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Fauquier County, Virginia facts for kids

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Fauquier County
Fauquier County
Fauquier County Courthouse in Warrenton
Fauquier County Courthouse in Warrenton
Official seal of Fauquier County
Map of Virginia highlighting Fauquier County
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 610: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Country  United States
State  Virginia
Founded 1759
Named for Francis Fauquier
Seat Warrenton
Largest town Warrenton
 • Total 651 sq mi (1,690 km2)
 • Land 647 sq mi (1,680 km2)
 • Water 3.8 sq mi (10 km2)  0.6%
 • Total 72,972
 • Density 112.09/sq mi (43.28/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts 1st, 5th

Fauquier is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 72,972. The county seat is Warrenton.

Fauquier County is in Northern Virginia and is a part of the Washington metropolitan area. The county is one of the fastest-growing and highest-income counties in the United States.


Portrait of Francis Fauquier, for whom Fauquier County was named

In 1608, the first European to explore in the vicinity, Captain John Smith, reported that the Whonkentia (a subgroup of the Siouan-speaking Manahoac tribe) inhabited the area. The Manahoac were forced out around 1670 by the Iroquois (Seneca), who did not resettle the area. The Conoy camped briefly near The Plains, from 1697 to 1699. The Six Nations ceded the entire region including modern Fauquier to Virginia Colony at the Treaty of Albany, in 1722.

Fauquier County was established on May 1, 1759, from Prince William County. It is named for Francis Fauquier, Lieutenant Governor of Virginia at the time, who won the land in a poker game, according to legend.

American Civil War battles in Fauquier County included (in order) the First Battle of Rappahannock Station, the Battle of Thoroughfare Gap, the Battle of Kelly's Ford, the Battle of Aldie, the Battle of Middleburg, the Battle of Upperville, the First and Second Battle of Auburn, the Battle of Buckland Mills, and the Second Battle of Rappahannock Station.

Fauquier County celebrated its 250th anniversary in 2009 with year-long events. The festivities began with the African-American Historical Association's celebration of Black History Month in February. The grand events took place on May 1 when Main Street was filled with guests and residents who enjoyed entertainment by historians, demonstrations, performances, contests, activities, lectures, Kid’s Corner, and live music. Birthday cakes were assembled and shared with the Fauquier Food Distribution Coalition. Historical site visits included some of the confederate battlefields, and many local churches hosted homecoming celebrations. Festivities concluded on December 31 with First Night Warrenton, a family-oriented event with musical performances, puppet shows and a magician.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 651 square miles (1,690 km2), of which 647 square miles (1,680 km2) is land and 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2) (0.6%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • I-66
  • US 15
  • US 17
  • US 29
  • US 50
  • US 211
  • SR 28
  • SR 55
  • SR 245


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 17,892
1800 21,329 19.2%
1810 22,689 6.4%
1820 23,103 1.8%
1830 26,086 12.9%
1840 21,897 −16.1%
1850 20,868 −4.7%
1860 21,706 4.0%
1870 19,690 −9.3%
1880 22,993 16.8%
1890 22,590 −1.8%
1900 23,374 3.5%
1910 22,526 −3.6%
1920 21,869 −2.9%
1930 21,071 −3.6%
1940 21,039 −0.2%
1950 21,248 1.0%
1960 24,066 13.3%
1970 26,375 9.6%
1980 35,889 36.1%
1990 48,741 35.8%
2000 55,139 13.1%
2010 65,203 18.3%
2020 72,972 11.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990

As of the census of 2013, there were 67,207 people, and 23,130 households in the county. The population density was 100.7 people per square mile (41/km2). There were 25,930 housing units at an average density of 45 per square mile (13/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 87.4% White, 8.2% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. 6.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2000 there were 19,842 households, out of which 36.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.80% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.70% were non-families. 18.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.14.

As of 2013, the population was spread out, with 24.2% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $93,762. The per capita income for the county was $39,600. About 3.70% of families and 5.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.70% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

The county is exurban. There has been increased growth in Warrenton and New Baltimore in recent years. The subdivisions of Brookside and Vint Hill have facilitated the growth in the eastern part of the county. There is some industry in Fauquier County, however the largest employer in the county is the county government and the hospital. As of the 2000 census, 47% of county residents that work have jobs that are outside the county. The average travel time to work is 39.2 minutes.



Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities


Elementary schools

  • C. M. Bradley Elementary School
  • James G. Brumfield Elementary School
  • W. G. Coleman Elementary School
  • Grace Miller Elementary School
  • H. M. Pearson Elementary School
  • C. Hunter Ritchie Elementary School
  • P. B. Smith Elementary School
  • Claude Thompson Elementary School
  • Mary Walter Elementary School
  • Greenville Elementary School
  • M. M. Pierce Elementary School

Middle schools

  • Auburn Middle School
  • Cedar Lee Middle School
  • W. C. Taylor Middle School
  • Marshall Middle School
  • Warrenton Middle School

High schools

  • Fauquier High School
  • Liberty High School
  • Southeastern Alternative School
  • Kettle Run High School
  • Mountain Vista Governor's School

Private schools

  • Fresta Valley Christian School
  • Highland School
  • Wakefield School

Higher education

  • Lord Fairfax Community College
  • Thorpe House Adult Learning Center

Notable people

  • Turner Ashby, born in Fauquier County, Confederate Army colonel in the American Civil War.
  • Martin Berkofsky, classical pianist and philanthropist.
  • Irv Cross, American footballer and sportscaster.
  • Robert Duvall, American-born actor who maintains a farm in The Plains.
  • Bertram and Diana Firestone, owners of Newstead Farm.
  • George B. Fitch, American businessman, Mayor of Warrenton, founder of Jamaican Bobsled Team.
  • Rear Admiral Cary Travers Grayson, owner of historic Blue Ridge Farm.
  • Eppa Hunton, U.S. Representative and Senator from Virginia, born and lived in Warrenton.
  • Charles Marshall, born in Warrenton, assistant adjutant general, aide de camp and military secretary to Gen. Robert E. Lee. Grandnephew of Chief Justice John Marshall.
  • John Marshall, born in Fauquier County, Chief Justice of the United States.
  • Paul Mellon, philanthropist, an Exemplar of Racing and owner of Rokeby Farm.
  • John S. Mosby, lived in Warrenton, was a Confederate partisan ranger and cavalryman during the American Civil War. Buried in Warrenton cemetery.
  • Albert Rust, 19th-century American politician who served as a senior officer of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War (1861–1865).
  • Michaele Salahi and Tareq Salahi, the White House Gate Crashers.
  • Willard Scott, an American media personality best known for his work on NBC's The Today Show who lived in Paris, Virginia.
  • Scott Shipp, born in Warrenton, Superintendent of Virginia Military Institute from 1890 to 1907.
  • William "Extra Billy" Smith, died in Warrenton, was a lawyer, congressman, two time Governor of Virginia and one of the oldest Confederate generals in the American Civil War.
  • Liz Whitney Tippett, owner of the Llangollen estate.
  • Karen O'Connor and David O'Connor, Olympic eventing riders

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