Pietermaritzburg facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Pietermaritzburg
umGungundlovu (in Zulu)
City of Choice
Pietermaritzburg City Hall
Pietermaritzburg City Hall
Nickname(s): PMB, Maritzburg
Country South Africa
Province KwaZulu-Natal
District uMgungundlovu
Municipality Msunduzi
Established 1839
Area
 • Total 126.15 km2 (48.71 sq mi)
Elevation 596 m (1,955 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 223,448
 • Density 1,771.29/km2 (4,587.62/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African 70.0%
 • Coloured 6.9%
 • Indian/Asian 8.4%
 • White 14.2%
 • Other 0.5%
First languages (2011)
 • Zulu 57.0%
 • English 28.9%
 • Afrikaans 4.2%
 • Xhosa 3.5%
 • Other 6.3%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Postal code (street) 3201
PO box 3200
Area code 033

Pietermaritzburg is the capital and second-largest city in the province of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. It was founded in 1838 and is currently governed by the Msunduzi Local Municipality. Its Zulu name umGungundlovu is the name used for the district municipality. Pietermaritzburg is popularly called Maritzburg in Afrikaans, English and Zulu alike, and often informally abbreviated to PMB. It is a regionally important industrial hub, producing aluminium, timber and dairy products, as well as the main economic hub of Umgungundlovu District Municipality. The public sector is a major employer in the city due to the local, district and provincial governments being located here.

It is home to many schools and tertiary education institutions, including a campus of the University of KwaZulu-Natal. It had a population of 228,549 in 1991; the current population is estimated at over 600,000 residents (including neighbouring townships) and has one of the largest populations of Indian South Africans in South Africa.

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