kids encyclopedia robot

Middleburg, Virginia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Middleburg, Virginia
Town of Middleburg
Aerial view of Middleburg
Aerial view of Middleburg
Motto(s): 
"Semel et Semper"
Lua error in Module:Location_map at line 412: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Coordinates: 38°58′6″N 77°44′15″W / 38.96833°N 77.73750°W / 38.96833; -77.73750Coordinates: 38°58′6″N 77°44′15″W / 38.96833°N 77.73750°W / 38.96833; -77.73750
Country  United States
State  Virginia
County Loudoun
Area
 • Total 1.04 sq mi (2.70 km2)
 • Land 1.04 sq mi (2.69 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
486 ft (148 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 673
 • Estimate 
(2019)
834
 • Density 804.24/sq mi (310.49/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern Time Zone (ET))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
20117–20118
Area code(s) 540
FIPS code 51-51448
GNIS feature ID 1470422
Website www.middleburgva.gov

Middleburg is a town in Loudoun County, Virginia, United States, with a population of 673 as of the 2010 census. It is the southernmost town along Loudoun County's shared border with Fauquier County.

Middleburg is known as the "Nation's Horse and Hunt Capital" for its foxhunting, steeplechases, and large estates. The Middleburg Historic District, comprising the 19th-century center of town, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

History

The town was established in 1787 by American Revolutionary War Lieutenant Colonel and Virginia statesman, Leven Powell. He purchased the land for Middleburg at $2.50 per acre in 1763 from Joseph Chinn, a first cousin of George Washington. It had been called "Chinn's Crossroads", and was then called Powell Town. When Leven Powell declined to have the town named after him, the town was called Middleburgh, and later, simply Middleburg. The village is located midway between the port of Alexandria and Winchester, Virginia, on the Ashby Gap trading route (now followed by U.S. Route 50).

In 1863, Middleburg witnessed two skirmishes during the Gettysburg Campaign of the Civil War.

From the early 1900s, Middleburg began welcoming visitors who participated in foxhunting and steeplechasing. The village soon earned a reputation as the "Nation's Horse and Hunt Capital", attracting prominent visitors from across the U.S. Middleburg is the home of the 15,000-square-foot (1,400 m2) National Sporting Library research center for horse and field sports, which publishes Thoroughbred Heritage on the Internet. A new addition is being made to include an art gallery and museum.

In 1961, civil rights activists pressed John F. Kennedy on local segregation issues during his residency outside town.

The Middleburg Historic District, comprising the 19th-century center of town, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The oldest building in town, the Red Fox Inn, was originally established in 1728 by Joseph Chinn as Chinn's Ordinary and is billed as the oldest continually operated inn in the U.S. Also listed on the National Register of Historic Places are Benton, the Burrland Farm Historic District, Green Pastures, Huntland, Mill House, Gen. William Mitchell House, Much Haddam, Unison Historic District, and Welbourne.

Geography

Middleburg is located at 38°58′6″N 77°44′15″W / 38.96833°N 77.73750°W / 38.96833; -77.73750 (38.968411, -77.737631).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.6 square mile (1.5 km²), all land. The elevation is 486 feet.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 419
1890 429 2.4%
1900 296 −31.0%
1910 263 −11.1%
1920 283 7.6%
1930 298 5.3%
1940 629 111.1%
1950 663 5.4%
1960 761 14.8%
1970 833 9.5%
1980 619 −25.7%
1990 549 −11.3%
2000 632 15.1%
2010 673 6.5%
2019 (est.) 834 23.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 632 people, 322 households, and 171 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,083.8 people per square mile (420.7/km2). There were 364 housing units at an average density of 624.2 per square mile (242.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 76.58% White, 20.25% African American, 0.16% Asian, 1.27% from other races, and 1.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.27% of the population.

There were 322 households, out of which 20.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.2% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.6% were non-families. 39.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.96 and the average family size was 2.57.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 16.9% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 26.1% from 45 to 64, and 21.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 72.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $40,625, and the median income for a family was $60,313. Males had a median income of $41,875 versus $32,708 for females. The per capita income for the town was $32,643. About 6.7% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.7% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.

In popular culture

Middleburg was named as the location of the mysterious crop circles in the horror film spoof Scary Movie 3 (2003). The film shows an actual map of the Middleburg area, complete with actual surrounding towns and Route 15 pictured on the map.

The New Hampshire scenes in the season three "Manchester" episodes of The West Wing were filmed in Middleburg.

Transportation

U.S. Route 50 is the only primary highway directly serving Middleburg. US 50 continues westward from Middleburg to Winchester and continues west across the country, eventually reaching California. Heading east, US 50 reaches Fairfax, continues on through Washington, D.C., and eventually ends in Ocean City, Maryland.

Notable people

  • Charles T. Akre, investor, financier and businessman
  • Mo Alie-Cox (born 1993), American football tight end
  • Bill Backer (1926-2016), advertising executive and thoroughbred owner
  • Melanie Blunt, former First Lady of Missouri (2005–2009)
  • Marshall Brement, U.S. Ambassador to Iceland (1981-1985), lived in Middleburg before moving to Tucson, Arizona
  • Jack Kent Cooke (1912–1997), businessman and former owner of the Washington Redskins and the Los Angeles Lakers
  • Robert Duvall (born 1931), award-winning American actor and director
  • Edwin Broun Fred, educator
  • Sam Huff (born 1934), retired Hall-of-Fame American football player for the Washington Redskins and New York Giants
  • Rodney Jenkins, former show jumper
  • Sheila Johnson, billionaire co-founder of BET and local real estate developer
  • John F. Kennedy (1917–1963), 35th President of the United States (1961–1963), built Wexford just outside Middleburg with his wife Jacqueline (1929–1994)
  • George C. McGhee, diplomat and businessman
  • Paul Mellon (1907–1999), philanthropist and race-horse breeder and owner
  • Alice du Pont Mills (1912–2002), aviator, race-horse breeder and owner, environmentalist, philanthropist, and member of the Du Pont family
  • Lucy Minnigerode (1871-1935), superintendent, United States Public Health Service Nursing Corps
  • Wendy Pepper (1964-2017), fashion designer
  • Keshia Knight Pulliam (born 1979), actress best known for her role on The Cosby Show as Rudy Huxtable
  • Bruce Sundlun (1920-2011), businessman, lawyer, and former Governor of Rhode Island (1991–1995)
  • Elizabeth Taylor (1932–2011), actress and activist, owned a farm with her then husband, Republican senator and former U.S. Secretary of the Navy John Warner (1927–2021)
  • Stephanie Zimbalist, actress best known for her role as Laura Holt on Remington Steele

Images for kids

kids search engine
Middleburg, Virginia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.