Ravenswood, West Virginia facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Ravenswood, West Virginia
Intersection of Washington and Walnut Streets
Location of Ravenswood in Jackson County, West Virginia.
|• Total||1.89 sq mi (4.89 km2)|
|• Land||1.82 sq mi (4.71 km2)|
|• Water||0.07 sq mi (0.18 km2)|
|Elevation||607 ft (185 m)|
| • Estimate
|• Density||2,004.95/sq mi (774.00/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1555445|
|Colors are Red, Black, and White|
Ravenswood is a city in Jackson County, West Virginia, United States, along the Ohio River. The population was 3,876 at the 2010 census.
Ravenswood is located at 38°57′11″N 81°45′41″W / 38.95306°N 81.76139°W (38.952922, -81.761357), along the Ohio River at the mouth of Sandy Creek.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.90 square miles (4.92 km2), of which, 1.83 square miles (4.74 km2) is land and 0.07 square miles (0.18 km2) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,876 people, 1,657 households, and 1,061 families living in the city. The population density was 2,118.0 inhabitants per square mile (817.8/km2). There were 1,807 housing units at an average density of 987.4 per square mile (381.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.4% White, 0.2% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.
There were 1,657 households, of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.0% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.90.
The median age in the city was 42.4 years. 23% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.4% were from 25 to 44; 23.9% were from 45 to 64; and 23.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.
Ravenswood is sited on land once owned by George Washington. Washington acquired the 2,448-acre (10 km2) parcel in 1770, and designated Colonel William Crawford to survey the lands in 1771. A permanent settlement was first established in 1810, and the town streets and lots were laid out in their current pattern by descendants of George Washington in 1835.
When Kaiser Aluminum planned a new facility with 12,000 workers, Bill Finley was hired planned "Company Town" of 25,000. He went on to become a planner with the National Capital Planning Commission, and develop the community of Columbia, Maryland for the Rouse Company. The Kaiser facility is now owned by Constellium and Century Aluminum.
In February 2010, USA Today referred to Ravenswood as "teetering on a ghost town" (1). Mayor Lucy Harbert responded by bringing in sponsorships from several Silicon Valley-based companies like ScanCafe.com and StartUps.com (2). On March 26, 2010, Mike Ruben, a reporter with the State Journal newspaper, announced that Ravenswood was "transforming" the town into "Aluminum City, U.S.A." to help attract local tourism revenue: "L.A. Promoter Plans to Market 'Aluminum City'."
Other significant dates
- 1840 First Election held in the home of Bartholomew Fleming.
- 1852 Ravenswood incorporated in the state of Virginia.
- 1863 Ravenswood becomes part of West Virginia when a proclamation by President Abraham Lincoln admits West Virginia to the Union.
- 1863 The Battle of Buffington Island, the only major battle of the American Civil War fought in Ohio, takes place one mile (1.6 km) north of Ravenswood.
- 1886 The Ohio River Rail Road reaches Ravenswood.
- 1892 The Ravenswood, Spencer and Glenville Railroad is completed to Spencer.
- 1931 Opening of the Ravenswood Glass Novelty Company ("The Marble Factory").
- 1957 Henry J. Kaiser opens the world's largest aluminum refinery six miles south of Ravenswood.
- 1960 Presidential Candidate John F. Kennedy visits Ravenswood during the Primary Election campaign.
- 1964 The Ravenswood exit of Interstate 77 opens
- Washington's Lands Museum
- (Operated by the Jackson County Historical Society)
The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Ravenswood has a Humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
|Climate data for Ravenswood, West Virginia|
|Average high °C (°F)||6.7
|Average low °C (°F)||-4.4
|Precipitation mm (inches)||84
Place name lore
Two differing stories tell of the naming of Ravenswood. One story tells that the town was originally named Ravensworth, after the English relatives of a founding family. But somewhere between the Ohio River wilderness and the mapmaker in Richmond, the name was changed to Ravenswood. The second story says that Henrietta Fitzhugh, wife of one of the town founders, Henry Fitzhugh, named the town after the hero in Walter Scott's novel The Bride of Lammermoor (1819).
Primary and secondary public education is provided by Jackson County Schools. Ravenswood public schools include Henry J. Kaiser Elementary School (Grades K-2), Ravenswood Grade School (Grades 3–5), Ravenswood Middle School (Grades 6–8), and Ravenswood High School (9-12). Ravenswood Grade School is located about 11⁄2 miles outside of the town limits. The other schools are located within the town boundaries. The official mascot of Ravenswood High School is the Red Devil. Lower-level schools are referred to as Demons. Private school education is provided by the Heritage Christian Academy (Grades K-12).