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Fauquier County, Virginia facts for kids

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Fauquier County, Virginia
Seal of Fauquier County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Fauquier County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the USA highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1759
Seat Warrenton
Largest town Warrenton
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

651 sq mi (1,686 km²)
647 sq mi (1,676 km²)
3.8 sq mi (10 km²), 0.6%
 - (2016)
 - Density

105/sq mi (41/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Named for: Francis Fauquier

Fauquier /fɔːˈkɪər/ is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 65,203. The county seat is Warrenton.

Fauquier County is in Northern Virginia and is a part of the Washington metropolitan area. The county is one of the fastest-growing and highest-income counties in the United States.


Portrait of Francis Fauquier, for whom Fauquier County was named

In 1608, the first European to explore in the vicinity, Captain John Smith, reported that the Whonkentia (a subgroup of the Siouan-speaking Manahoac tribe) inhabited the area. The Manahoac were forced out around 1670 by the Iroquois (Seneca), who did not resettle the area. The Conoy camped briefly near The Plains, from 1697 to 1699. The Six Nations ceded the entire region including modern Fauquier to Virginia Colony at the Treaty of Albany, in 1722.

Fauquier County was established on May 1, 1759, from Prince William County. It is named for Francis Fauquier, Lieutenant Governor of Virginia at the time, who won the land in a poker game, according to legend.

American Civil War battles in Fauquier County included (in order) the First Battle of Rappahannock Station, the Battle of Thoroughfare Gap, the Battle of Kelly's Ford, the Battle of Aldie, the Battle of Middleburg, the Battle of Upperville, the First and Second Battle of Auburn, the Battle of Buckland Mills, and the Second Battle of Rappahannock Station.

Fauquier County celebrated its 250th anniversary in 2009 with year-long events. The festivities began with the African-American Historical Association's celebration of Black History Month in February. The grand events took place on May 1 when Main Street was filled with guests and residents who enjoyed entertainment by historians, demonstrations, performances, contests, activities, lectures, Kid’s Corner, and live music. Birthday cakes were assembled and shared with the Fauquier Food Distribution Coalition. Historical site visits included some of the confederate battlefields, and many local churches hosted homecoming celebrations. Festivities concluded on December 31 with First Night Warrenton, a family-oriented event with musical performances, puppet shows and a magician.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 651 square miles (1,690 km2), of which 647 square miles (1,680 km2) is land and 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2) (0.6%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • I-66
  • US 15
  • US 17
  • US 29
  • US 50
  • US 211
  • SR 28
  • SR 55
  • SR 245


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 17,892
1800 21,329 19.2%
1810 22,689 6.4%
1820 23,103 1.8%
1830 26,086 12.9%
1840 21,897 −16.1%
1850 20,868 −4.7%
1860 21,706 4.0%
1870 19,690 −9.3%
1880 22,993 16.8%
1890 22,590 −1.8%
1900 23,374 3.5%
1910 22,526 −3.6%
1920 21,869 −2.9%
1930 21,071 −3.6%
1940 21,039 −0.2%
1950 21,248 1.0%
1960 24,066 13.3%
1970 26,375 9.6%
1980 35,889 36.1%
1990 48,741 35.8%
2000 55,139 13.1%
2010 65,203 18.3%
Est. 2016 68,168 4.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

As of the census of 2013, there were 67,207 people, and 23,130 households in the county. The population density was 100.7 people per square mile (41/km2). There were 25,930 housing units at an average density of 45 per square mile (13/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 87.4% White, 8.2% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. 6.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2000 there were 19,842 households out of which 36.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.80% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.70% were non-families. 18.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.14.

As of 2013, the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $93,762. The per capita income for the county was $39,600. About 3.70% of families and 5.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.70% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

The county is exurban. There has been increased growth in Warrenton and New Baltimore in recent years. The subdivisions of Brookside and Vint Hill have facilitated the growth in the eastern part of the county. There is some industry in Fauquier County, however the largest employer in the County is the county government and the hospital. As of the 2000 census, 47% of county residents that work have jobs that are outside the county. The average travel time to work is 39.2 minutes.



Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

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