Minnehaha County, South Dakota facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Minnehaha County, South Dakota
Map
Map of South Dakota highlighting Minnehaha County
Location in the state of South Dakota
Map of the USA highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1868
Seat Sioux Falls
Largest City Sioux Falls
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

814 sq mi (2,108 km²)
807 sq mi (2,090 km²)
6.7 sq mi (17 km²), 0.8%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

185,197
210/sq mi (81/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.minnehahacounty.org

Minnehaha County is a county located along the eastern border in the state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 169,468, making it the most populous county in South Dakota. Its county seat is Sioux Falls, the largest city in the state. The county was created by European Americans in 1862 and organized in 1868. Its name was derived from the Sioux word Mnihaha, meaning "rapid water," or "waterfall" (often also incorrectly translated as "laughing water").

Minnehaha County is part of the Sioux Falls, SD Metropolitan Statistical Area, the largest in the state. It is the site of a former listed Superfund site, the Williams Pipeline Company Disposal Site, which has been cleaned up under direction of the Environmental Protection Agency to contain and remove environmental hazards.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 814 square miles (2,110 km2), of which 807 square miles (2,090 km2) is land and 6.7 square miles (17 km2) (0.8%) is water. The Big Sioux River flows through it.

Lakes

  • Beaver Lake
  • Buffalo Lake
  • Clear Lake
  • Covell Lake
  • Fenstrman Slough
  • Grass Lake
  • Loss Lake
  • Lost Lake
  • Rehfeldt Slough
  • Scott Lake

Major highways

  • I-29.svg Interstate 29
  • I-90.svg Interstate 90
  • I-229.svg Interstate 229
  • SD 11.svg South Dakota Highway 11
  • SD 19.svg South Dakota Highway 19
  • SD 38.svg South Dakota Highway 38
  • SD 42.svg South Dakota Highway 42
  • SD 115.svg South Dakota Highway 115

Airport

Sioux Falls Regional Airport (FSD) serves Minnehaha county and the surrounding communities.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 355
1880 8,251 2,224.2%
1890 21,879 165.2%
1900 23,926 9.4%
1910 29,631 23.8%
1920 42,490 43.4%
1930 50,872 19.7%
1940 57,697 13.4%
1950 70,910 22.9%
1960 86,575 22.1%
1970 95,209 10.0%
1980 109,435 14.9%
1990 123,809 13.1%
2000 148,281 19.8%
2010 169,468 14.3%
Est. 2016 187,318 10.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 148,281 people, 57,996 households, and 37,581 families residing in the county. The population density was 183 people per square mile (71/km²). There were 60,237 housing units at an average density of 74 per square mile (29/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.03% White, 1.51% Black or African American, 1.85% Native American, 1.01% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.04% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. 2.15% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 57,996 households out of which 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.80% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.20% were non-families. 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 10.80% from 18 to 24, 32.00% from 25 to 44, 20.00% from 45 to 64, and 11.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,566, and the median income for a family was $52,031. Males had a median income of $32,208 versus $24,691 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,713. About 5.00% of families and 7.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.90% of those under age 18 and 7.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 169,468 people, 67,028 households, and 42,052 families residing in the county. The population density was 210.0 inhabitants per square mile (81.1/km2). There were 71,557 housing units at an average density of 88.7 per square mile (34.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 88.1% white, 3.8% black or African American, 2.5% American Indian, 1.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.8% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 43.8% were German, 17.7% were Norwegian, 11.6% were Irish, 6.8% were Dutch, 6.3% were English, and 3.2% were American.

Of the 67,028 households, 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.3% were non-families, and 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.03. The median age was 34.5 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $51,799 and the median income for a family was $64,645. Males had a median income of $40,187 versus $31,517 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,392. About 6.9% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Townships

The county is divided into twenty-four townships:

  • Brandon
  • Benton
  • Buffalo
  • Burk
  • Clear Lake
  • Dell Rapids
  • Edison
  • Grand Meadow
  • Hartford
  • Highland
  • Humboldt
  • Logan
  • Lyons
  • Mapleton
  • Palisade
  • Red Rock
  • Sioux Falls
  • Split Rock
  • Sverdrup
  • Taopi
  • Valley Springs
  • Wall Lake
  • Wayne
  • Wellington

Historical townsites

East Sioux Falls, SD 1
Sign marking the site of the former town of East Sioux Falls

Minnehaha County, South Dakota Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.