Lake County, Michigan facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Lake County, Michigan
Map

Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the USA highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1840, organized 1871.
Seat Baldwin
Largest village Baldwin
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

574 sq mi (1,487 km²)
567 sq mi (1,469 km²)
6.9 sq mi (18 km²), 1.2%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

11,539
20/sq mi (8/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: http://www.lakecounty-michigan.com/

Lake County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,539. The county seat is Baldwin.

History

1842 Manistee Kawtawwabet Missaukee Mickenauk Ogemaw Kanotin Notipeskago Aishcum Unwattin Kaykakee Gladwin Arenac counties Michigan
A detail from A New Map of Michigan with its Canals, Roads & Distances (1842) by Henry Schenck Tanner, showing Lake County as Aishcum, the county's name from 1840 to 1843. Several nearby counties are also shown with names that would later be changed.

The county was created by the Michigan Legislature in 1840 as Aishcum County, then renamed Lake County in 1843, for its many lakes. It was administered by a succession of other Michigan counties prior to the organization of county government in 1871.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 574 square miles (1,490 km2), of which 567 square miles (1,470 km2) is land and 6.9 square miles (18 km2) (1.2%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 10
  • M-37

National protected area

  • Manistee National Forest (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 548
1880 3,233 490.0%
1890 6,505 101.2%
1900 4,957 −23.8%
1910 4,939 −0.4%
1920 4,437 −10.2%
1930 4,066 −8.4%
1940 4,798 18.0%
1950 5,257 9.6%
1960 5,338 1.5%
1970 5,661 6.1%
1980 7,711 36.2%
1990 8,583 11.3%
2000 11,333 32.0%
2010 11,539 1.8%
Est. 2015 11,424 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 11,333 people, 4,704 households, and 3,052 families residing in the county. The population density was 20 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 13,498 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.66% White, 11.17% Black or African American, 1.01% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 2.40% from two or more races. 1.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.2% were of English ancestry, 20.0% were of German ancestry, 8.4% were of Irish ancestry, and 6.1% were of Dutch ancestry according to 2010 American Community Survey estimates. 97.5% spoke English and 1.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 4,704 households out of which 23.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.40% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.10% were non-families. 29.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.79.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.90% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 22.70% from 25 to 44, 27.60% from 45 to 64, and 19.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 109.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,622, and the median income for a family was $32,086. Males had a median income of $30,124 versus $21,886 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,457. About 14.70% of families and 19.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.30% of those under age 18 and 12.00% of those age 65 or over. 24/7 Wall St. reported that Lake County is the poorest county in Michigan.

Communities

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships


Lake County, Michigan Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.