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Clockwise from top left: Locust Grove, Stone Street Historic District, Vassar College, Red Oaks Mill
Clockwise from top left: Locust Grove, Stone Street Historic District, Vassar College, Red Oaks Mill
Seal of the Town of Poughkeepsie, New York.png
Location of the town of Poughkeepsie, New York
Location of the town of Poughkeepsie, New York
Country United States
State New York
County Dutchess
 • Type Town Council
 • Total 31.2 sq mi (80.7 km2)
 • Land 28.5 sq mi (73.9 km2)
 • Water 2.6 sq mi (6.8 km2)
230 ft (70 m)
 • Total 45,471
 • Density 1,520/sq mi (586.9/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
Area code(s) 845
FIPS code 36-59652
GNIS feature ID 0979393

Poughkeepsie (), officially the Town of Poughkeepsie, is a town in Dutchess County, New York, United States. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 45,471. The name is derived from the native term Uppuqui (oo-POO-kee) meaning "lodge-covered", plus ipis meaning "little water", plus ing meaning "place", all of which translates to "the reed-covered lodge by the little water place", or Uppuqui-ipis-ing. This later evolved into Apokeepsing, then into Poughkeepsing, and finally Poughkeepsie.

The area includes a large IBM campus noted for its ongoing development and manufacturing of IBM mainframes.


The town was first settled around 1780 and was part of the Schuyler Patent of 1788. The town of Poughkeepsie was established in 1788 as part of a general organization of towns in the county. In 1854, part of the western section of the town, already an independent village, became the city of Poughkeepsie. At least two National Historic Landmarks are located in the town: the Vassar College Observatory and the Main Building of Vassar College.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 31.2 square miles (80.7 km2), of which 28.5 square miles (73.9 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.8 km2), or 8.44%, is water.

The Hudson River, which marks the boundary of Ulster County, forms the majority of the western border of the town. The city of Poughkeepsie occupies the remainder of the town's western border. The town is bordered by Hyde Park to the north, Pleasant Valley to the northeast, LaGrange to the east, and Wappinger to the southeast.

U.S. Route 9, U.S. Route 44 and State Route 55 pass through the town.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 5,726
1830 7,222 26.1%
1840 10,006 38.5%
1850 13,944 39.4%
1860 3,122 −77.6%
1870 4,009 28.4%
1880 4,628 15.4%
1890 4,782 3.3%
1900 6,820 42.6%
1910 8,626 26.5%
1920 10,519 21.9%
1930 12,707 20.8%
1940 14,495 14.1%
1950 19,984 37.9%
1960 32,164 60.9%
1970 41,087 27.7%
1980 39,549 −3.7%
1990 40,143 1.5%
2000 42,777 6.6%
2010 43,341 1.3%
2020 45,471 4.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 42,777 people, 14,605 households, and 10,121 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,487.5 people per square mile (574.3/km2). There were 15,132 housing units at an average density of 526.2 per square mile (203.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 63.01% White, 38.07% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 5.13% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.62% from other races, and 2.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.27% of the population.

There were 14,605 households, out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 22.6% under the age of 18, 16.9% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $55,327, and the median income for a family was $65,258. Males had a median income of $46,701 versus $31,005 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,589. About 3.3% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.6% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.


New Hamburg train station
New Hamburg Metro-North station


Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides regular service to Poughkeepsie city. Poughkeepsie also has commuter rail service via the Hudson Line (Metro-North).


Dutchess County Public Transit bus system provides service throughout the town.

Communities and locations in or near the town of Poughkeepsie

  • Arlington – A suburb that is located in the town east of the city line. The Arlington Central School District takes its name from the area.
  • Barnegat – A location in the southwest part of the town.
  • Colonial Heights – A hamlet west of Rochdale.
  • Clark Heights – A location at the northeast town line in Pleasant Valley. (Home of the Boy)
  • Crown Heights – A hamlet on the west side of the town.
  • Fairview – A community in the northern part of the town that borders the northern city line.
  • Macdonnell Heights – A hamlet southwest of Rochdale.
  • New Hamburg – A small hamlet along the Hudson River that is home of a popular marina and a busy Metro-North train station. Adjacent to Wappingers Falls, the hamlet is the southwesternmost point in the town.
  • Poughkeepsie – The town of Poughkeepsie wraps around the city of Poughkeepsie in a crescent shape.
  • Red Oaks Mill - A suburb located southeast of the city. The area borders Spackenkill on the east and centers on the intersection of Vassar Road (Dutchess County 77), Spackenkill Road (New York State Route 113) and New Hackensack Road (New York State Route 376). A small, residential side street also feeds into the intersection.
  • Rochdale – A hamlet by the east town line, sandwiched between Arlington and Pleasant Valley.
  • Rudco – Once a small parcel of farmland before World War II, it was purchased in 1942 by IBM to expand upon.
  • Spackenkill – Hamlet located in the town occupies the area south of the city line including the Hagantown and Kingwood Park neighborhoods. The Spackenkill Union Free School District takes its name from the area. An IBM plant is also located in the area, and many of its employees live in Spackenkill.
  • Wappingers Falls – A small part of the Village of Wappingers Falls is in the southern part of the town.
  • Van Keurens – Hamlet; this land is mostly taken over by the Clinton Point Quarry owned by Tilcon, Inc.


Vassar College, Dutchess Community College, and Marist College are located in the town of Poughkeepsie.

Our Lady of Lourdes High School is a private, co-educational, Catholic high school located at a former IBM site on Boardman Road.

Poughkeepsie Day School is an independent, co-educational, day school for students from pre-kindergarten (3 years) through grade 12, located at another former IBM site on Boardman Road.

Oakwood Friends School is a private, co-educational middle school and high school located near the western end of State Route 113 (Spackenkill Road).

There are several school districts in the immediate area, such as Poughkeepsie city; the town itself has Arlington's, Spackenkill's, and parts of Wappinger's and Hyde Park's districts. The first Arlington High School was in Poughkeepsie before being moved to the more rural Lagrangeville.

Notable people

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