North Richmond, California facts for kids
|• Total||1.549 sq mi (4.012 km2)|
|• Land||1.408 sq mi (3.648 km2)|
|• Water||0.141 sq mi (0.364 km2) 9.1%|
|Elevation||16 ft (5 m)|
|• Density||2,399.6/sq mi (926.47/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1659249, 2583096|
North Richmond is a community in Contra Costa County, California, a census-designated place (CDP) of 3,717 adjacent to and nearly surrounded by the city Richmond, to which it is generally both socially and culturally associated. North Richmond is the poorest community in Contra Costa County.
The area of North Richmond was populated by Ohlone tribes which settled the area in the 6th century. However Hokan speaking people may have inhabited the area even earlier, and archaeological evidence shows human settlement to have begun at least by 4000 BC. The Ohlone tribesmen subsisted from hunter-gatherering the bountiful amount of land and sea life of the area. Especially the great amounts of seafood made available along the coastline of Castro Cove and the surrounding marshlands and delta of Wildcat and San Pablo creeks. The majority of present-day North Richmond was territory of the Karkin tribe (or Carquinez) however the land lies on what was a border area with the Chocheño tribe and likely had influences of both groups. The tribes made great use of the salmon and trout runs on the rivers. However, today, culverting and damming has decimated the habitat for these species and they are rarely present ever at the opening of the watercourse.
In the early part of the 20th century, North Richmond was populated by Italian-Americans. During World War II, many African-Americans moved from the South and Midwest and came to the Western United States in order to find jobs helping the war effort. Many came to work in Richmond's shipyards and consequently, moved into North Richmond.
Subsequently many of the residents were employed in the petroleum, railway, and shipping industries.
To this day, most of the residents are African American. Today, the area retains the label of "The Ghetto" due to its high crime rates, unemployment, and poverty. Since the 1970s, many Latinos, especially Mexicans, have moved into the area. More recently, there has been an influx of Asian immigrants. In the 2000s there was a mass exodus of businesses.
Currently the population is estimated to be about 2,300 by the county of Contra Costa and 2,500 by the Richmond Confidential.
The 2010 United States Census reported that North Richmond had a population of 3,717. The population density was 2,399.6 people per square mile (926.5/km²). The racial makeup of North Richmond was 1,239 (33.3%) African American, 634 (17.1%) White, 431 (11.6%) Asian, 23 (0.6%) Native American, 18 (0.5%) Pacific Islander, 1,191 (32.0%) from other races, and 181 (4.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,862 persons (50.1%).
The Census reported that 100% of the population lived in households.
There were 1,027 households, out of which 551 (53.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 412 (40.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 271 (26.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 95 (9.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 86 (8.4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 4 (0.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 184 households (17.9%) were made up of individuals and 70 (6.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.62. There were 778 families (75.8% of all households); the average family size was 4.02.
The population was spread out with 1,152 people (31.0%) under the age of 18, 456 people (12.3%) aged 18 to 24, 1,187 people (31.9%) aged 25 to 44, 712 people (19.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 210 people (5.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.0 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.7 males.
There were 1,237 housing units at an average density of 798.6 per square mile (308.3/km²), of which 471 (45.9%) were owner-occupied, and 556 (54.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 4.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 14.6%. 1,692 people (45.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,025 people (54.5%) lived in rental housing units.
Sports such as baseball and basketball are important activities in the neighborhood, especially for young men. Baseball is played at the North Richmond Ballfield Complex and at Shields-Reid Park. Baseball has been a long tradition here and has been played by residents for decades. The Bay Area's Hyphy scene also resonates in this community, especially among many young people who aspire to be rappers and singers. Hip hop, Rap, and R&B music, as with many areas densely populated by African Americans, is prominent among the area's youth.
This area is served by AC Transit bus lines 76, 71, and 376, that connect the community with Richmond BART & Amtrak station, Contra Costa College in San Pablo, and Hilltop Mall in addition to other areas of west county. The line 376 is an owl service and due to several assaults and other crimes committed on board during 2010 the bus is now escorted by a county sheriff's vehicle while its in the towns limits. In fact many bus drivers refuse to work this line because of how dangerous it can be. Richmond Parkway, a connector between I-580 at Point Richmond and I-80 at the Hilltop area, runs through the west of North Richmond.
North Richmond, California Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.