County Fermanagh facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
County Fermanagh
Contae Fhear Manach
Coontie Fermanagh
Coat of arms of County Fermanagh
Coat of arms
Motto: Feor Magh Eanagh
Location of County Fermanagh
Country United Kingdom
Region Northern Ireland
Province Ulster
Area
 • Total 715 sq mi (1,851 km2)
 • Land 653 sq mi (1,691 km2)
Area rank 25th
Population (est. 2011) 61,805
 • Rank 28th
Contae Fhear Manach is the Irish name; Countie Fermanagh, Coontie Fermanagh and Coontie Fermanay are Ulster Scots spellings (the latter used only by Dungannon & South Tyrone Borough Council).

County Fermanagh (/fərˈmænə/ fər-MA-nə; from Irish: Fir Manach or Fear Manach, meaning "men of Manach") is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland and one of the six counties of Northern Ireland. The county covers an area of 1,691 km² (653 sq mi) and has a population of about 61,805. Enniskillen is the county town and largest in both size and population. Fermanagh is within the historic province of Ulster.

Fermanagh is one of four counties of Northern Ireland to have a majority of its population from a Catholic background, according to the 2011 census.

Geography

Fermanagh borders County Tyrone to the north-east, County Monaghan to the south-east, County Cavan to the south-west, County Leitrim to the west and County Donegal to the north-west. The county town, Enniskillen, is the largest settlement in Fermanagh, situated in the middle of the county.

It is mainly rural and is situated largely in the basin of the River Erne. It is dominated by two connected lakes: Upper and Lower Lough Erne, and, including water, spans an area of 1,851 km² (715 sq; mi). It is approximately 120 km (75 mi) from Belfast and 160 km (99 mi) from Dublin.

Fermanagh accounts for 13.2% of land mass of Northern Ireland and 30% of Fermanagh is covered with lakes and waterways.

History

The Annals of Ulster which cover medieval Ireland between AD 431 to AD 1540 were written at Belle Isle on Lough Erne near Lisbellaw.

Fermanagh was a stronghold of the Maguire clan and Donn Carrach Maguire (died 1302) was the first of the chiefs of the Maguire dynasty. However, on the confiscation of lands relating to Hugh Maguire, Fermanagh was divided in similar manner to the other five escheated counties among Scottish and English undertakers and native Irish. The baronies of Knockninny and Magheraboy were allotted to Scottish undertakers, those of Clankelly, Magherastephana and Lurg to English undertakers and those of Clanawley, Coole, and Tyrkennedy, to servitors and natives. The chief families to benefit under the new settlement were the families of Cole, Blennerhasset, Butler, Hume, and Dunbar.

Fermanagh was made into a county by statute of Elizabeth I, but it was not until the time of the Plantation of Ulster that it was finally brought under civil government.

The closure of all the lines of Great Northern Railway (Ireland) within County Fermanagh in 1957 left the county as the first non-island county in the UK without a railway service.

Industry and tourism

Agriculture and tourism are two of the most important industries in Fermanagh. The main types of farming in the area are beef, dairy, sheep, pigs and some poultry. Most of the agricultural land is used as grassland for grazing and silage or hay rather than for other crops.

The waterways are extensively used by cabin cruisers, other small pleasure craft and anglers. The main town of Fermanagh is Enniskillen (Inis Ceithleann, 'Ceithleann's island'). The island town hosts a range of attractions including the Castle Coole Estate and Enniskillen Castle, which is home to the museum of The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers and the 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards.

Attractions outside Enniskillen include:

  • Belleek Pottery
  • Castle Archdale
  • Crom Estate
  • Devenish Island
  • Florence Court
  • Marble Arch Caves

Settlements

Large towns

(population of 18,000 or more and under 75,000 at 2001 Census)

  • none

Medium towns

(population of 10,000 or more and under 18,000 at 2001 Census)

Small towns

(population of 4,500 or more and under 10,000 at 2001 Census)

  • none

Intermediate settlements

(population of 2,250 or more and under 4,500 at 2001 Census)

Villages

(population of 1,000 or more and under 2,250 at 2001 Census)

  • Ballinamallard
  • Irvinestown
  • Lisbellaw

Small villages or hamlets

(population of less than 1,000 at 2001 Census)

  • Belcoo
  • Bellanaleck
  • Belleek
  • Boho
  • Brookeborough
  • Derrygonnelly
  • Derrylin
  • Ederney
  • Garrison
  • Kesh
  • Maguiresbridge
  • Newtownbutler
  • Rosslea
  • Teemore
  • Tempo

Subdivisions

Baronies

Baronies of Fermanagh
Baronies of County Fermanagh within Northern Ireland with civil parish boundaries
  • Clanawley
  • Clankelly
  • Coole
  • Knockninny
  • Lurg
  • Magheraboy
  • Magherastephana
  • Tirkennedy

Parishes

Townlands

Surnames

Most common surnames in County Fermanagh at the time of the United Kingdom Census of 1901:

  • 1. Maguire
  • 2. McManus
  • 3. Johnston
  • 4. Armstrong
  • 5. Gallagher
  • 6. Elliott
  • 7. Murphy
  • 8. Reilly
  • 9. Cassidy
  • 10. Wilson

Images for kids


County Fermanagh Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.