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Miami Gardens, Florida
The Sunshine State Arch of Miami Gardens
The Sunshine State Arch of Miami Gardens
Official seal of Miami Gardens, Florida
Seal
Location in Miami-Dade and the state of Florida.
Location in Miami-Dade and the state of Florida.
Coordinates: 25°56′31.64″N 80°16′11.71″W / 25.9421222°N 80.2699194°W / 25.9421222; -80.2699194Coordinates: 25°56′31.64″N 80°16′11.71″W / 25.9421222°N 80.2699194°W / 25.9421222; -80.2699194
Country  United States
State  Florida
County Miami-Dade
Incorporated May 13, 2003
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
Area
 • City 19.00 sq mi (49.21 km2)
 • Land 18.23 sq mi (47.21 km2)
 • Water 0.77 sq mi (2.00 km2)
Elevation
7 ft (2 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • City 111,640
 • Density 6,124.64/sq mi (2,364.79/km2)
 • Metro
5,564,635
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Zip code(s)
33014, 33054, 33055, 33056, 33152, 33169
Area code(s) 305, 786
FIPS code 12-45050
GNIS feature ID 1989951
Website miamigardens-fl.gov

Miami Gardens is a city in north-central Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. It is 16 miles north of Downtown Miami and its boundaries stretch from I-95 and NE 2nd Avenue on the east to NW 47th and NW 57th Avenues on the west, and from the Broward County line on the north to 151st Street on the south. The city name comes from one of the major roadways through the area, Miami Gardens Drive. According the US Census Bureau, the city had a population of 110,001 as of 2019, and it is Florida's largest city with a majority African American population. It is a principal city of the Miami metropolitan area, which was home to an estimated 6,012,331 people in 2015.

History

In the wake of the construction of I-95 in the late 1960s, many middle and upper income African American and West Indian American families migrated from Miami neighborhoods like Liberty City to what became Miami Gardens (also called Carol City, Norland or Norwood) as race-based covenants were outlawed with the Fair Housing Act, and mostly lower income blacks moved into the Liberty City and Little Haiti neighborhoods surrounding Liberty Square and Edison Courts.

Miami Gardens was incorporated on May 13, 2003. The city's neighborhoods of Andover, Bunche Park, Carol City, Lake Lucerne, Norland, Opa-locka North, and Scott Lake were previously unincorporated areas within Miami-Dade County.

In 2007, Mayor Shirley Gibson said that the city would no longer allow any low income housing developments; many residents blamed the developments for spreading crime throughout the city. Around that time the city's tax revenues dropped to being the third lowest in Miami-Dade County.

In 2012, Oliver Gilbert, only the second mayor the city has had, proposed to form a Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA). CRAs are formed to remove "slum and blight," to improve the physical environment of the city and to combat the social and economic problems typical of slum areas.CRAs are funded with property tax increases, which funds are used, in part, to stimulate private investment in the rehabilitation of the community. Once inaugurated, Mayor Gilbert expressed confidence that a CRA would have the effect of stimulating economic growth in Miami Gardens and proposed to establish one.

Police misconduct against Earl Sampson, who was repeatedly questioned, detained, jailed, and/or arrested for trespassing at his own workplace, against the wishes of his boss, occurred from 2008 until roughly 2013.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1990 116,713
2000 124,656 6.8%
2010 107,167 −14.0%
2020 111,640 4.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

The city was incorporated in 2003, but various parts of the city appear as census designated places in the 2000 census and previous censuses. They now make up the neighborhoods of Andover, Bunche Park, Carol City, Lake Lucerne, Norwood, Opa-locka North, and Scott Lake. The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Miami Gardens was 112,514 on July 1, 2016, a 6.5% increase since the 2010 census.

Miami Gardens Demographics
American Community Survey Miami Gardens Miami-Dade County Florida
Total population 112,514 2,664,418 19,934,451
Population density 6169/sq mi 1403/sq mi 371/sq mi
White or Caucasian (including white Hispanic) 23.1% 75.6% 75.9%
(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian) 3.3% 14.5% 55.6%
Black or African-American 73.3% 18.4% 16.1%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 25.1% 66.4% 24.1%
Asian 0.7% 1.6% 2.6%
Native American or Native Alaskan 0.1% 0.1% 0.3%
Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian 0.1% 0.0% 0.1%
Two or more races (Multiracial) 1.1% 1.5% 2.5%
Some other race 1.5% 2.8% 2.5%
# 2010-2014 Hispanic population of Miami Gardens Percentage
1 Cuban 43.94%
2 Central American 17.78%
3 Puerto Rican 11.96%
4 South American 8.25%
5 Mexican 3.06%

In 2010, there were 34,284 housing units of which 6.0% were vacant. As of 2016, the age distribution was 5.6% under the age of 5, 6.7% from 5 to 9, 6.5% from 10 to 14, 15.5% from 15 to 24, 14.6% from 25 to 34, 12.7% 35 to 44, 13.1% 45 to 54, 12.6% 55 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The population was 46.9% male and 53.1% female. Families made up 72% of households, while 28% were non-families. The average household size was 3.52 members, and the city covered 20 square miles (52 km2).

As of 2000, the Bunche Park neighborhood of Miami Gardens had the ninth highest percentage of African-American and black residents in the US, with 96.5% of the populace. It also was the most Bahamian place in the United States, as well as having the highest percentage of British West Indians in the US, at 1.8% (which tied with Brentwood, Maryland.) It was also home to the fifty-third highest percentage of Haitians in the US, at 2.8% of all residents (which also tied with Sunrise, Lake Alfred and Brentwood, New York.)

As of 2000, the Carol City section of Miami Gardens had the twenty-seventh highest percentage of Cuban residents in the US, with 18.75% of the populace. It had the nineteenth highest percentage of Jamaican residents in the US, at 5.80% (which tied with Lake Park, Florida,) and the thirty-ninth highest percentage of Dominican residents in the US, at 3% of its population. It also had the fifty-sixth most Haitians in the US, at 2.50% (tied with five other areas in the US, including Plantation and Taft, Florida) while it had the twentieth highest percentage of Nicaraguans, at 2.20% of all residents. The Carol City neighborhood of Miami Gardens is also home to the seventieth highest percentage of Colombian residents in the US, at 2.15% of the population.

As of 2000, before being annexed to Miami Gardens, the Andover neighborhood had English as a first language accounted for 74.96% of all residents, while Spanish accounted for 17.91%, French Creole accounted for 4.61%, French made up 1.58%, West African Niger-Congo languages (Kru, Igbo and Yoruba) were at 0.52%, and Yiddish was the mother tongue for 0.39% of the population.

As of 2000, before being annexed to Miami Gardens, the Bunche Park neighborhood had English as a first language accounted for 95.97% of all residents, while Spanish was at 3.07%, and French Creole as a mother tongue made up 0.94% of the population.

As of 2000, before being annexed to Miami Gardens, the Carol City neighborhood had English as a first language accounted for 53.73% of all residents, while Spanish accounted for 43.16%, and French Creole as a mother tongue made up 2.15% of the population.

As of 2000, before being annexed to Miami Gardens, the Lake Lucerne neighborhood had English as a first language accounted for 82.27% of all residents, while Spanish accounted for 14.16%, French Creole was at 2.55%, and French as a mother tongue made up 1.00% of the population.

As of 2000, before being annexed to Miami Gardens, the Norland neighborhood had English as a first language accounted for 74.87% of all residents, while French Creole accounted for 12.92%, Spanish was at 10.19%, and French as a mother tongue made up 1.02% of the population.

As of 2000, before being annexed to Miami Gardens, the Opa-Locka North neighborhood had English as a first language accounted for 75.24% of all residents, while Spanish was spoken by 21.04%, French Creole was at 3.27%, and Jamaican Creole as a mother tongue made up 0.44% of the population.

As of 2000, before being annexed to Miami Gardens, the Scott Lake neighborhood had English as a first language accounted for 85.76% of all residents, while 6.81% spoke Spanish, French Creole accounted for 5.83%, French was at 0.93%, and Jamaican Creole as a mother tongue made up 0.64% of the population.

Surrounding areas

Education

Public schools

Miami-Dade County Public Schools operates area public schools.

# Miami Gardens' elementary schools 2012 school grade
1 Brentwood Elementary School C
2 Bunche Park Elementary School A
3 Norwood Elementary School B
4 North County Elementary School C
5 Skyway Elementary School C
6 Parkway Elementary School C
# Miami Gardens' middle schools 2012 school grade
1 North Dade Middle School A
2 Lake Stevens Middle School C
3 Parkway Middle School D
4 Carol City Middle School D

Norland Middle School, in the Miami Gardens area, has a magnet program in dance, music, theatre and art, which began in 1985. The young actors Alex R. Hibbert and Jaden Piner, who starred in the Oscar-winning film Moonlight, were trained at this school.

# Miami Gardens' K–8 schools
1 North County K–8 Center
# Miami Gardens' high schools 2012 school grade and graduation rates
1 Miami Carol City Senior High School F, with a 62% graduation rate
2 Miami Norland Senior High School B, with 89% graduation rate

Private schools

The Archdiocese of Miami operates area Catholic schools. Monsignor Edward Pace High School is in the Miami Gardens city limits. The archdiocese formerly operated Saint Monica School in Miami Gardens.

Colleges and universities

Public libraries

Miami-Dade Public Library System operates the North Dade Regional Library, which opened in September 1979.

Sports facilities

The Calder Race Course opened in 1971.

Miami Gardens is home to the Miami Dolphins, who play in Hard Rock Stadium on land that was part of the Lake Lucerne CDP. This stadium also hosts the annual Orange Bowl college football game, and is the home field for the University of Miami Hurricanes football team. The Miami Open tennis tournament is held on the grounds of the stadium. The Florida Marlins Major League Baseball team shared Hard Rock Stadium with the Dolphins for almost two decades until, in 2012, they relocated to Miami and changed their name to the Miami Marlins.

In 2022, the Miami International Autodrome will be hosting the Miami Grand Prix for Formula One.

Notable residents

  • Andre Johnson, retired professional NFL football player for Houston Texans
  • Flo Rida, rapper and songwriter
  • Rick Ross, rapper and songwriter
  • Denzel Curry, rapper and songwriter
  • Lil Pump, rapper and songwriter
  • Peter O’Brien, professional baseball player
  • Jo Marie Payton, actress and singer
  • Omar Jeffery Pineiro, rapper, songwriter and producer known by his stage name "Smokepurpp"
  • Earl Sampson, convenience store worker notable for being arrested 288 times in five years.
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