Roseland, New Jersey facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Roseland, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Roseland
Location in Essex County and the state of New Jersey..
Location in Essex County and the state of New Jersey..
Census Bureau map of Roseland, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Roseland, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Essex
Incorporated March 10, 1908
Area
 • Total 3.560 sq mi (9.219 km2)
 • Land 3.539 sq mi (9.165 km2)
 • Water 0.021 sq mi (0.054 km2)  0.58%
Area rank 311th of 566 in state
12th of 22 in county
Elevation 239 ft (73 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 5,819
 • Estimate (2015) 5,876
 • Rank 354th of 566 in state
21st of 22 in county
 • Density 1,644.4/sq mi (634.9/km2)
 • Density rank 319th of 566 in state
20th of 22 in county
Demonym(s) Roselandite
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07068
Area code(s) 973
FIPS code 3401364590
GNIS feature ID 0885378
Website www.roselandnj.org

Roseland is a borough in western Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 5,819, reflecting an increase of 521 (+9.8%) from the 5,298 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 451 (+9.3%) from the 4,847 counted in the 1990 Census.

Roseland was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 10, 1908, from portions of Livingston Township.

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Roseland as its 7th best place to live in its 2015 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey. The borough was ranked 14th best place to live in the magazine's 2008 rankings.

History

Roseland was part of the Horseneck Tract, which was an area that consisted of what are now the municipalities of Caldwell, West Caldwell, North Caldwell, Fairfield, Verona, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Roseland, and portions of Livingston and West Orange. In 1702, settlers purchased the 14,000 acres (57 km2) Horseneck Tract — so-called because of its irregular shape that suggested a horse's neck and head — from the Lenni Lenape Native Americans for goods equal to $325. This purchase encompassed much of western Essex County, from the First Mountain to the Passaic River.

Originally named Centerville, the name of the community was changed in 1874 to Roseland to avoid confusion with the several other Centervilles spread across the state, most specifically Centerville, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, which already had a post office under that name. Roseland was chosen over the alternative proposed name of "Roselyn".

One of the most notable places of interest in the borough was the Becker Farm Railroad, otherwise known as the Centerville & Southwestern Railroad. A miniature railroad operated from 1938 until 1972 on the Becker Farm, which once comprised nearly half of the total area within Roseland and which is now mostly a large business complex. Some vestiges of the railroad still exist.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 3.560 square miles (9.219 km2), including 3.539 square miles (9.165 km2) of land and 0.021 square miles (0.054 km2) of water (0.58%). Roseland is located about 20 miles (30 km) west of New York City. Roseland is part of the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1910 486
1920 609 25.3%
1930 1,058 73.7%
1940 1,556 47.1%
1950 2,019 29.8%
1960 2,804 38.9%
1970 4,453 58.8%
1980 5,330 19.7%
1990 4,847 −9.1%
2000 5,298 9.3%
2010 5,819 9.8%
Est. 2015 5,876 10.9%
Population sources:
1910-1920 1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 5,819 people, 2,345 households, and 1,667 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,644.4 per square mile (634.9/km2). There were 2,432 housing units at an average density of 687.3 per square mile (265.4/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 90.74% (5,280) White, 1.82% (106) Black or African American, 0.07% (4) Native American, 5.79% (337) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.50% (29) from other races, and 1.08% (63) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.50% (262) of the population.

There were 2,345 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 21.0% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 20.8% from 25 to 44, 31.1% from 45 to 64, and 22.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.7 years. For every 100 females there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 86.4 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $100,289 (with a margin of error of +/- $10,283) and the median family income was $116,118 (+/- $20,786). Males had a median income of $83,864 (+/- $16,862) versus $58,611 (+/- $12,592) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $53,042 (+/- $7,511). About 1.9% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.8% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 5,298 people, 2,142 households, and 1,525 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,463.6 people per square mile (565.1/km2). There were 2,187 housing units at an average density of 604.2 per square mile (233.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 93.43% White, 0.72% African American, 0.04% Native American, 4.72% Asian, 0.43% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.28% of the population.

As of the 2000 Census, 32.0% of Roseland residents were of Italian ancestry, the 27th-highest percentage of any municipality in the United States, and 10th-highest in New Jersey, among all places with more than 1,000 residents identifying their ancestry.

There were 2,142 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.8% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the borough the population was spread out with 20.6% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 29.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 85.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.6 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $82,499, and the median income for a family was $93,957. Males had a median income of $61,049 versus $41,688 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $41,415. None of the families and 1.7% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 2.7% of those over 64.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 24.95 miles (40.15 km) of roadways, of which 14.08 miles (22.66 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.31 miles (13.37 km) by Essex County and 2.56 miles (4.12 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Interstate 280 passes through the borough, connecting East Hanover Township and Livingston.

Public transportation

NJ Transit offers bus service to Newark on the 71 route.

The Whippany Line of the Morristown & Erie Railway, a small freight line, traverses the township. Established in 1895, the line runs from Morristown and runs through East Hanover Township and Hanover Township to Roseland.


Roseland, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.