Mountain Grove, Missouri facts for kids

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Mountain Grove, Missouri
City
Nickname(s): show me state
Location of Mountain Grove, Missouri
Location of Mountain Grove, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
Counties Wright, Texas
Area
 • Total 4.04 sq mi (10.46 km2)
 • Land 4.01 sq mi (10.39 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation 1,480 ft (451 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,789
 • Estimate (2012) 4,756
 • Density 1,194.3/sq mi (461.1/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 65711
Area code(s) 417
FIPS code 29-50402
GNIS feature ID 0751209

Mountain Grove is a city in Texas and Wright Counties in the U.S. state of Missouri, located in south central Missouri. The population was 4,789 at the 2010 census.

History

Mountain Grove was originally called "Fyan". A post office called Mountain Grove has been in operation since 1875. The community owes its present name to a stand of trees near the original elevated town site.

In 1841 a settlement was built on land east of Mountain Grove near a spring in a grove of hickory timber. A post office was established in Hickory Spring in 1853. The post office, in 1878, was named for Judge Robert W. Fyan, a prominent figure in early county history. In 1859, a general store was built at the crossroads about a mile west of Hickory Spring. The old post office established under the name of Fyan before the Civil War changed to Mountain Grove, with reference to its location on a ridge in a grove of trees, in 1878.(Bell, Margaret E. "Place Names In The Southwest Border Counties Of Missouri." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1933.)

This became known as the "mountain store, mountain grove or the mountain" because the elevation is 1,525 feet. One of the most famous incidents in Mountain Grove occurred in the middle of May 1883 when what was called a "nipping frost" caused every tree, sapling and shrub in the community of Fyan and the Fyan depot to be cut clean as from an axe. Thus, the joining of Mountain Grove and adjoining Fyan occurred. In June, the name of the depot was changed to Mountain Grove. The town reapplied for a charter in 1886, changed its boundaries and held its first election.

Administration Building, Missouri State Fruit Experiment Station, Mountain Grove Bandstand, and Mountain Grove City Hall are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

Mountain Grove is located at 37°7′56″N 92°15′50″W / 37.13222°N 92.26389°W / 37.13222; -92.26389 (37.132243, −92.263849). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.04 square miles (10.46 km2), of which, 4.01 square miles (10.39 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 92
1890 830 802.2%
1900 1,004 21.0%
1910 1,722 71.5%
1920 2,212 28.5%
1930 2,229 0.8%
1940 2,431 9.1%
1950 3,106 27.8%
1960 3,176 2.3%
1970 3,377 6.3%
1980 3,974 17.7%
1990 4,182 5.2%
2000 4,574 9.4%
2010 4,789 4.7%
Est. 2015 4,685 −2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,789 people, 2,008 households, and 1,217 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,194.3 inhabitants per square mile (461.1/km2). There were 2,290 housing units at an average density of 571.1 per square mile (220.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.4% White, 0.3% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population.

There were 2,008 households of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.4% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.02.

The median age in the city was 37.7 years. 26.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22% were from 25 to 44; 22.9% were from 45 to 64; and 19.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.3% male and 53.7% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,574 people, 1,976 households, and 1,235 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,091.6 people per square mile (421.5/km²). There were 2,244 housing units at an average density of 535.5 per square mile (206.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.44% White, 0.17% African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.48% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.09% of the population.

There were 1,976 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 20.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 80.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,131, and the median income for a family was $25,927. Males had a median income of $24,913 versus $17,003 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,508. About 22.9% of families and 28.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.1% of those under age 18 and 18.0% of those age 65 or over.


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