Locust Point, Baltimore facts for kids

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Locust Point
Neighborhood
Traditional rowhouses on East Fort Avenue in Locust Point
Traditional rowhouses on East Fort Avenue in Locust Point
Country United States
State Maryland
City Baltimore
Area
 • Total .175 sq mi (0.45 km2)
 • Land .175 sq mi (0.45 km2)
Population (2009)
 • Total 1,858
 • Density 10,620/sq mi (4,099/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 21230
Area code 410, 443, and 667
Location Roughly bounded by Fort Ave., B & O RR., Woodall & Reynolds Sts., Baltimore, Maryland
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Area 98 acres (40 ha)
Architectural style(s) Late Federal / Greek Revivals, Italianate, Queen Anne, Classical Revival, Gothic Revival
Governing body Private

Locust Point is a peninsular neighborhood in Baltimore, Maryland. Located in South Baltimore, the neighborhood is entirely surrounded by the Locust Point Industrial Area; the traditional boundaries are Lawrence street to the west and the Patapsco River to the north, south, and east. It once served as a center of Baltimore's Polish-American, Irish-American and Italian-American communities; in more recent years Locust Point has seen gradual gentrification with the rehabilitation of Tide Point and Silo Point. The neighborhood is also noted as being the home of Fort McHenry.

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2012.

History

In 1776, with the outbreak of the American Revolution, the citizens of the City of Baltimore, assisted by the State of Maryland, dug fortifications at the end of the "Whetstone Point" peninsula that juts into Baltimore Harbor between the Northwest Branch of the Patapsco River on the north and the Middle Branch and the Ferry Branch (now the Southern Branche) to the south. This fort was named "Fort Whetstone". This fort escaped British attack, although it was nearly attacked in August 1777 when a British fleet from New York City sailed up the Chesapeake Bay to the Head of Elk in Cecil County in the northeastern corner of the state. There the ships disembarked troops heading for the new American capital city in Philadelphia, and thus engaged in the Battle of Brandywine and the Battle of Germantown. However, Baltimore was considered safe enough for the Continental Congress to meet in when Philadelphia was overrun.

Later near the war's end, French troops under Comte de Rochambeau and the American Continental troops under George Washington marched through the area and they camped for several weeks during their southward movement to trap the army of British General Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781. Hence, Fort Whetstone's batteries of cannon never yet had to fire in anger.

In 1789, there was the reorganization of the Federal Government of the United States in 1789 under the new U.S. Constitution, and the establishment of a new U.S. Army and U.S. Department of War. Then starting in 1793 the Fort was rebuilt from scratch. By 1798, a new star-shaped fortification with additional buildings, barracks, storehouses, and bunkers was constructed under the design of French military engineer Jean Foncin, and it was renamed Fort McHenry for James McHenry of Maryland, third U.S. Secretary of War.

When Fort McHenry blocked the attempted invasion of Baltimore's inner harbor by British warships in September 1814, it was located on a grassy peninsula that was used for pasture. The grassy but jaggedly shaped peninsula point had been known as Whetstone Point, also the name of a park in London, since it was established as a port of entry by the Maryland Colonial Assembly in 1706, twenty-three years before the establishment of the town. Whetstone Point and the future South Baltimore peninsula was annexed by the City of Baltimore in 1816. The peninsula was renamed Locust Point in 1846, for the locust trees growing on the peninsula.

Many of the streets built here during the later half of the 19th century bear the names of local heroes from the War of 1812. The oldest buildings are from circa 1840-1850, two-story houses on Cuba, Clement, and Towson Streets. Portions of the neighborhood were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2012.

The area of Locust Point played prominently in the second season of the Home Box Office cable TV series The Wire.

On June 10, 2013, a tornado hit the Locust Point area as a part of a Severe Storm System sprawling across the East Coast. The tornado caused damage to a warehouse nearby.

Community

Locust Point is located in Baltimore City's 11th District, with the current district representative Bill Cole. Locust Point is part of Maryland's 46th Legislative and State Senate District, with the current state senator Bill Ferguson (politician) and current delegates Peter A. Hammen, Brian K. McHale, and Luke Clippinger. Locust Point is located in Maryland's 3rd congressional district. The current president of the Locust Point Community Association is Greg Sileo.

Locust Point is home to the Baltimore Museum of Industry, Fort McHenry, and Latrobe Park. The neighborhood's restaurants and bars include Barracuda's Locust Point Tavern, City Limits Sports Bar, Sweet Caroline's, The Himalayan House, Hull Street Blues Cafe, L.P. Steamers, The Wine Market, Our House Cafe/Restaurant, and Snug & Evil Tavern. Also located in Locust Point are the Locust Point Recreation Center, a Baltimore Water Taxi stop, South Locust Point Cruise Terminal, SoBo Doggie Daycare and Spa and Francis Scott Key Elementary and Middle Grades School.


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