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Kiln, Mississippi
A football-shaped city welcome sign in honor of notable former resident Brett Favre
A football-shaped city welcome sign in honor of notable former resident Brett Favre
Location of Kiln, Mississippi
Location of Kiln, Mississippi
Kiln, Mississippi is located in the United States
Kiln, Mississippi
Kiln, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Hancock
Area
 • Total 13.4 sq mi (34.7 km2)
 • Land 13.2 sq mi (34.1 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
Elevation
23 ft (7 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 2,238
 • Density 170/sq mi (65.6/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
39556
Area code(s) 228
FIPS code 28-37600
GNIS feature ID 0672123

Kiln (pronounced "Kill") is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Hancock County, Mississippi, United States. The town is located about 50 miles (80 km) northeast of New Orleans, Louisiana. It is part of the Gulfport-Biloxi Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 2,238 at the 2010 census.

History

Jordan River Lumber Company Sawmill, Kiln
Jordan River Lumber Company Sawmill

Kiln takes its name from the many kilns once found in the area that served the timber industry. During the boom years, Kiln was home to many timber mills, a hotel, and a hospital. The Jordan River Lumber Company was one of the major local employers.

"The Jordan River Lumber Company was incorporated in South Dakota in January 1913, and domiciled at Kiln, Hancock County, MS. In January 1913, the company purchased the mill of W. W. Carre Company, Ltd., at Kiln, on the Jourdon River. The original mill burned and was replaced in 1914 with a new mill with a cutting capacity of 150,000 feet (46,000 m) per day. In 1922, the mills in Kiln and Lumberton were consolidated at Barth, MS, the division point on the Mississippi Southern. In February 1930, the mill cut out and was dismantled."

A few older structures remain, including Annunciation Catholic Church and the original post office (later Curet's Grocery), which has since been turned into a lawnmower repair shop. The Kiln was partly flooded during Hurricane Katrina, along the Jourdan River and its tributary bayous, but served as a major point for reconstruction of Bay Saint Louis and Waveland afterwards.

JordanRiverLumberCompanyHotel,Kiln
Jordan River Lumber Company Hotel

Local folklore includes references to the Kiln being a source of sought after moonshine during the Prohibition era. Stories exist about Al Capone sourcing "Kiln Lightning" from this area and it being known by name in Chicago. One colorful story from the late 1920s relates the destruction of a bridge on highway 43 to thwart Federal agents heading to the area from Picayune. Highway maps from 1925 do show a route labeled 43 that disappears from the 1930 edition of the state highway map.

Geography

Kiln is referred to locally as "the Kiln", with the "n" silent.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 13.5 square miles (35 km2), of which 13.3 square miles (34 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.97%) is water.

Mississippi Highway 43, also designated Mississippi Highway 603, is the main road through the Kiln, connecting to Interstate 10 to the South. Highway 43 splits from Highway 603 at the North end of the Kiln. Highway 43 connects to Interstate 59 at Picayune and Highway 603 connects to Mississippi Highway 53 at Necaise

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1990 1,262
2000 2,040 61.6%
2010 2,238 9.7%
U.S. Census data

2020 census

Kiln racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 1,913 86.02%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 69 3.1%
Native American 14 0.63%
Asian 21 0.94%
Other/Mixed 126 5.67%
Hispanic or Latino 81 3.64%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 2,224 people, 1,023 households, and 611 families residing in the CDP.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,238 people, 847 households, and 597 families residing in the CDP. There were 987 housing units. The racial makeup of the CDP was 92.7% White, 3.40% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.2% Asian, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 3.7% of the population.

There were 847 households, out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 26.8% under the age of 20, 28.7% from 20 to 44, 30.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.8 males. For every 100 females age 20 and over, there were 99.6 males.

Of the 1,105 individuals over 24 years old, 29.59% completed less than high school, 26.70% completed high school, 36.56% completed some college or an associate degrees, 4.71% completed a bachelor's degree, and 2.44% completed a graduate degree.

Education

Ribbon cutting ceremony 2006
Ribbon cutting ceremony at Hancock North Central Elementary with Brett and Deanna Favre in 2006
Hancock North Central High School Football Field 01
Hancock North Central High School's former football field, where Brett Favre once played

Kiln is served by the Hancock County School District. The town is home to a vocational school, two elementary schools, a middle school, and a high school.

All of Hancock County is in the service area of Pearl River Community College.

Vocational school

  • Hancock County Vocational Center

Elementary schools

  • East Hancock Elementary School
  • Hancock North Central Elementary School (located at the site of the former Hancock North Central High School)
  • West Hancock Elementary School

Middle school

  • Hancock Middle School

High school

  • Hancock High School

Notable people

  • Dick Arrington, former National Football League offensive lineman
  • Brett Favre, professional football player and Pro Football Hall of Fame inductee
  • Deanna Favre, founder of the Deanna Favre Hope Foundation
  • Leland Mitchell, professional basketball player
  • Philip Moran, member of the Mississippi House of Representatives
  • Serabee, singer-songwriter

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