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New Philadelphia, Ohio
West High Avenue in downtown New Philadelphia
West High Avenue in downtown New Philadelphia
Location of New Philadelphia, Ohio
Location of New Philadelphia, Ohio
Location of New Philadelphia in Tuscarawas County
Location of New Philadelphia in Tuscarawas County
Country United States
State Ohio
County Tuscarawas
Incorporated February 12, 1833
Area
 • Total 8.40 sq mi (21.74 km2)
 • Land 8.22 sq mi (21.29 km2)
 • Water 0.17 sq mi (0.45 km2)
Elevation
906 ft (276 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 17,677
 • Density 2,104.4/sq mi (813.11/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
44663
Area code(s) 330
FIPS code 39-55216
GNIS feature ID 1065105
Website http://www.newphilaoh.com/

New Philadelphia is a city in and the county seat of Tuscarawas County, Ohio, United States. The county's largest city, New Philadelphia is located on the Tuscarawas River. It is located 85 miles (137 km) south of Cleveland, 119 miles (192 km) northeast of Columbus and 90 miles (140 km) west of Pittsburgh. The population was 17,677 at the 2020 census.

In 1772, the Moravian Christians founded Schoenbrunn in the area, which was the first settlement of the Northwest Territory. The Christian pacifist settlement was subsequently abandoned during the American Revolution. After the area was resettled in 1804, because of the presence of coal and clay, early industry in the city centered on mining interests and the manufacture of steel, canned goods, roofing tile, sewer pipe, bricks, vacuum cleaners, stovepipes, carriages, flour, brooms, and pressed, stamped, and enameled goods.

New Philadelphia is a principal city in the New Philadelphia–Dover, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Tuscarawas County, as well as the southern regions of Northeast Ohio.

History

Restored cottages of the Moravian Indians in Schoenbrunn, Ohio
Reconstructed village of Schoenbrunn

The Moravian Church founded Schoenbrunn ("beautiful spring") in 1772 as a mission to the Delaware Indians. The settlement grew to include sixty dwellings and more than 300 inhabitants who drew up Ohio's first civil code and built its first Christian church and schoolhouse. Problems associated with the American Revolution prompted Schoenbrunn's closing in 1777.

The founder, John Knisely, returned to Ohio in 1804 with his family and 33 other pioneers, he also hired surveyor John Wells to plot out New Philadelphia in the same grid style as Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

In 1833, New Philadelphia contained county buildings, a printing office, several stores, and five taverns.

Geography

New Philadelphia is located at 40°29′22″N 81°26′50″W / 40.48944°N 81.44722°W / 40.48944; -81.44722 (40.489411, -81.447324), along the Tuscarawas River. It lies within the ecoregion of the Western Allegheny Plateau.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.39 square miles (21.73 km2), of which 8.22 square miles (21.29 km2) is land and 0.17 square miles (0.44 km2) is water.

Layout

New Philadelphia's design was based on the design of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The two main streets in the city are High Avenue and Broadway, both of which were named after two main streets from Philadelphia, except, in Philadelphia, High Avenue was renamed Market Street in 1858, "the High Street" was the familiar name of the principal street in nearly every English town at the time Philadelphia was founded, and Broad Street is the closest street name in Philadelphia to Broadway. No historical records exist for a road named Broadway in Philadelphia.

Boulevard

The chief way to reach Dover is through 4th St NW, which is renamed the Boulevard in Dover. The street features four-lane streets with medians. Right before Dover it opens up and features a Wendy's, McDonald's, Arby's, and Burger King with a Taco Bell being slightly past the border.

Demographics

Tuscarawas County Courthouse
The Tuscarawas County Courthouse in New Philadelphia in 2006
Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 236
1850 1,413
1870 3,143
1880 3,070 −2.3%
1890 4,456 45.1%
1900 6,213 39.4%
1910 8,542 37.5%
1920 10,718 25.5%
1930 12,365 15.4%
1940 12,328 −0.3%
1950 12,948 5.0%
1960 14,241 10.0%
1970 15,184 6.6%
1980 16,921 11.4%
1990 15,698 −7.2%
2000 17,056 8.7%
2010 17,288 1.4%
2020 17,677 2.3%
Sources:

2020 census

As of the census of 2020, there were 17,677 people, 7,282 households, and 4,541 families living in the city. The population density was 2,103.2 inhabitants per square mile (812.1/km2). There were 7,909 housing units at an average density of 962.2 per square mile (371.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.0% White, 1.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.2% of the population.

There were 7,282 households, of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.6% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.87.

The median age in the city was 40.4 years. 21.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.9% were from 25 to 44; 27.6% were from 45 to 64; and 16.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.

Tuscora Park

2006-05-30 20-12-26nptuscorapark
Tuscora Park in New Philadelphia features a carousel, Ferris wheel, and other rides.

Tuscora Park is a municipal park that features a carousel, Ferris wheel, train and other rides, along with miniature golf and batting cages. Tuscora Park was originally built as a project of the Works Progress Administration; original stone work gates, paths and retaining walls still adorn the park. The park is now the home of the Park Place Teen Center, a facility for high school students that provides entertainment of all types. Events at the park include a Summer Showcase and the annual First Town Days festival.

The Summer Showcase is held in the Tuscora Park Amphitheater. Events at the amphitheater include Sunday church services, plays and concerts featuring local talent. On the last day of the First Town Days festival the park hosts the U.S. Air Force Band of Flight, which plays in the amphitheater.

Around 1940, New Philadelphia purchased the Herschell-Spillman carousel secondhand. It is a rare all-wooden carousel. It includes 36 carved wooden jumping horses, two chariots and 428 individual lights. The center panels are adorned with 14 original oil paintings. Music is provided by a Wurlitzer 153 band calliope. The carousel is 40 feet in diameter and weighs 10 tons. It was manufactured in 1928 by the Spillman Manufacturing Company of North Tonawanda, New York. David Miller is well known for his 40 years of service on the Tuscora Park Carousel. The First Town Days, which includes a Grand Parade and fireworks display, runs on the weekend leading up to the Fourth of July.

The company that manages Tuscora Park is a non-profit, RTY Inc. The organization frequently hires high school and college students to operate rides and sell tickets.

Education

Primary and secondary

Children in New Philadelphia are served by the New Philadelphia City School District. The current schools in the district are:

  • Central Elementary School – 145 Ray Avenue NW, grade 5
  • East Elementary School – 470 Fair Avenue NE, grades K-1
  • South Elementary School – 132 Providence Avenue SW, grades 2-3
  • West Elementary School – 232 Tuscarawas Avenue NW, grade 4
  • York Elementary School – 938 Stonecreek Road SW, grades K-1
  • Welty Middle School – 315 Fourth Street NW, grades 6-8
  • New Philadelphia High School – 343 Ray Avenue NW, grades 9-12

Postsecondary

Kent State University at Tuscarawas, a regional campus of Kent State University, is located in the city. The campus, which now covers 180 acres (73 ha) and four buildings, opened in 1968 and, as of September 2016, had an enrollment of 2,066 students. The campus offers 11 bachelor's and 15 associate degree programs, and students can begin any of the nearly 300 degree programs offered by Kent State. Kent State Tuscarawas is unique in that it is locally owned, the only locally owned regional campus in Ohio.

Library

New Philadelphia has the main branch of the Tuscarawas County Public Library. The Tuscarawas County Public Library System consist of five locations: The Main Library, Bolivar Branch, Strasburg Branch, Sugarcreek Branch, Tuscarawas Branch, and a Mobile Services Department. The Main Library is located at 121 Fair Avenue just off of North Broadway Street. TCPL is a member of the SEO(Serving Every Ohioan) Library Consortium, a system with nearly two-hundred public libraries.

Retail

The city's main retail center is in and around New Towne Mall, which opened in 1988.

Notable people

  • A. Victor Donahey, Ohio governor, United States senator
  • William Donahey, illustrator, The Teenie Weenies
  • Norman Bel Geddes, industrial designer
  • Cie Grant, former National Football League player for the New Orleans Saints
  • Woody Hayes, Football coach for Ohio State University
  • William Helmick, Republican congressman
  • Dave Leggett, football player for the Ohio State Buckeyes and the Chicago Cardinals
  • John Mackey, American composer
  • Bill Moffit, American composer
  • William H. Nicklas, church architect
  • Hugh Talbot Patrick. pioneering American neurologist
  • Lenny Simonetti, professional football player
  • Victor Sterki, physician, malacologist, naturalist, research associate Carnegie Museum Natural History (Pittsburgh)
  • J. Foster Wilkin, Ohio Supreme Court justice
  • Robert Nugen Wilkin, federal judge and Ohio Supreme Court justice
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