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Mountain Grove, Missouri
City of Mountain Grove
Union Street
Union Street
Location of Mountain Grove, Missouri
Location of Mountain Grove, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
Counties Wright, Texas
Area
 • Total 4.05 sq mi (10.48 km2)
 • Land 4.01 sq mi (10.40 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation
1,480 ft (451 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 4,313
 • Estimate 
(2019)
4,690
 • Density 1,168.12/sq mi (451.03/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
65711
Area code(s) 417
FIPS code 29-50402
GNIS feature ID 0751209
Website https://www.mountaingrove.net/

Mountain Grove is a city in Wright County and Texas County in the U.S. state of Missouri. It lies within the Ozarks in the south-central part of the state. The population was 4,313 at the 2020 census.

History

Mountain Grove was originally called "Fyan". A post office called Mountain Grove has been in operation since 1875. The community owes its present name to a stand of trees near the original elevated town site.

In 1841 a settlement was built on land east of Mountain Grove near a spring in a grove of hickory timber. A post office was established in Hickory Spring in 1853. The post office, in 1878, was named for Judge Robert W. Fyan, a prominent figure in early county history. In 1859, a general store was built at the crossroads about a mile west of Hickory Spring. The old post office established under the name of Fyan before the Civil War changed to Mountain Grove, with reference to its location on a ridge in a grove of trees, in 1878.(Bell, Margaret E. "Place Names In The Southwest Border Counties Of Missouri." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1933.)

This became known as the "mountain store, mountain grove or the mountain" because the elevation is 1,525 feet. One of the most famous incidents in Mountain Grove occurred in the middle of May 1883 when what was called a "nipping frost" caused every tree, sapling and shrub in the community of Fyan and the Fyan depot to be cut clean as from an axe. Thus, the joining of Mountain Grove and adjoining Fyan occurred. In June, the name of the depot was changed to Mountain Grove. The town reapplied for a charter in 1886, changed its boundaries and held its first election.

Administration Building, Missouri State Fruit Experiment Station, Mountain Grove Bandstand, and Mountain Grove City Hall are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

Mountain Grove is located at 37°7′56″N 92°15′50″W / 37.13222°N 92.26389°W / 37.13222; -92.26389 (37.132243, −92.263849). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.04 square miles (10.46 km2), of which, 4.01 square miles (10.39 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 92
1890 830 802.2%
1900 1,004 21.0%
1910 1,722 71.5%
1920 2,212 28.5%
1930 2,229 0.8%
1940 2,431 9.1%
1950 3,106 27.8%
1960 3,176 2.3%
1970 3,377 6.3%
1980 3,974 17.7%
1990 4,182 5.2%
2000 4,574 9.4%
2010 4,789 4.7%
2019 (est.) 4,690 −2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,789 people, 2,008 households, and 1,217 families living in the city. The population density was 1,194.3 inhabitants per square mile (461.1/km2). There were 2,290 housing units at an average density of 571.1 per square mile (220.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.4% White, 0.3% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population.

There were 2,008 households, of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.4% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.02.

The median age in the city was 37.7 years. 26.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22% were from 25 to 44; 22.9% were from 45 to 64; and 19.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.3% male and 53.7% female.

Education

Mountain Grove public schools are a class 3A school in Missouri, including one elementary grades Pre-K through 4th, one middle school grades 5th–8th, and one high school grades 9th–12th. Mountain Grove High School also houses Ozark Mountain Technical Center, which allows students to gain technology skills necessary for vocational career paths.

Mountain Grove Christian Academy has approximately 68 students, grade Pre-K through 12th.

The Agriculture Department of Missouri State University operates the 190-acre (0.77 km2) Missouri State Fruit Experiment Station in Mountain Grove. The station includes the Center for Grapevine Biotechnology and the Mountain Grove Cellars. It is associated primarily with the university's Plant Science master's degree Program.

Mountain Grove has a public library, a branch of the Wright County Library.

Notable people

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