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Libyan Civil War (2014–present) facts for kids

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Second Libyan Civil War
Part of the Arab Winter and the Libyan Crisis
Libyan Civil War.svg
Military situation in Libya on 8 January 2020
     Under the control of the House of Representatives and the Libyan National Army     Under the control of the Government of National Accord (GNA) and different militias forming the Libya Shield Force     Controlled by local forces (For a more detailed 2019 map, see military situation in the Libyan Civil War)
Date 16 May 2014 – present
(7 years, 6 months, 2 weeks and 1 day)
Location
Status

Ongoing

  • As of January 2020 the House of Representatives controls the eastern Cyrenaica region and parts of the southern Fezzan and Tripolitania regions and Sirte. The Government of National Accord controls most of the coastal Tripolitania including Tripoli and Misrata.
Main belligerents

Libya House of Representatives (Tobruk-based)

  • Libyan National Army
  • Flag of the Libya Air Force Libya Air Force (LNA–aligned)
  •  Libyan Navy (LNA–aligned)
  • Zintan brigades
  • Russian PMCs

JEM (from 2016)
SLM/A-Minnawi
 Sudan (RSF) (since 2019)
Russia Wagner Group


Libya Gaddafi loyalists

  • Libya Popular Front for the Liberation of Libya
  • Warshefana militias

Libya Government of National Accord (Tripoli-based) (since 2016)

  • Libyan Armed Forces
    •  Libya Army
    • Flag of the Libya Air Force Libya Air Force (GNA–aligned)
    •  Libyan Navy
  • Presidential Guard
  • Misrata Brigades
  • Sabratha Revolutionary Brigades
  • Petroleum Facilities Guard
  • Tripoli Brigade (until 2018)
  • Tripoli Protection Force (since 2018)
  • Misratan Third Force
  • Tuareg militias of Ghat
  • Toubou Front for the Salvation of Libya
  • Chadian rebels (FACT, CCMSR, URF and UFDD)
  • Syrian opposition Turkish-backed Free Syrian Army (since 2019)

Libya National Salvation Government
(2014–17)

  • Libya Shield Force
  • LROR
  • Libyan National Guard

Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries
al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb

Shura Council of Mujahideen in Derna (2014–18)

  • Ansar al-Sharia (Derna) (2014–18)
  • Abu Salim Martyrs
    (2014–15)
Libya Benghazi Defense Brigades

Ajdabiya Revolutionaries Shura Council (2015–16)
Libya Derna Protection Force

ISIL

  • Wilayat Barqa
  • Wilayat Tarabulus
  • Wilayat Fezzan
Commanders and leaders

Libya Aguila Saleh Issa
(President of House of Representatives)
Libya Abdullah al-Thani
(Prime Minister)
FM Khalifa Haftar
(Commander of Operation Dignity)
Col. Wanis Abu Khamada
(Commander of Libyan Special Forces)
Brig. Gen. Saqr Geroushi
(Chief of Staff of the Libyan Air Force)
Chief of Staff Abdel Razek Al-Nazuri (Libyan Ground Forces)
Adm. Faraj al-Mahdawi


Libya Saif al-Islam Gaddafi
Libya Gen. Ali Kana (loyalist leader in Fezzan)
Libya Fayez al-Sarraj
(Chairman of the Presidential Council and Prime minister)
Libya Col. Al-Mahdi Al-Barghathi
(GNA Minister of Defense)
Rida Issa
(Libyan Navy commander)

Libya Nouri Abusahmain (2014–16)
(President of the GNC)
Libya Khalifa al-Ghawi (2015–17)
(Prime Minister)
Libya Sadiq Al-Ghariani
(Grand Mufti)


Abu Khalid al Madani 
(Ansar al-Sharia Leader)
Mokhtar Belmokhtar
(Commander of Al-Mourabitoun, believed dead)
Musa Abu Dawud  (AQIM southern Zone commander)

Mohamed al-Zahawi 
(Former Ansar al-Sharia Leader)
Ateyah Al-Shaari DMSC / DPF leader
Wissam Ben Hamid 
(Libya Shield 1 Commander)
Salim Derby 
(Commander of Abu Salim Martyrs Brigade)
Abu Nabil al-Anbari  (Top ISIL leader in Libya)
Abu Hudhayfah al-Muhajir
(ISIL governor of Wilayat Tripolitania)
Casualties and losses
8,788 killed
20,000 injured (as of May 2015)

The Second Libyan Civil War is an ongoing conflict between rival factions seeking control of Libya. After erupting in 2014, the conflict is mostly between :

  • the House of Representatives, elected in 2014 with a low turnout, relocated to Tobruk, which appointed Marshal Khalifa Haftar as commander-in-chief of the Libyan National Army with the mission of bringing back its sovereignty over the whole of Libyan territory.
  • the Government of National Accord, led by Fayez al-Sarraj, based in the capital Tripoli and created after failed military coups and the relocation of the House of Representatives to Tobruk.

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