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Pius VII
Papacy began 14 March 1800
Papacy ended 20 August 1823
Predecessor Pope Pius VI
Successor Pope Leo XII
Personal details
Birth name Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti
Born (1742-08-14)14 August 1742
Died 20 August 1823(1823-08-20) (aged 81)
Other Popes named Pius

Pope Pius VII (Latin: Pius Septimus; 14 August 1742 – 20 August 1823), born Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 252nd Pope from 14 March 1800 to 20 August 1823.

Early life

Chiaramonti was born at Cesena, the son of Count Scipione Chiaramonti. His mother, Giovanna was related to the Braschi family.

At the age of 16, he joined the Benedictine Order in 1756; and he was called Brother Gregory.


Chiaramonte was ordained on 21 September 1765.


In 1782, Pius VI made Brother Gregory Bishop of Tivoli, which is near Rome. Later, he became the Bishop of Imola.


Pius VI raised Bishop Chiaramonte to the rank of Cardinal in 1785. The see (titular church) of Cardinal Chiaramonte was the Basilica of St. Callistus.


Cardinal Chiaramonti was elected pope on March 14 1800; and he chose to be called Pius VII. He appointed Ercole Consalvi as his Secretary of State.

Pope Pius was involved in Italian and European political disputes.

Pius traveled from Rome to Paris to crown Napoleon as Emperor of the French in 1804. Before leaving Rome, he signed abdication papers which would take effect if he were put in prison in France. He was not put in prison; and he did not abdicate.

After his death

Pius VII's monument (1831) in St. Peter's Basilica, Rome, is by the Danish sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen.

Related pages

C o a Pio VII
The Coat of Arms of Pius VII
Preceded by
Pius VI
Succeeded by

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