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Sceloporus poinsettii facts for kids

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Crevice spiny lizard
Sceloporus poinsettii (1).jpg
Sceloporus poinsettii
Scientific classification

Sceloporus poinsettii, the crevice spiny lizard, is a species of small, phrynosomatid lizard.

Etymology

The epithet, poinsettii, is in honor of American physician, botanist, and statesman, Joel Roberts Poinsett.

Geographic range

In the United States, Sceloporus poinsettii occurs in the Chihuahua Desert and Edwards Plateau regions of Texas and New Mexico. In Mexico it occurs in the border states from the Sierra Madre Occidental of Sonora, eastward through Chihuahua, Coahuila, and Nuevo Leon. Southward its distribution is less well established, although it is known to occur throughout of the state of Durango, parts of Zacatecas, with additional records from San Luis Potosi in the southeast, and the Pacifica slopes of the Sierra Madre Occidental of northern Jalisco in the southwest.

Description

The crevice spiny lizard is typically grey in color, but sometimes can have a ruddy red-brown appearance with a black and white collar around the neck region. The underside is typically light grey, but males often have blue patches on either side of their bellies. The tail typically has black banding. Their scales have a distinctly spiny texture. They can grow to 11.8 cm (4.6 in) snout-to-vent length, and 31.1 cm (12.2 inches) total length.

Behavior

Crevice spiny lizard (Sceloporus poinsettii), Mason County, Texas, USA (9 May 2014)
Crevice spiny lizard (Sceloporus poinsettii) photographed in-situ, Mason County, Texas, USA (9 May 2014).

Crevice spiny lizards are typically shy and nervous, fleeing up a rock face or into a crevice if approached. They prefer semi-arid habitats, often of limestone rock, where there are numerous holes and easily accessible cracks.

Diet

Crevice spiny lizards are insectivorous, consuming a wide variety of spiders, beetles, and other insects, but they will sometimes also consume tender vegetation.

Reproduction

Sceloporus poinsetti is one of the several species of Sceloporus that are ovoviviparous. Breeding occurs in the spring, and a litter of up to 11 young are born in midsummer.

Subspecies

Five subspecies are recognized as being valid, including the nominotypical subspecies

  • Sceloporus poinsettii amydrus Webb, 2006
  • Sceloporus poinsettii axtelli Webb, 2006
  • Sceloporus poinsettii macrolepis H.M. Smith & Chrapliwy, 1958
  • Sceloporus poinsettii poinsettii Baird & Girard, 1852
  • Sceloporus poinsettii polylepis H.M. Smith & Chrapliwy, 1958
  • Baird, Spencer F., and Charles Girard (1852). "Characteristics of some New Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution". Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 125-129. (Sceloporus poinsettii, new species, pp. 126–127).
  • Behler, John L., and F. Wayne King (1979). The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles and Amphibians. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 743 pp. ISBN: 0-394-50824-6. (Sceloporus poinsetti, pp. 527–528 + Plate 354).
  • Conant, Roger (1975). A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America, Second Edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. xviii + 429 pp. + Plates 1-48. ISBN: 0-395-19979-4 (hardcover), ISBN: 0-395-19977-8 (paperback). (Sceloporus poinsetti, pp. 100–101 + Plate 17 + Map 66).
  • Stebbins, Robert C. (2003). A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, Third Edition. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin. xiii + 533 pp. ISBN: 978-0-395-98272-3. (Sceloporus poinsettii, p. 285 + Plate 31 + Map 88).
  • Zim, Herbert S., and Hobart M. Smith (1956). Reptiles and Amphibians: A Guide to Familiar American Species: A Golden Nature Guide. New York: Simon and Schuster. 160 pp. (Sceloporus poinsetti, pp. 56, 155).
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