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Protected areas of Victoria facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Victoria is the smallest mainland state in Australia. As of 2008 it contained 2,850 separate protected areas with a total land area of 39,273 km2 (15,163 sq mi) (17.26% of the state's area). Of these, 45 were national parks, totalling 28,023 km2 (10,820 sq mi) (11.32% of the state's area).

The parks are managed by Parks Victoria, a state government agency. There are also many smaller state areas which are subject to commercial activity such as logging.

Coastal and marine parks

The state of Victoria has protected approximately 5.3% of coastal waters. In June 2002, legislation was passed to establish 13 marine national parks and 11 marine sanctuaries. Victoria is the first jurisdiction in the world to create an entire system of highly protected marine national parks at the same time.

Historic and heritage areas and parks

  • Beechworth Historic Park
  • Castlemaine Diggings National Heritage Park
  • Nyerimilang Heritage Park
  • Oriental Claims Historic Area
  • Point Gellibrand Coastal Heritage Park
  • Steiglitz Historic Park
  • Walhalla Historic Area
  • Upper Goulburn Historic Area
  • Whroo Historic Reserve
  • Woodlands Historic Park

Indigenous Protected Areas

Indigenous Protected Areas (IPAs) are "areas of land and sea managed by Indigenous groups as protected areas for biodiversity conservation through voluntary agreements with the Australian Government". The following IPAs have been declared in Victoria:

  • Deen Maar
  • Framlingham Forest
  • Kurtonitj
  • Lake Condah
  • Tyrendarra

National parks

As of 2011 there are 45 national parks in Victoria.


National parks of Victoria
Order National park name Area Declared
as a national park
Source(s) Notes
ha acre
1 Alfred 3,050 7,500 1925
2 Alpine 646,000 1,600,000 1989
3 Barmah 28,521 70,480 2010
4 Baw Baw 13,300 33,000 April 1979 (1979-04)
5 Brisbane Ranges 7,718 19,070 15 August 1973 (1973-08-15)
6 Burrowa-Pine Mountain 18,400 45,000 16 May 1978 (1978-05-16)
7 Chiltern-Mount Pilot 21,600 53,000 30 October 2002 (2002-10-30)
8 Churchill 271 670 12 February 1941 (1941-02-12)
9 Cobboboonee 18,510 45,700 November 2008 (2008-11)
10 Coopracambra 38,800 96,000 1988
11 Croajingolong 87,500 216,000 26 April 1979 (1979-04-26)
12 Dandenong Ranges 3,215 7,940 13 December 1987 (1987-12-13) Includes the former Ferntree Gully NP
13 Errinundra 26,875 66,410 15 July 1988 (1988-07-15)
14 French Island 11,100 27,000 28 June 1998 (1998-06-28)
15 Grampians 168,000 420,000 1 July 1984 (1984-07-01)
16 Great Otway 103,000 250,000 11 December 2005 (2005-12-11)
17 Greater Bendigo 17,007 42,030 30 October 2002 (2002-10-30)
18 Gunbower 9,330 23,100 June 2010 (2010-06)
19 Hattah-Kulkyne 49,975 123,490 7 June 1960 (1960-06-07)
20 Heathcote-Graytown 12,833 31,710 30 October 2002 (2002-10-30)
21 Kara Kara 13,990 34,600 30 October 2002 (2002-10-30)
22 Kinglake 22,360 55,300 7 March 1928 (1928-03-07)
23 Lake Eildon 27,750 68,600 4 June 1997 (1997-06-04)
24 Lind 1,370 3,400 1925
25 Little Desert 132,000 330,000 1968
26 Lower Glenelg 27,300 67,000 1969
27 Lower Goulburn 9,310 23,000 June 2010 (2010-06)
28 Mitchell River 14,338 35,430 December 1962 (1962-12) Includes former Glenaladale NP; expanded 1986, and 2003.
29 Mornington Peninsula 2,686 6,640 1 December 1975 (1975-12-01) Proclaimed in 1975 (as Cape Schanck Coastal Park);
in 1988 (as Point Nepean NP); and in 1995 (as Mornington Peninsula NP).
30 Morwell 560 1,400 26 November 1966 (1966-11-26)
31 Mount Buffalo 31,000 77,000 1898
32 Mount Eccles 6,120 15,100 7 June 1960 (1960-06-07)
33 Mount Richmond 1,733 4,280 7 June 1960 (1960-06-07)
34 Murray-Sunset 633,000 1,560,000 26 April 1979 (1979-04-26)
35 Organ Pipes 152 380 12 March 1972 (1972-03-12)
36 Port Campbell 1,750 4,300 5 May 1964 (1964-05-05)
37 Point Nepean 470 1,200 2005
38 Snowy River 98,700 244,000 26 April 1979 (1979-04-26)
39 Tarra-Bulga 2,015 4,980 17 June 1986 (1986-06-17)
40 Terrick Terrick 5,882 14,530 June 1988 (1988-06)
41 The Lakes 2,390 5,900 1956
42 Warby-Ovens 14,655 36,210 October 2010 (2010-10)
43 Wilsons Promontory 50,500 125,000 July 1898 (1898-07)
44 Wyperfeld 357,017 882,210 1921
45 Yarra Ranges 76,003 187,810 December 1995 (1995-12) Attracted circa 800,000 visitors in 2002

State parks

Metropolitan parks

  • Ah Kows Gully
  • Anser Island
  • Baawang
  • Barga
  • Baw Baw
  • Beehive Creek
  • Benedore River
  • Berrook
  • Big River
  • Blue Rag
  • Blue Range
  • Boiler Plain
  • Broombush
  • Buangor
  • Buenba
  • Bungil
  • Burnside
  • Calder River
  • Carpendeit
  • Chalka Creek
  • Chiltern Box-Ironbark
  • Cobboboonee
  • Cooriemungle
  • Crinoline Creek
  • Danyo
  • Dattuck
  • Deep Creek
  • Diamond Creek
  • Disappointment
  • East Caledonia
  • Enfield
  • Entrance Point
  • Forest Hill
  • French Island (East)
  • French Island (North)
  • Gelantipy Plateau
  • Grasstree Creek
  • Hollands Knob
  • Jemba
  • Jilpanger
  • Joey Creek
  • Jones Creek
  • Kamarooka
  • Keegans Bend
  • Kentbruck Heath
  • Kia
  • Kooyoora
  • Korong Vale
  • Lagoon Plateau
  • Lake Jerriwirrup
  • Lake Walla Walla
  • Little Desert (East)
  • Little Desert (West)
  • Macks Creek
  • Merragunegin
  • Millewa
  • Millewa South
  • Moora Valley
  • Morkalla
  • Mount Buffalo
  • Mount Crozier
  • Mount Gregory
  • Mount Mcadam
  • Mount Pleasant
  • Mountain Creek
  • Mullungdung
  • Musket Creek
  • Olangolah Creek
  • O'Sullivans Lookout
  • Patterson River
  • Parker River
  • Pine Mountain
  • Porphyry Hill
  • Pretty Creek
  • Purnya
  • Raak Plain
  • Rocket Lake
  • Rudds Rocks
  • Ruths Gully
  • Seal Creek
  • Settlement Road
  • Shepherds Creek
  • Stony Creek (Otways)
  • Stony Creek (Kinglake)
  • Sunset
  • Terrick Terrick
  • The Sisters
  • The Stones
  • Tom Groggin
  • Tomahawk Creek
  • Tooan
  • Top End
  • Top Island
  • Toupnein Creek
  • Vereker Creek
  • Walsh Creek
  • Warby Range
  • Watts Creek
  • White Box Ridge
  • Whiterock Creek
  • Winnot Creek
  • Wombat Creek
  • Wonnangatta River
  • Yambulla
  • Zig Zag Creek
  • Beear
  • Bennie Creek
  • Burbibyong Creek
  • Cambatong
  • Concordia Gully
  • Cudgewa Creek
  • Drum Top
  • Dry Forest Creek
  • Durdidwarrah
  • Eaglehawk Creek
  • Glen Creek
  • Hawthorn Creek
  • Killawarra
  • King
  • Lightwood
  • Lucyvale Creek
  • Mitta Mitta
  • Mount Separation
  • Musk Creek
  • Pilot Range
  • Pyrete Range
  • Roseneath
  • Rushworth Forest
  • Ryans Creek
  • Sandhurst
  • Spring Creek
  • Stringybark Creek
  • Stony Creek (Durdiwarrah)
  • Tambo River
  • Tarpaulin Bend
  • Telopea Downs
  • Thirteen Mile Spur
  • Toorour
  • Twenty Acre Creek
  • Yan Yean North
  • Yan Yean South

Wilderness parks

  • Avon
  • Big Desert
  • Wabba

Wilderness zones inside other protected areas

  • Bowen
  • Buchan Headwaters
  • Cape Howe
  • Chinaman Flat
  • Cobberas
  • Galpunga
  • Genoa
  • Indi
  • Minook
  • Mount Cowra
  • Mount Darling - Snowy Bluff
  • North Wyperfeld
  • Razor-Viking
  • Sandpatch
  • Snowy River
  • South Wyperfeld
  • Sunset
  • Tingaringy

Nature conservation reserves

There are 328 nature conservation reserves including:

Natural feature reserves

There are 1,522 natural feature reserves.

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Protected areas of Victoria Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.