Garfield, New Jersey facts for kids
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Garfield, New Jersey
|City of Garfield|
Dahnert's Lake County Park, located in the center of the city
"City of Champions"
Map highlighting Garfield's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Garfield, New Jersey
|Incorporated||March 15, 1898 (as Borough)
April 19, 1917 (as City)
|Named for||James Garfield|
|• Type||1923 Municipal Manager Law|
|• Body||City Council|
|• Total||2.19 sq mi (5.67 km2)|
|• Land||2.11 sq mi (5.47 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2) 3.65%|
|Area rank||395th of 565 in state
45th of 70 in county
|Elevation||98 ft (30 m)|
| • Estimate
|• Rank||73rd of 566 in state
5th of 70 in county
|• Density||14,524.8/sq mi (5,608.1/km2)|
|• Density rank||15th of 566 in state
4th of 70 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0876557|
Garfield is a city in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 30,487, reflecting an increase of 701 (+2.4%) from the 29,786 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,059 (+11.4%) from the 26,727 counted in the 1990 Census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 2.160 square miles (5.594 km2), including 2.099 square miles (5.436 km2) of land and 0.061 square miles (0.158 km2) of water (2.82%).
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Belmont, Bogart Heights, Dundee Dam and Plauderville.
The city has land borders with adjacent Elmwood Park, Lodi, Saddle Brook and South Hackensack. The Saddle River is a shared border with Wallington. There are three bridges over the Passaic River crossing the municipal and county line to Passaic and Clifton in Passaic County.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency has identified Garfield as the site of groundwater contaminated hexavalent chromium from a spill in 1983 at the E.C. Electroplating Corporation site. In 2016, the EPA announced a $37 million project to cleanup contamination at the site using Superfund money, as the company responsible for the spill of 3,600 US gallons (14,000 l; 3,000 imp gal) of chromic acid is no longer in business.
Based on data from the 2011-2015 American Community Survey, the city had a median age of 35.4, the lowest median age in the county. Garfield was one of four municipalities with a median age below the national and state average of 37.6, and well below the median age of 41.5 in Bergen County.
As of the census of 2010, there were 30,487 people, 11,073 households, and 7,718 families residing in the city. The population density was 14,524.8 per square mile (5,608.1/km2). There were 11,788 housing units at an average density of 5,616.1 per square mile (2,168.4/km2)*. The racial makeup of the city was 76.73% (23,393) White, 6.50% (1,981) Black or African American, 0.43% (132) Native American, 2.22% (678) Asian, 0.01% (2) Pacific Islander, 10.85% (3,307) from other races, and 3.26% (994) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 32.24% (9,830) of the population.
There were 11,073 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 17.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.3% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.29.
In the city, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.5 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 89.0 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $51,407 (with a margin of error of +/- $1,842) and the median family income was $56,701 (+/- $5,020). Males had a median income of $42,927 (+/- $1,953) versus $33,231 (+/- $3,471) for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,022 (+/- $1,348). About 9.8% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.0% of those under age 18 and 16.2% of ages 65 years or over.
Same-sex couples headed 68 households in 2010.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the city had a total of 49.24 miles (79.24 km) of roadways, of which 42.67 miles (68.67 km) were maintained by the municipality, 6.44 miles (10.36 km) by Bergen County and 0.13 miles (0.21 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
U.S. Route 46 and County Route 507 pass through Garfield. Other main roads include Midland Avenue, Outwater Lane, River Drive and Passaic Street. There are five crossings of the Lower Passaic River.
Both the Garfield station and the Plauderville station, located on the Saddle Brook border, are served by NJ Transit's Bergen County Line, providing service to Hoboken Terminal, with transfers available at Secaucus Junction to Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan and to most of New Jersey Transit's other train lines.
New Jersey Transit buses includes lines 160 and 161 serving the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, and local service on the 702, 707, 709 and 758 routes.
The Garfield Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide that were established pursuant to the decision by the New Jersey Supreme Court in Abbott v. Burke which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.
As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of 11 schools, had an enrollment of 4,992 students and 438.8 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.4:1. Schools in the district (with 2017–18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Garfield Early Childhood Learning Center (298 students; in PreK), Garfield Public Preschool Annex / Garfield Public Preschool Annex3 (149; PreK), Washington Irving School #4 (426; K-5), Woodrow Wilson School #5 (310; K-5), Abraham Lincoln Elementary School #6 (409; PreK-5), Theodore Roosevelt School #7 (382; K-5), Christopher Columbus School #8 (421; PreK-5), Thomas Jefferson School #9 (NA; PreK-5), James Madison School #10 (323; K-5), Garfield Middle School (989; 6–8) and Garfield High School (1,090; 9–12).
Public school students from the city, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.
Bergen Arts and Science Charter School, which opened in September 2006, serves public school students in the district, as well as those from Hackensack and Lodi. The elementary (grades K-3) and middle (4-8) school facilities are located in Garfield, while the high school (9-12) is in Hackensack. As of the 2018–19 school year, the charter school had an enrollment of 1,163 students and 83.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 14.0:1.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Garfield include:
- Tony Aless (1921–1988), jazz pianist.
- Miles Austin (born 1984), wide receiver for the Dallas Cowboys.
- Joe Benigno (born 1953), sports radio personality on WFAN.
- Al Blozis (1919–1945), player for the New York Giants killed during World War II.
- Linda Bove (born 1945), deaf actress who played the part of Linda the Librarian on the children's television program Sesame Street from 1971 to 2003.
- David Brigati (born 1940), original member of Joey Dee and the Starliters and backing singer for The Rascals.
- Eddie Brigati (born 1945), singer/songwriter, founding member of The Rascals.
- Luis Castillo (born 1983), defensive end for the San Diego Chargers.
- Wayne Chrebet (born 1973), wide receiver who played for the New York Jets.
- Mickey Deans (1934–2003), musician, fifth husband of Judy Garland.
- Gordon Hollingshead (1892–1952), movie producer who won six Academy Awards, including for the 1945 short film Star in the Night.
- Otto Huber (1914–1989), Major League Baseball player who played for the Boston Bees during the 1939 season.
- Gianfranco Iannotta (born 1994), track and field athlete who won a gold medal at the 2016 Summer Paralympics.
- Dennis Joel (born 1947), former child actor and singer.
- Isaac M. Laddon (1894–1976), aircraft designer.
- Tippy Larkin (1911–1992), boxer.
- Michael J. Pollard (1939-2019), character actor and comedian widely known for his role as C.W. Moss in the film Bonnie and Clyde (1967), for which he received an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor nomination.
- Gorgi Popstefanov (born 1987), Macedonian road racing cyclist.
- Janice Robinson (born 1967), singer, solo and with Livin' Joy.
- Paul L. Troast (1894-1972), building contractor, chairman of the New Jersey Turnpike Authority during its construction, and one-time failed gubernatorial candidate in 1953.
- Joseph Villa (1948–1995), pianist.
Garfield, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.