Bay
  • Manilla
  • Manvers
  • Mariposa Station
  • Mariposa
  • McCrackin's Beach
  • McGuire Beach
  • Mount Horeb (ghost town)
  • Newmans Beach
  • Norland
  • Oak Hill
  • Oakdene Point
  • Oakwood
  • O'Donnell Landing
  • Omemee
  • Orange Corners
  • Palestine
  • Pickerel Point
  • Pleasant Point
  • Pontypool
  • Port Hoover
  • Powles Corners
  • Ragged Rapids (ghost town)
  • Reaboro
  • Red Cap Beach
  • Rohallion
  • Rokeby
  • Rosedale
  • Sadowa
  • Salem Corners
  • Sandy Point
  • Sebright
  • Silver Lake
  • Snug Harbour
  • Southview Estates
  • St. Mary's
  • Sturgeon Point
  • Sullivan's Bay
  • Sylvan Glen Beach
  • Taylor's Corners
  • Tracey's Hill
  • Union Creek
  • Uphill
  • Valentia
  • Verulam Park
  • Victoria Place
  • View Lake
  • Washburn Island
  • Watson's Siding
  • Woodville
  • Yelverton
  • Zion

Victoria County

Prior to 2001, Victoria County consisted of 13 separate townships and 6 incorporated villages with their own local governments:


Population centres:

  • Bexley (Victoria Road, Coboconk)
  • Carden (Dalrymple)
  • Dalton (Sebright, Uphill, Sadowa)
  • Eldon (Glenarm, Kirkfield)
  • Emily (Omemee, Downeyville, Fowlers Corners)
  • Fenelon (Cameron, Cambray, Powles Corners)
  • Laxton, Digby and Longford (Uphill, Norland)
  • Longford (largely uninhabited)
  • Manvers (Janetville, Bethany, Pontypool)
  • Mariposa (Oakwood, Little Britain, Manilla)
  • Ops (Reaboro)
  • Somerville (Coboconk, Kinmount)
  • Verulam (Dunsford, Bobcaygeon)

The township of Laxton, Digby and Longford is an amalgamation of the once individual townships of Digby and Laxton, and half of the original Longford Township. The separate township of Longford is uninhabited, though dotted with abandoned logging towns. In 2000, just prior to amalgamation into the city of Kawartha Lakes, the township of Verulam and the village of Bobcaygeon were amalgamated into the Municipality of Bobcaygeon/Verulam.

Incorporated communities

  • Town of Lindsay
  • Village of Bobcaygeon
  • Village of Fenelon Falls
  • Village of Omemee
  • Village of Sturgeon Point
  • Village of Woodville


Air transportation

Kawartha Lakes Municipal Airport, a Transport Canada certified airport, has 24-hour radio operated lighting and provides access to key points throughout Ontario. Kawartha Lakes Municipal Airport is located one nautical mile west north west of Lindsay. It offers a card lock fuel system and can be used by both private and commercial airplanes.

Water transportation

Towns and villages in City of Kawartha Lakes are interconnected by rivers, lakes and streams that can be best navigated May to October. The Trent-Severn Waterway, which extends from Bay of Quinte on Lake Ontario to Georgian Bay in the north, is part of the waterways in City of Kawartha Lakes. Five locks, Bobcaygeon 32, Lindsay 33, Fenelon Falls 34, Rosedale 35, and Kirkfield 36 are part of the Trent-Severn National HistoricSsite and operated by Parks Canada. Coboconk is noted as being Canada's fresh water summit with waters flowing two different directions. It is the highest navigable point in Canada from which it is possible to reach the world. There are no water taxis operating in City of Kawartha Lakes. Boat and houseboat rentals are available.

Land transportation

The following King's Highways pass through the city:

  • Highway 7, part of the Trans-Canada Highway
  • Highway 7A
  • Highway 35
  • Highway 115
  • Highway 7B also exists entirely within the city, following the length of Kent Street through Lindsay, and cosigning with Highway 35 for 800 m.

The following multi-use trails pass through the city:

  • Lindsay-Peterborough (east-west) rail line, part of the Trans Canada Trail
  • Bethany-Haliburton (north-south) rail line, known as the Victoria Rail Trail

Public transportation

Because of the largely rural composition of the City of Kawartha Lakes, there is limited public transportation. City of Kawartha Lakes has public bus transit in the town of Lindsay only (known as Lindsay Transit), running three lines of hourly service Monday-Saturday from 7am-7pm.

On June 21, 2015 a pilot project rural bus route serving part of City of Kawartha Lakes ended service. The rural bus stopped in Lindsay, Dunsford, Bobcaygeon, Fenelon Falls, and Cameron.

Most school children are bussed to elementary and high school.

Bus companies

TOK Coachlines (formerly called CanAr Bus Lines) offers service between Toronto and Haliburton with several stops in City of Kawartha Lakes.

Train routes

The last Canadian National Railway (CN) train to run through City of Kawartha Lakes was on the Lindsay - Uxbridge line which ceased operation in 1990. The last passenger train to run through the City of Kawartha Lakes was No. 189 with Budd Car VIA 6104 from Havelock to Toronto Union Station over Canadian Pacific Railway (CP) lines on January 14, 1990.

CP freight trains continue to operate through the City of Kawartha Lakes on the Havelock Subdivision (MP 133.23 - MP 143.22) which passes through Pontypool (MP 139.1)

High-level discussions organized by the Shining Waters Railway continue about returning passenger rail-service to the Midtown Toronto to Havelock line with a stop in Pontypool.

The Trans Canada Trail which is situated on the old rail line from Uxbridge, continues to be a possibility for commuter service to Toronto and Pearson Airport, from the Highway 7 bridge.

Taxi services

There are several private taxi services in City of Kawartha Lakes licensed by the local government.

Car/van pools

Several businesses and organizations offer car and van pooling through Car Pool World including Sir Sandford Fleming College.


  • Devil's Elbow Ski Area, Bethany
  • Ganaraska Hiking Trail
  • Trans-Canada Trail, and Doube's Trestle Bridge
  • Lindsay Airport, Lindsay
  • Olde Gaol Museum,[1]
  • Victoria Recreation Corridor
  • Highland Cinema and Museum, Kinmount
  • Trent-Severn Waterway
    • Lock 32: Bobcaygeon
    • Lock 33: Lindsay
    • Lock 34: Fenelon Falls
    • Lock 35: Rosedale
    • Lock 36: Kirkfield lift lock

Protected areas

  • Queen Elizabeth II Wildlands Provincial Park
  • Carden Alvar Provincial Park
  • Balsam Lake Provincial Park
  • Indian Point Provincial Park
  • Pigeon River Headwaters Conservation Area
  • Fleetwood Creek Conservation Area
  • Windy Ridge Conservation Area
  • Ken Reid Conservation Area
  • Gamiing Nature Centre

Surrounding counties

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