kids encyclopedia robot

Nanticoke, Pennsylvania facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Nanticoke, Pennsylvania
Aerial view of Nanticoke, looking southwest.
Aerial view of Nanticoke, looking southwest.
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Luzerne
Settled 1800
Incorporated (borough) 1874
Incorporated (city) 1926
 • Total 3.6 sq mi (9 km2)
 • Land 3.5 sq mi (9 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 696 ft (212 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 10,465
 • Density 2,910/sq mi (1,122/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 18634
Area code(s) 570

Nanticoke is a city in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is located within the Wyoming Valley. The population was 10,465 as of the 2010 census. It occupies 3.5 square miles of land. In the late 19th century, Nanticoke was carved out of Hanover Township and Newport Township.


Armory, Nanticoke, Pa (79610)
Armory in Nanticoke
Nanticoke, Pennsylvania (8482121233)
Downtown Nanticoke

The name Nanticoke was derived from Nantego, the Native American tidewater people who moved here when their Maryland lands were spoiled for hunting by the colonial settlement in 1608.

Nanticoke was incorporated as a village in 1830; Nanticoke was chartered by the Pennsylvania Legislature as a borough on January 31, 1874.

Nanticoke experienced its greatest increase in population between 1917 and 1925 and qualified to become a Third Class City. The citizens voted in the fall of 1924 to form a city government, and elections were held the following year. The new city government consisted of a Mayor and four Councilmen who took office in January 1926, which was the official date of becoming a Third Class City. The first mayor of Nanticoke City was Dan Sakowski.

Samuel H. Kress opened his first store, which grew into the national S. H. Kress & Co. chain, in Nanticoke.

The Concrete City, built by the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad's coal division in 1911 to house its workers, is located near the Hanover section of Nanticoke. Abandoned since 1924, it was designated a historic site in 1998, and its remains still stand as a tourist attraction. The original road that used to run to the structures has been bulldozed, though it still remains on maps. There is an alternate entrance route that does not appear on maps. It can be found at the end of Bliss & Mosier St's - Hanover section of Nanticoke

Nanticoke city officials voted unanimously to apply to the state for Act 47, or economically distressed city status, which was granted in 2006. Nanticoke faced a projected $700,000 deficit that year, with revenues flat and falling far behind expenses.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 3,884
1890 10,044 158.6%
1900 12,116 20.6%
1910 18,877 55.8%
1920 22,614 19.8%
1930 26,043 15.2%
1940 24,387 −6.4%
1950 20,160 −17.3%
1960 15,601 −22.6%
1970 14,638 −6.2%
1980 13,044 −10.9%
1990 12,267 −6.0%
2000 10,955 −10.7%
2010 10,465 −4.5%
Est. 2015 10,258 −2.0%

At its height in the 1930s the city of Nanticoke was home to over 27,000 people. As of the census of 2000, there were 10,955 people, 4,850 households, and 2,905 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,124.0 people per square mile (1,205.1/km2). There were 5,487 housing units at an average density of 1,564.7 per square mile (603.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.84% White, 0.27% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 0.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.45% of the population.

There were 4,850 households, out of which 23.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.1% were non-families. 35.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 19.7% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 23.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,169, and the median income for a family was $35,444. Males had a median income of $30,125 versus $20,265 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,348. About 11.5% of families and 15.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.1% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.

Ancestries: Polish (49.7%), German (13.0%), Irish (10.8%), Italian (8.4%), Welsh (6.4%), Slovak (5.3%).


Nanticoke is located at 41°11′58″N 75°59′57″W / 41.19944°N 75.99917°W / 41.19944; -75.99917 (41.199514, -75.999119).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2), of which 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), or 3.05%, is water. Nanticoke is located in the Wyoming Valley (near the Susquehanna River). The elevation is 696 feet (212 m). Both the Lower Broadway Street Bridge and the South Cross Valley Expressway cross over the Susquehanna River and connect Nanticoke with Plymouth Township. The topography of Nanticoke City is hilly.

1858 Anthracite Map Detail
The Anthracite Coal Fields map illustrates the mine operations in and around Nanticoke and Wilkes-Barre in 1858. The extent of the great coal basin is shown in dark grey, and indicates the great bounty of anthracite coal below the surface. Nanticoke can be seen on the far left.


Aerial photo of Wyoming Valley Airport, Wilkes-Barre, Pa (63541)
Wyoming Valley Airport


  • Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport
  • Wilkes-Barre Wyoming Valley Airport
  • Hazleton Municipal Airport

Major highways

  • I-81
  • US 11
  • PA 29

Images for kids

kids search engine
Nanticoke, Pennsylvania Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.