Lisnaskea facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsLisnaskea
|Population||2,739 (2001 Census)|
|Irish grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Northern Ireland|
Lisnaskea (from Irish: Lios na Scéithe, meaning "fort of the shield") is the second-biggest settlement in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It is situated mainly in the townland of Lisoneill, with some areas in the townland of Castle Balfour Demesne, both in the civil parish of Aghalurcher and the historic barony of Magherastephana. It had a population of 2,739 people in the 2001 Census.
The town is built around the long main street, which bends at almost 90 degrees along its course. At the middle, the old market place contains a high cross (grid ref:H364340) from an early monastery. 19th century buildings include the former market house, corn market and butter market. The Castle Park Leisure Centre is situated just off the main street.
Lisnaskea was once the seat of the Maguire Clan and its strategic importance led to the town changing hands many times over the years. The 17th century remains of Castle Balfour, are just off the Main Street in Lisnaskea, built around 1618 by James, Lord Balfour. The castle was altered in 1652 and damaged in 1689, but remained inhabited into the 19th century. It was restored and conserved in the 1960s and 1990s. In 1821 the village came under the control of the Earls of Erne. They established the market in the town whilst bolstering and controlling development around the high street.
There was also evidence of a very much earlier ringfort (with radiocarbon dates of 359-428 AD) in the townland of Castle Balfour Demesne suggesting the area was inhabited from a very early date. The ruins of the old monastery, associated with St Ronan, who died some time before 635 AD, are to the west of the town.
In December 2013, suspected dissident republicans fired shots at Lisnaskea police station, with no resultant casualties.
Lisnaskea Poor Law Union was formally declared on the 27 June 1840 and in August Sir Arthur Brooke was elected Chairman. The workhouse was built (at a total cost of over £6,400) on a six-acre site to the south of Lisnaskea purchased from Lord Erne to accommodate 500 inmates, the first of whom were received on 25 February 1843. During 1846, the number of inmates rose from 263 to 817 by the end of the year. In 1847, additional accommodation was erected for 130 inmates. In the early 1920s, during the 'Troubles' of that time, the workhouse was used to house soldiers of the Royal Hampshire Regiment. The workhouse later resumed its operation until 1940 when it was used for men of the 8th Battalion of the Sherwood Foresters. The inmates were transferred to Enniskillen, and in 1948 to Armagh. Eventually part of the workhouse was used for a time as the headquarters of Lisnaskea Fire Brigade. Later the buildings was adapted for a mixture of residential and commercial use. A large iron pot said to have held 300 gallons of gruel, rested at one time in its gardens. In July 2011, part of the upper floor of the building was completely gutted in a fire, believed to be malicious.
As with the rest of the British Isles, Lisnaskea experiences a maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters.
|Climate data for Lisnaskea 63m asl, 1981-2010|
|Average high °C (°F)||7.8
|Average low °C (°F)||1.6
|Precipitation mm (inches)||102.8
|Source: Met Office|
Lisnaskea is classified as an intermediate settlement by the NI Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) (i.e. with population between 2,250 and 4,500 people). On Census day (29 April 2001) there were 2,739 people living in Lisnaskea. Of these:
- 23.5% were aged under 16 years and 18.9% were aged 60 and over
- 46.8% of the population were male and 53.2% were female
- 74.1% were from a Catholic background and 24.5% were from a Protestant background
- 7.0% of people aged 16–74 were unemployed.
For more details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service
- Johnny Patterson (1840-1889), circus showman and song-writer lived for a time in the village. He wrote many popular songs including The garden where the praties grow and The stone outside Dan Murphy's door.
Lisnaskea railway station opened on 26 August 1858 and was shut on 1 October 1957.
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