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Marie Félicie Élisabeth Marvingt
Marie Marvingt in Deperdussin aeroplane 1912.jpg
Marie Marvingt in her Deperdussin aeroplane, 1912
Born (1875-02-20)20 February 1875
Aurillac, in Cantal, France
Died 14 December 1963(1963-12-14) (aged 88)
Laxou, in Meurthe-et-Moselle, France
Occupation Athlete, mountaineer, aviator, nurse, journalist
Parent(s) Mother, Élisabeth née Brusquin, (died 1889); Father, Félix Marvingt, died 1916.

Marie Marvingt (20 February 1875 – 14 December 1963) was a French athlete, mountaineer, aviator, and journalist. She won numerous prizes for her sporting achievements including those of swimming, cycling, mountain climbing, winter sports, ballooning, flying, riding, gymnastics, athletics, rifle shooting, and fencing. She was the first woman to climb many of the peaks in the French and Swiss Alps. She was a record-breaking balloonist, an aviator, and during World War I she became the first female combat pilot. She was also a qualified surgical nurse, was the first trained and certified flight nurse in the world, and worked for the establishment of air ambulance services throughout the world. In 1903 M. Château de Thierry de Beaumanoir named her the fiancée of danger, which newspapers used to describe her for the rest of her life. It is also included on the commemorative plaque on the façade of the house where she lived at 8 Place de la Carrière, Nancy.

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