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Saddle Brook, New Jersey
Township
Township of Saddle Brook
House in Riverside Cemetery
House in Riverside Cemetery
Map highlighting Saddle Brook's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey.
Map highlighting Saddle Brook's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Saddle Brook, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Saddle Brook, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Bergen
Incorporated March 20, 1716 (as Saddle River Township)
Renamed November 8, 1955 (as Saddle Brook Township)
Area
 • Total 2.716 sq mi (7.034 km2)
 • Land 2.689 sq mi (6.964 km2)
 • Water 0.027 sq mi (0.071 km2)  1.00%
Area rank 363rd of 566 in state
35th of 70 in county
Elevation 46 ft (14 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 13,659
 • Estimate (2015) 14,098
 • Rank 180th of 566 in state
24th of 70 in county
 • Density 5,080.2/sq mi (1,961.5/km2)
 • Density rank 109th of 566 in state
28th of 70 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07663
Area code(s) 201 and 973
FIPS code 3400365340
GNIS feature ID 882308
Website www.saddlebrooknj.us

Saddle Brook is a township in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 13,659, reflecting an increase of 504 (+3.8%) from the 13,155 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 141 (-1.1%) from the 13,296 counted in the 1990 Census.

History

Saddle River Township was created on March 20, 1716, consisting of all of the territory in Bergen County west of the Saddle River, making it one of the oldest municipalities in Bergen County. It was incorporated on February 21, 1798 by the Township Act of 1798 as one of the initial group of 104 townships incorporated in New Jersey. The historic name of the township was from the Saddle River, a tributary of the Passaic River, which in turn was named for a stream and valley in Saddell, Argyll, Scotland.

After its formation in 1716, Saddle River Township was split up in 1772 by royal decree with the northernmost half becoming Franklin Township, named after the last royal governor of New Jersey, William Franklin, son of Benjamin Franklin. Pompton Township was established in 1797 from parts of both Franklin and Saddle River Townships west of the Ramapo River, leaving sections of both townships disconnected to the west of Pompton Township. West Milford Township was formed from the discontinuous, western sections of both Franklin and Saddle River townships in 1834.

In the initial wave of "Boroughitis" in which 26 new boroughs were created in 1894 alone and two more in 1895, Glen Rock (on September 14, 1894) and Lodi (December 22, 1894) split off from Saddle River Township, followed shortly thereafter by Wallington (January 2, 1895). Garfield (March 15, 1898), East Paterson (April 18, 1916; renamed to Elmwood Park effective January 1, 1973) and Fair Lawn (April 5, 1924) subsequently split off.

Saddle Brook adopted its current name on November 8, 1955, replacing Saddle River Township.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 2.716 square miles (7.034 km2), including 2.689 square miles (6.964 km2) of land and 0.027 square miles (0.071 km2) of water (1.00%).

The township borders the Bergen County municipalities of Elmwood Park, Fair Lawn, Garfield, Lodi, Paramus and Rochelle Park.

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Coalberg and Passaic Junction.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 2,171
1820 2,291 5.5%
1830 3,399 48.4%
1840 828 * −75.6%
1850 823 −0.6%
1860 1,007 22.4%
1870 1,168 16.0%
1880 1,355 16.0%
1890 1,169 −13.7%
1900 1,954 * 67.2%
1910 3,047 55.9%
1920 2,845 * −6.6%
1930 2,424 −14.8%
1940 3,169 30.7%
1950 7,955 151.0%
1960 13,834 73.9%
1970 15,975 15.5%
1980 14,084 −11.8%
1990 13,296 −5.6%
2000 13,155 −1.1%
2010 13,659 3.8%
Est. 2015 14,098 3.2%
Population sources:
1800-1920 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1890-1910 1910-1930
1900-2010 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 13,659 people, 5,286 households, and 3,690 families residing in the township. The population density was 5,080.2 per square mile (1,961.5/km2). There were 5,485 housing units at an average density of 2,040.0 per square mile (787.6/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 84.35% (11,521) White, 2.31% (316) Black or African American, 0.16% (22) Native American, 8.21% (1,121) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 3.19% (436) from other races, and 1.78% (243) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.20% (1,666) of the population.

There were 5,286 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the township, the population was spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 28.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.4 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 88.2 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $79,279 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,351) and the median family income was $92,861 (+/- $9,495). Males had a median income of $60,214 (+/- $5,753) versus $44,243 (+/- $3,010) for females. The per capita income for the township was $33,674 (+/- $2,295). About 0.0% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.6% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.

Same-sex couples headed 40 households in 2010, an increase from the 15 counted in 2000.

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 13,155 people, 5,062 households, and 3,578 families residing in the township. The population density was 4,830.8 people per square mile (1,867.3/km2). There were 5,161 housing units at an average density of 1,895.2 per square mile (732.6/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 90.73% White, 1.39% Black, 0.04% Native American, 4.74% (U.S. Census), 1.70% from other races, and 1.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.27% of the population.

Among those resident who reported their ancestry in the 2000 Census, the most common were Italian (35.7%), Irish (15.7%), Polish (13.1%) and German (11.0%). The number of residents who reported being of Italian ancestry in the 2000 Census (adjusted for the total number of ancestries reported) was the 15th highest of any municipality in New Jersey.

There were 5,062 households out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.3% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the township the population was spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $63,545, and the median income for a family was $73,205. Males had a median income of $49,834 versus $34,542 for females. The per capita income for the township was $27,561. About 1.4% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 41.73 miles (67.16 km) of roadways, of which 31.45 miles (50.61 km) were maintained by the municipality, 6.91 miles (11.12 km) by Bergen County, 2.40 miles (3.86 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation, and 0.97 miles (1.56 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.

Saddle Brook hosts the intersection of the Garden State Parkway (Exit 159) and Interstate 80 (Exit 62), along with portions of U.S. Route 46. New Jersey Route 4 and Route 17 are within a quarter mile of its borders.

The Parkway extends across the center of the township for 1.0 mile (1.6 km), heading northeast from Elmwood Park to Rochelle Park. Two toll gates are located in the township, with one toll gate on the northbound lanes of the parkway (just north of Exit 159), and the other toll gate used at the interchange for Exit 159.

Interstate 80 heads east through Saddle Brook for 1.6 miles (2.6 km) from Elmwood Park to Lodi. U.S. Route 46 clips the township's southwest corner, heading southeast for 0.6 miles (0.97 km) from Garfield to Lodi on Saddle Brook's southern border.

Public transportation

NJ Transit's Plauderville rail station is near the township's southwest corner, just across the border in Garfield, south of the intersection of Plauderville Avenue and Midland Avenue. The station provides service on the Bergen County Line to Hoboken Terminal, with transfers available at Secaucus Junction to New York Penn Station, Newark Penn Station, and Newark Airport, and with transfers at Hoboken to PATH trains, Hudson Bergen Light Rail, and New York Waterway ferries.

NJ Transit bus service is offered to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 144, 145, 148, 160, 161 and 164 routes; and to other New Jersey communities served on the 707, 712 and 758 routes.

Points of interest

Riverside Cemetery is a plot-holder-owned Jewish cemetery with over 65,000 burials. Acquired by the Lakewood Cemetery Association in 1906, the 105-acre (42 ha) property includes an Italianate style home used as administrative offices that has been restored and expanded after the building was extensively damaged in a 1950 fire.

Passaic Junction is a rail yard owned by New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway that has a connection to and is the official interchange location with Norfolk Southern.

The Kessler Institute for Rehabilitation maintains a campus in Saddle Brook, in addition to other main campuses in Chester and West Orange. The Saddle Brook campus was established after the acquisition of Saddle Brook/Kennedy Memorial Hospital in 1993, and operates 112 beds, specializing in rehabilitation from stroke, brain injury, amputation, neurological conditions (including Multiple Sclerosis, ALS and Parkinson's disease), joint replacement and orthopedic trauma

The First Reformed Church of Saddle Brook, located at 5 Ackerman Avenue, was the first church to be established in the present boundaries of the township. It was officially established in 1900, with its first worship service being held on May 5, 1901.


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